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Après l’achèvement de la fouille près de la Porte sacrée, la campagne de 2005, dirigée par W.-D. Niemeier (DAI) et T. Mattern (université de Marburg), avait pour objectif d’élucider certaines questions importantes dans deux secteurs précis : a) sur la Voie sacrée, au Nord-Ouest de la Porte sacrée et b) dans l’entrée, à côté du mur de courtine Sud-Est.   Dans le premier secteur, on a poursuivi l’examen des niveaux de la Voie sacrée liés aux diverses phases de construction de celle-ci. Sous le niveau de la 2e phase de la Voie Sacrée, on a repéré la surface intacte de la chaussée construite par Thémistocle en 479-478 av. J.-C., qui correspond à la 1re phase de la Porte sacrée. Au-dessous, on a rencontré une couche de pierres (ép. 30 cm) et une couche de nivellement en argile rouge qui contenait de la céramique de la fin du VIIIe au début du Ve s. provenant de tombes détruites par les Perses. Sept blocs noyés dans l’argile, dont cinq provenant de monuments funéraires archaïques, faisaient suite aux sculptures découvertes en 2002 et étaient donc destinés à renforcer le niveau de fondation sous la chaussée de Thémistocle. Au-dessous de cette fondation, on a repéré la couche de destruction perse avec des traces de feu. Dans le second secteur, on a repéré une structure rectangulaire que le 1er état du mur de courtine a soigneusement évitée en obliquant légèrement vers le Nord-Est ; sa façade (long. 15 m) était tournée vers la Voie sacrée. Cette structure (Y), dont le long mur Nord-Est était construit en appareil polygonal, était fondée sur une structure plus ancienne dont le long mur Nord-Est était aussi en appareil polygonal mais de construction moins soignée. Il semble que la structure primitive était un enclos funéraire archaïque, emplacement original possible des sculptures trouvées en 2002, comme l’est aussi une construction similaire située à 5 m vers le Nord-Ouest (v. U. Knigge, MDAI(A) 98 [1983], p. 50, fig. 1f). La structure la plus récente était un bâtiment sacré, un oikos, érigé pendant la 1re phase de la Porte sacrée. Il renfermait un bothros qui contenait des ossements d’animaux, de la céramique et des lampes datant du Ve s . av. J.-C. À faible distance (1,30 m) et parallèlement à ce bâtiment, on a partiellement exploré une autre structure, qui donne aussi sur la Voie sacrée et dont la façade est presque entièrement occupée par une baie (2,55 m) ; comme une petite partie seulement de cette structure a pu être fouillée, on ignore sa relation avec l’oikos.

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En 2005, en prévision de la reprise des fouilles dans le secteur mycénien de l’acropole du Vélatouri, une brève campagne préliminaire a été menée sous la direction de R. Laffineur (université de Liège). Elle a eu pour objet la première phase du relevé topographique du Vélatouri, en vue de la réalisation d’un modèle numérique de terrain (MNT) en trois dimensions. La zone concernée est celle de la nécropole située entre les deux collines et sur les pentes basses du petit Vélatouri. Les vestiges dégagés à la fin du XIXe s. et depuis le début des fouilles de la mission belge en 1963 ont aussi été relevés (tombes I, II, IV et V), de manière à pouvoir être intégrés au MNT et au futur SIG du site de Thorikos. Les mesures ont été faites avec la collaboration d’A. De Wulf (université de Gand), assisté de M. Hennau, à l’aide d’une station totale Pentax à visée directe pour la mesure d’un réseau de points distants d’environ 1,5 m ; on a utilisé comme référence le système de coordonnées UTM35. Dans certaines parties de la zone à relever les mesures à la station totale n’ont pas pu être prises à cause d’une végétation trop abondante. Ces parties ne pourront être intégrées au MNT que moyennant un débroussaillement complet, à réaliser au début de la campagne 2006. Les données recueillies feront l’objet d’un traitement informatique approprié dans les logiciels spécialisés, par le Laboratoire d’infographie et de multimédia pour l’histoire de l’art et l’archéologie (LIMA) du service d’histoire de l’art et d’archéologie de la Grèce antique de l’université de Liège. Le modèle numérique ainsi obtenu doit être complété en 2006 et 2007 par des relevés portant sur la zone entourant le grand Vélatouri, entre les cotes 130 et 80, de manière à couvrir toute la zone d’extension probable de l’occupation mycénienne du site. La campagne 2005 a donné aussi l’occasion d’effectuer une prospection systématique de la zone relevée, au terme de laquelle des indices topographiques importants sont apparus, qui permettent d’envisager la présence de tombes supplémentaires d’époque mycénienne ancienne : une portion de ce qui est peut-être un mur de péribole circulaire, immédiatement au Sud-Ouest du péribole de la tombe V; les restes d’un possible enclos funéraire au Sud-Ouest de la Tombe à chambre construite II ; une portion de mur de péribole circulaire et ce qui est peut-être l’entrée d’un dromos, au Sud-Ouest du « bothros » dégagé par V. Stais à la fin du XIXe s. ; une possible entrée de dromos au Sud de la Tombe II. La réalité de ces éléments doit être précisée au cours de sondages limités à exécuter en 2006.

