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Dernières notices ajoutées par région : Grèce de l'Ouest
Oiniades. E. Serbeti (University of Athens) reports on the 2009 and 2010 excavation seasons. Work since 1989 (now published in E. Serbeti, Οινιάδες. Δημόσια Οικοδομήματα από την Αρχαία Αγορά, Αthens 2001) has uncovered the greater part of the agora of the ancient city (the bouleuterion, a 124m long stoa, a small temple, three votive monuments, a circular heroon containing an altar and a bothros for offerings, and three buildings of unknown function). Current research focuses on the cemetery outside the city wall to the east. Excavation in 2009-2010 exposed the retaining wall which defined the north side of a 2m wide road for some 36m of its course through the cemetery. This wall was not one unified construction, but comprised six separate walls all on the same orientation (Figs 1, 2, 9, 10). These were built of worked blocks of local hard limestone, with the south face (towards the road) finished (Figs 3-8, 11, 12). Walls 1, 2, 4, and 5 were in orthogonal masonry, wall 3 in irregular polygonal masonry, and wall 6 had almost completely collapsed (Fig. 13). In front of the bedrock between walls 3 and 4 and upon the road was a roughly-set row of medium-sized unworked stones which defined a semicircular space of uncertain function. A block at the ends of the walls oriented north-south, against the alignment of the road (Fig. 12), indicates that the retaining wall also incorporated independent structures, probably funerary periboloi. Tombs 1 and 3 can be associated with wall 1, tombs 45 and 49 with wall 2, tomb 91 with wall 3, tombs 77 and 78 with wall 4, tombs 60, 61, 74, 76 and 81 with wall 5, and tomb 58 with wall 6. The tomb groups thus identified are valuable for the study of the form of the cemetery, burial customs, and the dating of grave goods. Portable finds include small groups of sherds, plaster, tiny fragments of grave stelai, a spearhead, a nail, and shell. Significant discoveries include parts of inscribed funerary stelae, fragments of 16 figurines (six of which come from the area of the stone semi-circle over the road), two bronze coins, and a bronze ring. Only slight traces of the road were found for the remaining 20m in the west of the area investigated: in two places cuttings in the rock surface reveal the course of the wall to the western point where the road turns and continues (in narrower form and cut into the rock) to the eastern gate in the city wall. Prospection among the thick vegetation and collapsed blocks of the city wall revealed the line of the road up to the east gate. Cleaning of the area south of tombs 4 and 50 revealed a further orthogonal rock-cut tomb (95) with three white limestone cover-slabs (Fig. 14). This tomb had been robbed: it contained one burial with some 30 small Hellenistic vessels of know local types (lamps, unguentaria, aryballoi etc.) and a bronze coin, which presumably constitute a fraction of the original offerings. A total of 95 tombs has now been discovered. These were cleaned to remove fill from those previously excavated and enable new plans and photographs to be made.

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Kechrinia, Valtou (Mega Vouni). The ΛΣτ’ ΕΠΚΑ reports the discovery of a Mycenaean tholos tomb on a small plateau in the foothills of Mega Vouni.  The tomb was oriented northwest-southeast. The chamber was 3.4m in diameter and preserved to a height of 1.65m (Figs 1-2): the 3.5m-long dromos (of which only a small part close to the chamber was excavated) was covered by slabs.The chamber was corbelled, and the vault had collapsed leaving the interior full of construction material. The maximum preserved height is 1.65m. The floor was covered in small river pebbles: on it was a very small quantity of pottery and bone. The contents of the chamber were in complete disarray, making it impossible to identify individual burial assemblages. A large quantity of pottery was collected (mostly sherds rather than more complete vessels): the quality of the fabric is poor, most vessels undecorated, with traces of paint or decoration preserved in very few cases. While most vessels were wheelmade, there are a few examples of handmade ware. Most vessels date to LH IIIA1, when the most typical shapes are small squat alabastra (FS 84), squat jugs (FS 87), and jugs (FS 105 and 110). Piriform jars and three-handled jars, as well as rounded alabastra, represent a later use phase (LH IIIA2-B).  A kater sherd (FS 7) dates to LH IIIB. The decorative repertoire was very limited: concentric circles on the alabastra, one instance of rock pattern, cross hatching, and on one squat jug (FS 87), a spiral (FM 51). Few examples date to LH IIIA2-B: small stirrup jars, large kylikes, alabastra (round and squat), and pirifiorm jars. Very little pottery dates to LH IIIC: a krater with painted decoration, a two-handled round alabastron and a tripod vessel.  The little handmade pottery, while hard to date, falls into two categories: imitations of Mycenaean forms (dippers and jugs), and local coarseware (cups, pithoid vessels with pointed bases, and chytra-like forms). The tripod vessels and dippers show connections with Kephallonia, while the handmade wares have more general connections with Epirus. At least three kalathos-like vessels are of a rare form likely continuing from Middle Helladic.  The tomb also contained three spindle whorls, three nuggets of bronze, and pieces of chipped stone tools. The tomb belongs to the northwest Greek group, where tombs are relatively small and the covered dromos leads directly into the chamber without further architectural embellishment.  Analogous examples have been found at Ag. Ilias (Ithoria), Palaiomanina, Loutraki, and Kiperi near Parga.  

