Chronique des fouilles en ligne
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Dernières notices ajoutées par région : Macédoine de l'Ouest
En 2005 et 2006, à l’occasion des travaux de construction de la voie Egnatia à l’extrémité Sud du nome de Grévéna, une prospection et deux fouilles de sauvetage ont été menées dans la région des villages de Prionia, Véloni et Kallithéa. Huit sites antiques ont été repérés dont deux étaient déjà connus. La fouille au lieu-dit Ivani (ou Prionia 1) n’a donné que des vestiges épars (restes de four, céramique, fragments de vases en bronze) appartenant à un habitat et une nécropole d’époque hellénistique. Au lieu-dit Paliomonastiro, la fouille a mis au jour les vestiges de deux bâtiments voisins, d’époque hellénistique, qui suivent une orientation différente et sont constitués de plusieurs pièces. Du côté Est des bâtiments et associés à ceux-ci, deux fours céramiques de plan circulaire (diam. 2 m environ) ont été explorés. Enfin, deux groupes de trois tombes à fosse, découvertes à proximité, sont postérieures aux bâtiments et datent sans doute d’époque romaine.

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En 2006, on a achevé les travaux de mise en valeur du site de la ville hellénistique de Florina, située au Sud de la ville moderne, sur les terrasses du versant Nord de la colline d’Aghios Pantéléimon. Ce site est désormais un site archéologique organisé, avec clôture, entrée gardée, chemins pour la visite, espaces de repos et panneaux d’information (fig. 1-2).

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Argos Orestikon (Diocletianoupolis). Ch. Tsoungaris and G. Tsokas (ΚΘ' ΕΠΚΑ and Aristotelian University, Thessaloniki) report on archaeological and geophysical investigation in the area of Argos Orestikon, aiming to locate the structure at which the inscribed base of an honorific statue of Claudius was erected. The lines of major constructions close to the Byz centre, but on a different alignment from Byz buildings, are noted: these likely belong to the Rom city. Trial trenches in one location 300m S of the previous excavation area revealed part of a Rom structure built of fieldstones and more than 300m l. E−W. Its size suggests a significant public building.

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Dispilio. G. Stavridopoulos and T. Sianos report on excavation to trace the peribolos wall of the settlement, already known to extend along the N side of the island parallel with the lake shore. Two areas were investigated to trace its course to the W and N. Excavation at the W end of previous trials showed that the wall turned S and continued to the SW tip of the island, though differing in its construction both with the N wall and internally along its length. A further wall, not part of the peribolos, measures ca. 50m l. x 2−2.3m w. and is oriented N−S. C14 dates from burnt debris on the E side of the main wall are awaited. Neo pottery from a trial trench in the middle of the wall line gives a tpq for its construction. Trial trenches in the S and SE of the island located traces which may belong to the peribolos and require further investigation. Currently, the securely identified sections of peribolos indicate a l. of ca. 201m, increasing to ca. 360m if it continued to form a complete circuit. Among the small finds are a large number of coins dating from the Byz period onwards, with many Ot and mod. Among PH finds are many stone and flint tools, stone weights, loomweights, 2 bronze items and a headless figurine.

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Kleidi. A. Strati and A. Sinakos (16th EBA) report on the rescue excavation of part of a LRom- ECh cemetery (M3rd−M4th Ct AD) in an area threatened by lignite mining. The adjacent settlement, next to the via Egnatia, produced Rom to post-Byz pottery on the surface. Within a single 20 x 20m trench, 15 graves were found − 12 pits and 3 cists. The dead were laid out in N−S orientation, accompanied by many grave goods including trefoil-mouthed oinochoai, bronze jewellery and coins. In addition to Charon’s obol, hoards of 20−25 coins were found in certain cases, placed in the area of the head or the chest. Seven pits were also found. 20m S of the excavated area, a trial trench contained further human bones, tiles, sherds of wheelmade vessels, a loomweight and an iron object. Excavation here was abandoned for safety reasons.

