ATHENS - 2004
Type of Operation
Ministry of Culture and Tourism: Γ' ΕΠΚΑ
Pedestrianization of Aiolou Street. O. Zachariadou (Γ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of the west continuation of the ancient Athenian fortifications, which were investigated in 1973-4 on National Bank property at the junction of Aiolou and Sophokleos. All the elements of the fortification were revealed: the wall, its inner circuit road, the proteichisma, the ditch with its retaining walls, and the outer circuit road (Fig. 1).
The wall (4.1m long, 0.4-0.56m wide) was damaged by later building: only one course is preserved of three limestone rectangular blocks oriented east-west and founded in the schist bedrock.
The inner circuit road was found parallel to, and just north of the wall. Preserved to a length of 3.4m and a width of 8.6m, three road surfaces were found damaged by several pits and a well, with two Roman terracotta pipes and a robbed tomb in the top surface.
The proteichisma, 3.38m long, and preserved to five courses (1.3-2.2m high) of conglomerate blocks founded in schist, lay 3.1m north of the wall.
The ditch and its retaining wall lay 9.91-10.12m north of the proteichisma. Inside the ditch was a Late Roman cistern.
The outer circuit road north of the ditch and oriented east-west, was preserved to a length of 3.18m and a width of 2.37m. It was bounded to the south by a ditch, while the north retaining wall or bank was not found.
AD 56-59 (2001-2004) Chr., 268.
Date of creation