IERAPETRA. – Almyros - 2007
Tomb - Figurine - Lamp - Numismatics - Tools/weapons - Dress and personal ornament - Metal - Bone - Stone - Glass - Cemetery
Type of Operation
Almyros, Dialektakis plot. V. Apostolakou (ΚΔ'ΕΠΚΑ) reports on continued excavations at the Dialektakis plot near the Almyros river, which began in 2002. Rain initially revealed cist and shaft graves. A layer of stones, tiles, ceramics and non-articulated skeletal material was removed to facilitate the excavation of the graves. M. Kyriakaki supervised the excavation.
- Tomb 33: 0.86m in depth, oriented East-West, revealed and damaged by water. Articulated skeletal material was found. The grave contained a lamp containing a bronze pin and the base of a glass vessel.
- Tomb 44: in the northern part of section Δ, oriented E-W, depth 0.75m. Skeletal material was found but no grave goods.
- Tomb 35: a cist tomb, in the northern part of section Δ, oriented N-S. Part of a neck-handled amphora, head of an iron nail, and a piece of a stone column were found during cleaning. Articulated skeletal material was found in the grave and a loom weight and bronze pin were found with the bones. Two bone pins, two iron nails, a lamp and the lid of a stone vessel were also found.
- Tomb 36 (Fig. 1): in the northern part of the plot. The limits of the grave could not be determined. Craniums from five individuals were found, apparently of different ages and sexes, oriented E-W, interred alongside one another. Offerings included two lamps, an astralagus, a lead sheet, bronze pins and nails, bronze sheets, a bone pin and three bronze coins. After removal of the bones, the lower level of a tile tomb (Tomb 42) was revealed.
- Tomb 37: this was identified but not investigated due to time constraints. Shells were collected from the area of the tomb and are possibly associated with it.
- Tomb 38: in the northern part of section Δ, oriented N-S, looted. Three successive burials were identified in the tomb. Offerings included a loom weight, many bone pins, a lamp, two bronze coins, an amphora fragment and another vessel in which was found a broken glass vessel.
- Tomb 39: in the northern part of section Δ, oriented E-W. Decayed bones of two individuals. Grave goods included bone pins, a piece of a lamp, a bronze pin and a bronze coin.
- Tomb 40 (Fig. 2): a tile tomb, oriented N-S, in the northern part of section Δ. The northern narrow side had been closed with a lekanis, while the tiles of the long side were supported with field stones. The tomb was undisturbed with sufficient grave offerings to accompany the inhumations: four glass vessels (two of which were in a poor state of preservation), a silver finger-ring with jewel, a bronze mirror, bone pins, bronze and iron nails, a piece of bronze tweezers, clay lamps, a terracotta head of Silenus, a small terracotta mask, a piece of lead, pieces of glass birds and a bronze pin.
- Tomb 41: cist tomb, 50% preserved, at the eastern end of section Δ, oriented E-W. Stones supported the tiles. Articulated but incomplete skeletal material and a bone needle were found.
- Tomb 42: cist tomb, oriented E-W, containing three successive burials and 36 skeletons (articulated but friable and decayed). A bronze coin was found in a skull in the first burial. A second burial was found beneath the first, the skull of which also contained a bronze coin. A third burial below the second contained a clay vessel and lamp. The cranium was absent from the individual in this burial.
- Tomb 43: located in the northwestern extension to the area north of area Δ, oriented E-W. A piece of a large vessel protected the skull of the inhumation. Bones accumulated from an unknown number of burials were also found. Grave goods included two broken vessels, a piece of a stone stele, a piece of a glass vessel, and two bronze coins.
- Tomb 44: Adjacent to tomb 40, oriented E-W, looted. A few fragments of tile and some structural stones. Articulated but incomplete skeletal remains were found.
- Tomb 45: between tombs 40 and 44, oriented E-W, limits not identified. Only the leg bones of an individual were recovered; the remaining skeletal material appears to have been destroyed during construction of the tomb. A small jar accompanied the burial.
- Tomb 46: northwest of tomb 40. Articulated skeletal remains with skull, accompanied by a jar, a bowl, a lamp, and two glass vessels.
- Tomb 47: abutting tomb 40. Leg bones were recovered, probably associated with earlier burials destroyed by the construction of tile-tombs.
- Tomb 48: work began to the west of probable tomb 48, where bones from a knee and pelvis were discovered, perhaps representing a random scatter. No tomb was identified, so the number 48 was assigned to the most important bones (skull, parts of upper limbs). A bronze coin was found beneath the skull.
ADelt 62 (2007) 1224-1226
Date of creation