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Ilarion dam. G. Karamitrou-Mendesidi (Director, Λ' ΕΠΚΑ) reports on research in the area due to be flooded for this dam. Surface survey revealed a further 7 sites (bringing the total known to 20), at 3 of which trial trenches produced significant results. At Longas (Elati) trenches opened in the known LBA−EIA and Hel settlement produced remains of buildings and other finds from all these periods. In addition to PH handmade pottery (mostly from storage vessels), finds include 2 rings (one with a female figure on the bezel), bronze sheet, iron nails, 21 loomweights, part of a clay sealing, 3 pestles, part of a hand-mill and stone tools. Just below the hill, illegal excavation had revealed cist tombs: this area was not investigated further as it is not scheduled to be flooded. No further information was uncovered to confirm the provenance of the 13th−12th Ct BC Myc bronze sword said to come from this site. At Gefyra (Panagia) remains of Hel buildings were discovered (a hearth and part of a floor, plus a destruction deposit), as well as handmade Macedonian matt-painted pottery of the LBA. At Keramario (Paliouria) sections of a large cemetery on 2 hills were excavated: graves on the E hill are Ar and Cl, while those on the W are Cl−LCl (mostly 4th Ct). 30 burials were excavated on the E hill, all but one of which had been looted: apart from one cremation, all were inhumations in pit graves. They contained weapons (spearheads, arrowheads and knives), jewellery, pottery, clothing accessories and cosmetic items similar to those in the cemeteries of Aiane, noting the presence of ‘local’ pottery (possibly from Aiane). In addition to 2 bronze bowls, sheet bronze in 10 further tombs indicates the presence of bronze cooking vessels. On the W hill were 33 burials (of which 3 were unlooted) containing 33 pots (mostly local), a bronze jug and kantharos, weapons, jewellery (including 3 electrum beads and 2 silver earrings) and other accessories. Two bronze mouth-pieces probably come from leather aryballoi, similar to finds from Aiane. Each grave was marked by one or more stones. The presence of earlier finds (a figurine, for example, and a skyphos of the L6th Ct) likely indicates destroyed Ar tombs. In addition, surface remains are noted at the following sites: Ag. Kyriaki (Paliouria) Neo−EBA settlement (handmade pottery, stone tools); Sioutsa Rema (Dimitra) BA handmade pottery and stone tools; Megas Ai-Giorgis (Dimitra) (a known Ar−Rom site) BA handmade pottery and stone tools; Keramario (Paliouria) BA handmade pottery; Ag. Konstantinos (Dimitra) (a known Hel−Rom site) spolia of an earlier church built into the church of Ag. Konstantinos, a Byz cemetery (revealed in illegal excavation) and surface finds of PH, mostly EBA, handmade pottery; Mikro Karperou a cist tomb cemetery of uncertain date. Trenches opened at Gorna Tsapa, Parakoustis and Plaka produced only a very little BA handmade pottery plus some wheelmade sherds.

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Kastri (Polyneri/Alatopetras). S. Drougou (Aristotelian University, Thessaloniki) reports  on continuing excavation on the acropolis, focusing on the area immediately W of the temple. The W wall of the temple was shown to have had strong foundations, even though much of the superstructure was likely burnt in the mod. lime kiln found just outside it. Inside the wall was a layer with much roof tile. An extensive burnt layer dating to the L4th Ct BC was uncovered just to the W of the W wall, continuing along its length. This contained many bg and plainware sherds, and fragments of metal items, and should be connected with the temple walls of the same date. A small Hel (3rd Ct) building was erected on top of this layer. Its function remains unclear, but the tile layer over it indicates that it was destroyed in the 2nd Ct BC as part of the general destruction on the acropolis. The area between the temple and the Hel building produced a large quantity of animal bone, especially in the burnt layer, along with numerous sherds. The extent of this pyre has not yet been traced. In the NW corner of the temple, which is founded on bedrock, foundations were located which appear to be extensions of the N and W temple walls and which require further investigation. Among portable finds, the large quantity of bg pottery characteristic of the first, 4th Ct, phase consists largely of small kylikes and kantharoi. Some have workshop stamps (ΠΑΡΑΝΙΚΑΣ for example). Notable among the portable finds is an ink-well type lamp, coins (including one of Alexander) and a fragment of a bronze strip 0.1 x 0.6m, from the L4th Ct burnt layer, bearing part of a punched votive inscription: ] ΟΝΙΚΑΝΙΣΙΘ[ ] ΕΙΝΗΣΗΝΙΟΧΟΣΔΕΑΠΙΧΙΩ [ ] ΑΝΔΙΑΛΕΙΜΑΡΤΥΡΑΣ [ ] ΩΝΠΡΓ [