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En 2005, les recherches visant à préciser la forme initiale des deux ports antiques de Rhamnonte, situés sur les côtés Est et Ouest de la forteresse et colmatés par les alluvions des torrents, ont été poursuivies par D. Blackman (BSA) en collaboration avec M. Dermintzakis (université d’Athènes). Les travaux, menés sur la terre ferme (prospections géomagnétiques, ouverture de tranchées, carottages) et dans la mer (relevés de vestiges submergés) confirment la présence des deux ports (fig. 1-2).

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En 2005, l’université d’Athènes a lancé un projet de recherche sur cinq ans – 3 ans de prospection et 2 ans de fouilles – sur la colline de Kotroni, qui occupe une place stratégique dans la plaine entre Kapandriti et le lac de Marathon. Des recherches plus anciennes sur la colline, où s’élève aujourd’hui la chapelle de Zoodochos Pighi, avaient montré une occupation continue de l’époque préhistorique à l’époque classique ; on avait en outre identifié ce site avec l’antique Aphidna. Au cours des campagnes 2005 et 2006 on a prospecté le sommet de la colline et son versant Est ; on y a repéré un segment de rempart et un abondant matériel céramique d’époques diverses.

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Athens metro. Excavation for the stations and ventilation shafts of the west extension of Line 3. I. Tsirigoti-Drakotou (Γ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports on extensive excavation conducted between 1997 and 2005 (Fig. 1). For the Theseio shaft, an area of 70m² was investigated between the south side of Ermou street and the archaeological site of the Kerameikos. At a depth of 6.8m lay houses and workshop remains (Fig. 2). In the west and central parts of the excavated area, two rectangular areas, oriented northeast-southwest and defined by walls of conglomerate blocks, show two building phases. At the entrance to the north area, a ritual pyre of the fourth century BC probably belongs to the period of the foundation of the building. In second, Roman, phase, masonry of small unworked stones and cement was added: part of a pebble floor belonging to an exterior space was also found. The function of the structures is unknown. In the eastern part of the plot lay the remains of poorly constructed walls. A potter’s workshop is attested by a concentration of wasters and a kiln, of which the lower part of the firing chamber was preserved (a pit in the centre may have held a pier to support the grill). Geometric-Late Classical pottery was found in the fill. Related to the building is a floor of tile and marble slabs with remains of red clay on the surface. Outside were masses of iron and Classical-Late Roman pottery. Excavation of the Ermou-Peiraios shaft at the junction of these roads revealed a floor, much debris, and Classical to modern sherds. No trace of human activity was found in the entire area (ca. 3500m²) of Votanikos station (which replaced the proposed Kerameikos station after the decision not to pass the tunnel under the archaeological site of the Kerameikos). In the area of the Spyrou Patsi shaft (near the road of the same name and just south of the Sacred Way), was part of one of the many roadside cemeteries along the Sacred Way (Figs 3, 4). The 23 tombs excavated comprised five sarcophagi, seven tile graves, three larnakes, a pyre, and seven pit graves, the majority looted or without goods. The sarcophagi were mainly of limestone and all were robbed, the only finds being a few bones, pieces of strigil, and a bronze mirror. An important find was an unlooted larnax containing two pyxides, two alabastroid lekythoi, and a black-glazed skyphos, all of the end of the fifth century BC. Other finds from the cemetery date to the end of the fifth and the fourth centuries BC. Outside the cemetery to the west, an elongated three-roomed building, oriented north-south, continued beyond the excavation plot. It is probably to be related to a parallel wall found in the middle of the cemetery excavation. The building predates, and is disturbed by, the cemetery, but its function is unclear. In the 230m² area of the Geoponikis shaft to the west, a 9.3m long stretch of the ancient Sacred Way ran east-west, parallel to and a short distance south of the modern road. Its north retaining wall (in various phases) was preserved (Fig. 5) together with at least eight corresponding road layers of the Classical to Late Roman periods. The most recent retaining wall was built of large partly dressed stones and spolia from Classical tomb monuments. Submycenaean-Archaic pottery was found in a section below the foundation of the lowest retaining wall. North of the road were four disturbed tombs without goods. The discovery of the road led to the resiting of the shaft further to the north.   