KAMARA - 2007
Tomb - Hearth/Kiln/Oven - Numismatics - Tools/weapons - Dress and personal ornament - Metal - Bone - Stone - Glass - Cemetery - Building Type - Find Type - Material Type - Site Type
Type of Operation
Ministry of Culture & Tourism (ΚΕ' ΕΠΚΑ; 28th ΕΒΑ)
Kamara. G. Fandakis (ΚΕ' ΕΠΚΑ) reports on excavations in 2007 within the late Christian cemetery east of Kissamos (Fig. 1). Six broadly fifth- to seventh-century AD cist graves were recovered at the east (Figs 2-3), of which two were undisturbed (tombs 1 [Fig. 4] and 4). These are built of large slabs (three per side) held in place with smaller stones, and with three to four limestone cover slabs covered with thick layers of strong plaster: the floors are mostly earthen, though tomb 6 (Fig. 5) contained two large tiles. The undisturbed graves contain supine inhumations and a few grave goods which may be more closely dated to the fourth to early fifth century AD - a hoop ring (Fig. 6) with a little gilding, a whorl (Fig. 7) and a distaff hook (Fig. 8), and a lightly decorated bone pin (Fig. 9).
Traces of a structure with at least two building phases (Figs 10-11) were found 7m to the southwest. The first phase consists of two walls, with five Late Roman coins dating the construction: a thick destruction layer contained tiles and nails from the roof. Against the north wall was a pithos base (Fig 12) and, close by, one coin of Arcadius (Figs 13-14) and a second (Figs 15-16) of a member of the dynasty of Constantine the Great (third- to fourth-century AD). A Venetian tornesello (Figs 17-18) was introduced in later disturbance. A bronze surgical probe (Fig. 19) with cast linear decoration is of fourth- to seventh-century AD date. Later in the Early Byzantine phase, further walls extended the building to the east: to this phase belong coins (Figs 20-21) of the second year of Heraclius’ reign and of Constans IV (Figs 22-23). A sixth- to seventh-century bronze hemispherical, legged censer (Fig. 24) with simple decoration was also retrieved.
A small semicircular kiln (Fig. 25) was recovered southwest of tomb 6, built from re-used stone blocks. A small hearth built from a pot base and many large tiles was also found: metal sheet and plentiful slag suggest a connection with metalworking. Mostly domestic pottery was recovered, dating first to the third to fourth century AD, and then with plentiful sixth- to seventh-century AD material with simple linear decoration (Fig. 26). Other finds include fragments of glass vessels (Figs 27-28), especially stemmed cups, of the fourth to sixth century AD, and 27 bronze coins which date mostly to the fourth to fifth century AD.
AEK 1 (2010), 732-44
Date of creation