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Siastista-Krystallopigi section of the Kozani-Kastoria road. G. Karamitrou-Mendesidi (Director, Λ' ΕΠΚΑ) reports on the results of excavation at 15 locations along the course of this road, which produced mostly LNeo−EBA and Hel pottery. Finds of palaeontological significance include mastodon remains from Pera Raches (Kaloneri). Fuller reports are provided for 2 sites. At Stavros (Mikrokastro), a small excavation (ca. 1,025m2) within this known PΗ and Cl−Hel walled site produced remains of LBA−EIA settlement, with much handmade and wheelmade pottery (and a Rom coin). At Kryopigadi (Aliakmon), LNeo−EBA settlement levels were excavated on 2 hills, noting also remains of Macedonian matt-painted pottery of the LBA. A LNeo−EBA pile-dwelling was discovered beneath an extensive destruction level containing burnt construction material (wattle and daub). Sherds were gathered from an area of ca. 770m2, together with 20 anchor-shaped figurines, stone and bone implements, loomweights and 4 spindle-whorls. Hel levels near the surface had been severely disturbed by levelling. Three unlooted Rom pit graves were excavated, containing, beside the head and feet, glass vessels, clay pots and 14 bronze coins which date the burials to the 4th Ct AD.

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Aiane E cemetery. G. Karamitrou-Mendesidi (Director, Λ' ΕΠΚΑ) reports continued excavation, bringing the total of graves discovered here to 174. In 2006, 9 rows of pits, dug into bedrock and oriented NE−SW were found to contain 94 burials (91 inhumations and 3 cremations), only 2 of which survive unlooted. The majority date to the 3rd and 2nd Cts BC, with some from the 4th Ct and some from previous campaigns indicating continuing use into the 1st Ct BC. Bodies were laid in wooden coffins or on biers (represented by quantities of iron nails): with no consistent orientation of the head. In 2 cases (graves 106 and 141), quantities of carbonized material in the grave likely result from funerary rites. There is some evidence that pits were reused: part of a cranium and 2 iron offerings in grave 140, for example, represent an earlier displaced burial. Grave goods, set at the feet, consist mainly of pots, with a limited number of metal objects, notably spearheads set at shoulder level and iron and bronze strigils, as well as jewellery and, rarely, coins. The unlooted male burial in grave 108 was accompanied by an iron spearhead and strigil and 4 pots (a cutaway -necked prochous and 3 drinking vessels − one with no handles − one bolsal and a one-handled vessel of the L4th−E3rd Ct with ΓΕ incised on the body and Β on the base). Grave 140 (also an unlooted male burial) had an iron spearhead and 4 pots (a prochous, 2 skyphoi, of which one is a local bg imitation of an Attic shape, and a L4th Ct local rf askos). The male burial in the robbed grave 139, dated to the M3rd quarter of the 4th Ct, is, together with grave 111 (which contained only a rf hydria), the earliest in the cemetery. It contained an iron spearhead and strigil and 5 Attic pots (a rf askos-strainer, a bolsal, a one-handler, a bowl and a squat lekythos of the E3rd quarter of the 4th Ct). The base of the one-handler is incised ΑΜΜ and the lekythos has a K at the centre base and 10 letters around the edge, of which A, M, Η, Λ, K, and probably N are legible. Two bronze mouths of aryballoi (probably with wooden or leather bodies) are noted from graves 115 and 146. Of a total 89 pots discovered, 34 are skyphoid forms, 15 hydriae (mostly unglazed, with one rf), 10 prochoes and 8 oinochoai, with other forms in smaller numbers. The scarcity of the Macedonian amphora types noted in previous excavations may be due to tomb robbing. A bronze phiale is the only metal vessel preserved. Three bronze rings have on their oval bezels representations of a seated male figure, a griffin and a bird.

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Kleitos. G. Karamitrou-Mendesidi (Director, Λ' ΕΠΚΑ) reports on resumed excavation at a site threatened by lignite mining. A small area in the NE part of the settlement (ca. 1,600m2) was investigated, revealing occupation in LNeo−LBA (with undisturbed EBA deposits) and Hel−Rom times.