Fills in the area from the Prophitis Daniel shaft until the bridge over the modern Kephisos are very substantial, as observed in previous excavations, this being the wider area of the Kephisos river found in various places east of its present bed. Excavation here revealed part of the ancient Sacred Way and an offering deposit (Figs 6, 7). At a depth of 2.9m was a wall (12.3m long and 0.5-0.6m wide) oriented east-west, with three building phases. The first phase employed an irregular trapezoidal system, interrupted by a threshold; small stones and tile were used in a second phase; and in the final phase the entrance was filled in and rectangular stones laid along the entire length of the wall. The building was destroyed by the river. A 10m long stretch of the Sacred Way was found, running west-east. A surface 5m wide was exposed without locating the southern retaining wall. To this phase belongs a base in the southwest corner of the trench built of well worked blocks in secondary use, including one inscription. Six road layers contained pottery of the Archaic to Late Roman periods. The road was also destroyed by the river. No building remains were found to the north of the retaining wall. The river bed was encountered here at a depth of 5.5m, and at 5.76-6.02m two successive road layers contained Geometric sherds. It is believed that that this is the Sacred Way of the Geometric period, which was destroyed by flooding and moved further south. At the west side of the trench the road was disturbed by a deposit ca. 3m in diameter, containing roof tiles, two heads of Archaic figurines, and many Eleusinian kernoi. The kernoi are specifically related to the worship of Demeter, and this may therefore be a sanctuary deposit (noting that Pausanias [1.37.2] mentions a sanctuary of Demeter and Kore, Athena and Poseidon in this area). Finds date from the Archaic to Late Roman periods. The wall, which later became the north retaining of the road, probably originated as part of the sanctuary peribolos, remains of which were not found in the limited excavation area under investigation. At Elaionas Station (1200m²) remains of workshops and part of a cemetery were revealed (Figs 8, 9). Two walls (14m and 19m long) belong to a peribolos. Sporadic finds of furnace materials (clay, bronze, and lead) and the presence of heaths and fire pits suggest the use of the area as a workshop in the Hellenistic period. In the area of the station entrance, part of a Hellenistic cemetery was found with 14 tombs, mostly cist graves, two of which were built of marble funerary stelai in secondary use, while the remainder were simple pits without goods. Southwest of the area and particularly along the south side, a 6m stretch of rectangular limestone blocks probably belongs to a funerary peribolos or a grave platform. North of this, a funerary peribolos enclosed 10 tile graves mostly without goods (grave 9 contained a small Hellenistic unguentarium). Outside the peribolos were two Hellenistic pit graves and one tile grave. At the eastern ventilation shaft of the station, at a depth of 6.5m, were three stanchions of the bridge over the ancient Kephisos, composed of three series of rectangular marly limestone blocks preserved to a height of four courses (Fig. 10). To the south, in the area of the emergency exit of the station, were the remains of two walls with associated fifth-century BC pottery. At a depth of 8m was a series of probable postholes: Geometric sherds were collected. Excavation of the west ventilation shaft a few metres further west (Figs 11, 12), revealed a possible peribolos (walls of river stones and limestone slabs in secondary use). Parts of large pithoi were found, a circular tile construction in area 1, and some pit pyres, perhaps from a workshop. North of this, the Sacred Way ran east-west for 15m (with a maximum width of 4.5m). Its southern retaining wall was damaged, while the northern wall lies beyond the excavation boundaries. At the Knosou shaft, a short distance from the West shaft, deposits of the Kephisos river were found, plus part of the prehistoric Sacred Way which was abandoned in the Geometric period and moved further south.