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Stratos. The ΛΣτ’ ΕΠΚΑ reports the discovery of part of the west cemetery of the city. The graves are mostly cists (Fig. 1) with a very few tile graves, contained rich goods, and mostly date to the fourth-third century BC (Figs 2-3).

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Naupaktos. The ΛΣτ’ ΕΠΚΑ reports the following discoveries. At Arvala, a fortified site was found ca. 200m north of the medieval kastro (Fig. 1). The fortification, which includes one corner tower and two gates, has the same construction of the main city circuit and is likely contemporary with it. 1st Public School: part of a Roman complex was investigated, comprising two buildings (K1 and 2). (Fig. 2). The larger, Κ2, which was rebuilt in the fourth century AD, had at least nine rooms, most with geometric floor mosaics. The most important room was likely use for cult purposes and contained fragments of sculpture and marble revetments and decorative inlay (crustae) from the walls (Fig. 3). Xenia hotel: the southeast corner of the city fortification was found. Cemeteries: major portions of the ancient cemeteries, especially the west cemetery, have been excavated. Through the west cemetery ran the main road leading to the west of the city, with funerary monuments, Macedonian type tombs and simpler graves alongside it. Wealthy graves mostly of the Hellenistic period were excavated, but attention is drawn to the use of the area for burial (inhumations in pithoi) from the second half of the ninth century onwards (Fig. 4).

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Naupaktos, Plastira Street. (Figs 1-3). The 22nd EBA reports the discovery of the southern part of a Byzantine public bath which occupied the entire excavation plot, continuing east under Plastira Street and north into the property of the brothers I. Perati.   In the east part of the complex was a cistern, and immediately to the east of it the caldarium and hypocaust with its square brick pillars. The wall which linked the caldarium with the cistern had two brick arched openings. Το caldarium had two interconnecting rooms, a floor paved with large slabs of off-white schist, hot air channels within the walls, and low brick built benches around the walls covered in plaster to which marble revetments had evidently been fixed. A doorway in the northwest corner of the second room of the caldarium led into the apodyterium which extends beneath Plastira Street to the east. The frigidarium continues below an old house. The open-air part of the bath occupied the southern part of the plot. A built water channel ran west-east: many square grey schist flooring slabs were also found. Finds indicate that the bath remained in use for a very long time: a large quantity of Byzantine glazed pottery was found, with post-Byzantine, 15th- to 17th-century wares in the upper levels.

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Naupaktos, Kastro. The 22nd EBA reports on excavation on the second and top tier of the Kastro, and at the church of Prophitis Ilias (Figs 1-2).  Excavation east of the church apse revealed the walls of an Ottoman sacred precinct, the south wall of which corresponded to the south wall of the church. The entrance to the main part of the precinct was via a door in the centre of the curved northwest side, aligned with the mihrab.  The southeast wall of a second smaller, curved precinct was also found, touching the southern part of the apse. The side walls coincide with the walls of the church, and a small internal mihrab can just be made out, half destroyed by the apse of the church.  The foundations of the Byzantine church were also discovered. Trial trenches had revealed parts of a marble floor only 0.05-0.10m below the floor of the larger sanctuary. The east side of the church, which was founded on bedrock, had been destroyed down to its foundations, but traces of the three apses on the east side (three-sided on the exterior and semi-circular on the interior) were found. Excavation on the north and south sides of the church revealed evidence of the long walls of the Byzantine church. On the west side were the three main entrances to the church. In the north and south nave, exactly 4m from the east end, lay the marble stylobate for the Byzantine marble templon. The plan indicates that the church was a three-aisled, wooden-roofed Middle Byzantine basilica. It had at least two building phases, and the quality of construction is reflected in the marble paving in the north and south nave and in the relief marble revetments which the Ottomans used to pave the entrance path to the mosque.   

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