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Polymylos (anc. Euia). G. Karamitrou-Mendesidi (Director, Λ' ΕΠΚΑ) reports on renewed site conservation and excavation following the redesign of a major road junction on the Egnatia Odos. Five of the Hel−Rom kilns plus surrounding buildings were conserved in situ and reburied, while the most monumental kiln was removed to the Archaeological Museum of Aiane. A total area of ca. 1,500m2 was excavated, in 2 locations. At the first, trial trenches revealed tombs and the upper part of a marble funerary stele. Two retaining enclosure walls, 4.3m apart and with a stone fill between them, may in part utilize building material from earlier settlement (part of another marble stele was built into the northernmost wall). A LRom date for the construction is confirmed by domestic pottery, loomweights, iron and bronze shafts, bronze sheet and clasps, along with many fragments of glass and 5 coins. These walls were probably built in an attempt to stabilize ground eroded by water run-off. Further W and down-slope, 2 pit graves, belonging to a known ECh to post-Byz cemetery, contained the burials of very small children with no grave goods. In one case, the child was laid on a tile; the other tomb held 2 concentrations of bone. In the 2nd location, further W, were remains of LNeo−EBA settlement, possibly extending into the first phase of the MBA, with much handmade pottery, along with animal bone and stone tools. Hel housing was revealed in the E part of the excavation area. The largest of the 3 preserved rooms contained a large quantity of pottery and animal bone, plus a hearth and in situ pithos which date to a subsequent phase of remodelling. The area to the E was divided into 2 rooms, the N of which produced ca. 30 pots preserved especially in a destruction layer. Storage, food preparation and other daily activities are indicated by storage and cooking vessels, carbonized grain, some 50 loomweights, a stone hand-mill and stone mortars. Ca. 15m E of these rooms was a rubbish pit. Close by was the burial of an adult, with no grave goods. A 19m l. section of water main consisting of clay pipes (one stamped ΝΙΚΑΝΔΡΟΣ) forms part of a supply network fed from springs in the foothills of Mt Vermion. A L3rd−2nd Ct BC date for the use of the complex is indicated by the pottery: after a violent destruction, with extensive evidence of fire, the area was not resettled.

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Perdikkas. G. Karamitrou-Mendesidi (Director, Λ' ΕΠΚΑ) reports on a small rescue excavation at the site of Strana, W of mod. Perdikkas, prior to the installation of a pylon within this Neo settlement. Pottery of the E, M and LNeo was discovered, along with animal bones and stone tools. A small stone object of uncertain date, with relief figures (humans, horses and a dog) on all 4 sides, was found on the surface at the Gypedo (stadium) site on the W edge of Perdikkas, along with LBA handmade pottery.

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À Pentavrysso, Ch. Tsouggaris (XVIIe éphorie des antiquités préhistoriques et classiques) a poursuivi en 2006 la fouille du champ 307, où l’on avait recueilli des fragments d’un pavement de mosaïque. On a mis au jour les vestiges en fondation de trois murs appartenant à un bâtiment de l’époque protobyzantine, d’après la base de colonne du Ve s. apr. J.-C. provenant du champ voisin, ainsi que des fondations de deux autres murs de construction moins soignée, dans la construction desquels on a remployé des fragments de pavement de mosaïque datés du IIIe-IVe s. apr. J-C. Dans un sondage situé à 250 m vers l’Ouest, on a mis au jour l’angle d’un autre bâtiment. Les niveaux sur lesquels il est fondé, de même que les niveaux inférieurs, comportent de la céramique de l’époque hellénistique et romaine. Ces découvertes permettent de confirmer l’existence d’un habitat occupé au moins entre le IIe s. av. J.-C. et le IIe s. apr. J.-C.

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À la forteresse médiévale de Servia, A. Petkos (11e éphorie des antiquités byzantines) a effectué en 2006 des sondages contre le rempart de l’acropole, dans le cadre de travaux de restaurations du monument. Sur le rempart Ouest de l’acropole, un sondage a révélé l’existence d’une tour triangulaire, plus ancienne que le rempart. Contre le parement interne et externe du rempart Nord, on a dégagé des structures en terre, datées de l’époque médiobyzantine ou un peu après. A l’extrémité orientale du rempart Nord, on a dégagé l’angle Nord-Est du rempart, et le départ du rempart Sud. Au même endroit et à l’extérieur, on a mis au jour une tour contemporaine à la phase de construction initiale du rempart. Au niveau de la courtine Sud du rempart, contre le parement interne, enfin, on a dégagé un escalier, partiellement conservé.

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AVERTISSEMENT
La Chronique des fouilles en ligne ne constitue en aucun cas une publication des découvertes qui y sont signalées.
L'EfA et la BSA ne peuvent délivrer de copie des illustrations qui y sont reproduites et dont ils ne détiennent pas les droits.