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Makrigianni (New Acropolis Museum plot).  S. Eleftheratou (Α’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports on further excavation in the southern section of the plot ahead of the placing of a supporting column for the museum (Fig. 1). The western part of a room (ca. 4 x 5m) off the southeast courtyard of House Θ was investigated; it belonged to the building’s sixth-century AD phase, with walls typical for the period in rough stones with bands of brick and mortar. A Middle Byzantine storage construction removed the floor of the room, but excavation beneath revealed phases from the fifth century BC to the third century AD. In Classical and Hellenistic times, the area consisted of a smaller room (10) and an elongated space to its west (9) (Fig. 2), the north part of which had previously been investigated. The room lies to the south of the vestibule (8) and the andron (7) and communicates directly with them. The southern boundary was outside the excavated area and reconstruction (Fig. 2) is therefore hypothetical. Area 9 probably constituted the main access corridor to the house from the street to the south. The walls of these new areas preserved foundations of dressed limestone blocks in polygonal masonry, which remained in use until the late Hellenistic period when House Θ was destroyed, perhaps during the Sullan sack of 86 BC.  A disturbed tile grave (Figs 1-3) in the corridor of the house contained a few burnt bones, black-glaze sherds (skyphoi, bowls and plates), a small red-figure chous with a depiction of a child, a small lebes, lamps, a stone egg, an iron hook, bronze sheet, a ring, an earring, two pyramidal loom weights, and six bone astragaloi. The burial, probably of a young girl, dates to the last quarter of the fifth century BC, and may provide a terminus post quem for the reorganisation of the area into residential space in the late fifth century.  At the end of the second century or the beginning of the first, a marble and terracotta floor in opus signinum was laid in room 10, with a marble and tile mosaic at the southeast end featuring a star. A first-century BC (perhaps Sullan) destruction layer lay above this floor; above this were packed layers of marble chips from a later workshop. Around the middle of the second century AD, House Θ was rebuilt. It remained in use until the end of the third century, when a destruction layer of stones, bricks, fragments of painted wall-plaster, roof tiles, marble and stone slabs, and much burning, may indicate destruction during the Herulian incursion of 267.  Work on the northwest edge of the plot for the construction of the large entrance stairway to the Museum (Fig. 4) revealed the north continuation of ancient Road II and parts of buildings on either side of it. Unfortunately, the large distance between these walls and the northern part of the main excavation areas did not allow them to be securely assigned to previously excavated structures. The central main drain of Road II - known from other parts of the excavations and disturbed by a large Byzantine incursion - had on its northern side a small wall incorporating an unfluted marble kioniskos, and a headless statue of Artemis of the Colonna type (Fig. 5).  The building line west of the road incorporated a wall probably of the late fourth century BC, which joined a transverse wall forming the northern boundary of a room of uncertain function. The mud-brick superstructure has not survived, but the foundations are of large limestone or conglomerate dressed blocks and rubble. In later Hellenistic times the walls were reconstructed. A clay pipe running to the west probably indicates the position of the entrance onto Road II.  The picture of the east side of the street is quite different: walls of the sixth century AD form a space 2.6m wide (length unknown) with rough and cut stones, zones of brick, and mortar. Fragments of wall-painting inside the room had vertical strips of black on a white background. The floor was not identified, but is estimated to have been ca. 1.2m below the road surface, making the area semi-subterranean. The room was sealed with a destruction layer of the early seventh century AD with evidence of strong burning, containing a marble herm-bust of Aristotle (Fig. 6).    

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Arrephorion. G. Venieri and D. Charalambidis (Α’ ΕΠΚΑ) report. The Arrephorion has long been identified as a rectangular building in contact with the north wall of the Acropolis, with a porch to the south and an enclosed open-air area to the west (Figs 1, 2, 3). In same area, an underground passage of Mycenaean date led to a well on the North Slope (Fig. 4). In 2002 a study for the protection of the monument began with two test trenches inside the structure which revealed a large volume of modern fill above a number of marble architectural fragments apparently deposited after the excavations of Kavvadias and Kawerau (Fig. 5). In 2005 it was decided to re-bury the monument for its protection, necessitating the removal of the fill and stone piles covering the area. The hall’s foundations (8.3 × 4.3m) range from 1.4 to 2m thick, with 17 layers of fill detected, only six of which are securely ancient (four being undisturbed). Dating the walls is hampered by 19th-century trenches which removed much fill inside the room (in places to bedrock), although undisturbed fills were identified below the lower courses of the room’s foundations and the walls of the open area. Fills from the foundations of the transverse wall on the east side of the room date between the fifth and the second century BC, while those in the northwestern corner of the room date from the fourth and third centuries BC.  In total, 2,817 worked stone members and 2,109 amorphous members were recovered from the area, among which a fragment of the Parthenon frieze and two sections of the metopes were identified. In addition, finds of most major groups were discovered: terracotta figurines (Fig. 6), fragments of iron and bronze objects, bone and shell. Among the pottery were fragments of black- and red-figure vases, some of which bear inscriptions (Fig. 7).  

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Acropolis south slope. S. Moschonissioti (Α’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a bronze-casting pit (Chalkourgeion Δ) during cleaning for the construction of protective shelters west of the Asklepeion. The pit is rectangular (length 12m, width unknown) with narrow steps in the northern and southern parts. A test trench at the northern edge of the workshop removed fill with pieces of clay, brick, charcoal, copper, parts of terracotta moulds, and a few sherds (Fig. 1). The ceramics await thorough study, but suggest that the workshop is Classical.

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Stoa of Eumenes. M. Briana (Α’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports that the removal of fill in the 30th arch of the Stoa revealed four layers, which included fragments of terracotta pipe belonging to a system which carried water along the Stoa at the level of the foundations of the piers. A large quantity of coarse and fine ceramics at different levels dated from Hellenistic to post-Byzantine and modern times. Other finds include an intact loomweight and nine marble fragments.  The 38th arch (Fig. 1) was found to incorporate architectural members from other sites on the south slope and wider area, some of which certainly belong to the Asklepieion (Figs 2-3). The pottery collected, among which were many sections of pipeline, covers the Hellenistic to post-Byzantine and modern periods.   

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Athens. Library of Hadrian. A. Spetsieri-Choremi (Α ΕΠΚΑ) reports on excavations in the west peristyle, between the fifth and seventh columns from the north, west of the Othonian steps, where in 2003 and 2004 levels from the surviving portion of the Othonian paved floor to the peristyle of the monument had been removed. The area between the western and eastern ends of the peristyle was excavated where a terracotta floor had previously been revealed (Fig. 1).  Study of the lower courses of the stylobate revealed the euthynteria, consisting of loose material and limestone blocks below the fifth and sixth columns from the north, below the Othonian steps (Fig. 2). The blocks are founded in rubble, stones and mortar (opus incertum) to a total height of nearly 0.55 m. Investigation of the foundations of the toichobate and the marble revetment of the interior of the north wing revealed a section of marble toichobate in situ (Fig. 3).   An 8m-long stretch of the Late Roman walls (Fig. 4) was revealed, consisting of a wall in opus testaceum about 1.7m thick.

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Plaka, Kladou Street. A. Spetsieri-Choremi (Α ΕΠΚΑ) reports that excavations for a drainage channel revealed a wall running southeast-northwest (Fig. 1), 32m from the junction with Brysakiou Street, consisting of two well-carved limestone blocks, probably of Byzantine date. A few glazed sherds were recovered from the overlying layers, and part of the upper torso of a draped female statue (Fig. 2), smaller than life-size in white marble.  

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Tyrtaiou 3 (Chatzidimitriou property).  T. Kokkoliou (Γ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a grave oriented north-south at the southwest edge of the plot (Fig. 1). The north side was built with rough stones and slabs, with a cover of irregular schist slabs and Laconian tiles. The tomb forms part of a double grave sunk into a large trench in the bedrock, separated by a partition wall. The type suggests a date in the Roman period.  

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Neos Kosmos. Junction of Phoivou 2 and Chelidonon (O.T. 54054, Sp. Kremmyda property). T. Kokkoliou (Γ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports on excavation ahead of construction close to the excavated plot of V. Asimomyti at Paraskevopoulou 8, where a total of 47 graves were discovered, mainly from the Late Roman period (Paraskevopoulou Street being the boundary of the Late Roman cemetery of the Kynosarges area). The corner of a building of the Late Roman city was uncovered at the northwest edge of the plot preserving two sections of rooms 4.08m wide. The building extends into the adjacent plot to the south. Pottery from within the rooms dates to the Hellenistic - Roman transition. Partially disturbed rectangular cuttings (almost parallel and oriented north-south) to the east of the building are probably funerary. Fourth- to second-century BC lachrymateria were found within them.

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Vourvachi 20 (property of Arsinoi Ltd). T. Kokkoliou (Γ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the finding of 28 graves of the fourth to sixth centuries AD (Figs 1, 2). The tombs belong to the Late Roman cemetery of the Kynosarges area, part of which had been excavated at the V. Asimomyti plot on Paraskevopoulou 8. The plot lies outside the southwest corner of the Kynosarges Gymnasium uncovered in rescue excavations from the 1970s onwards along Diamantopoulou, Perraivou, and Kokkini Streets. The graves are all rectangular built tombs with brick vaults, and all had been disturbed. Their walls are of rough stones and brick with binding material, and are coated with mortar. Some tombs have stones projecting from the long sides, perhaps for placing lamps. Skeletal remains found in most of the graves were disturbed and from more than one burial. Two cist tombs with vaulted covers were discovered without goods (T26 and T 27). On their east sides, a small rectangular door led to a narrow passage which gave access to the grave during later funerals, when the earlier burials were moved. Tomb 9 had an engraved cross on its eastern narrow side. Grave goods included pottery, lamps, jewellery and coins; the majority of burials, however, lacked offerings and most pottery was unpainted. In summary, all graves are oriented east-west (except T11 which is north-south), as is common with Christian graves. Multiple burials within the same tomb, as shown by accumulations of bones to one side of the tombs, are an early practice which continued through the Late Roman and Early Christian periods, often due to the lack of space in large urban centres. As with other nearby cemeteries, the Late Roman burials were arranged in dense clusters, developing further eastwards than in earlier periods.

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Junction of Lembesi 5-7 and Porinou. †P. Bougia (Γ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of antiquities over the southern part of this plot (Fig. 1), noting that the remaining area was severely damaged by a modern house (now demolished).  Successive building remains of at least four phases date from the Late Geometric period to the fourth century AD. Early Christian tombs were also found in the northwest corner of the plot. • Parts of three rectangular rooms were traced; pottery above the floors dates their final use to the second half of the fourth century AD. The western room contained a destruction layer from the middle of the third century AD, perhaps connected to the Herulian invasion of 267 AD. Vessel types (amphorae, prochoi, lamps, plates) may indicate storage. The western part of the central and largest room produced remains of small walls with fills dominated by Late Geometric pottery (skyphoi, prochoi, amphorae, kraters) but including also Classical, Mycenaean and Submycenaean sherds. A child burial was found among these walls cut into the earth, while in the southern part of the same area, two superimposed Π - shaped walls contained fill of the last quarter of the fourth century BC. At the level of the Late Roman foundation walls of the eastern room, are walls dated to late Hellenistic from the pottery (plates, relief bowls, lamps, and loom-weights). If not a continuation of the Late Roman villa along Makrygianni 19-27, this new complex of rooms is a comparable neighbouring residence.  • Two walls (6 and 10) on the northwest slope of the site may be Classical. • Two disturbed cist graves (II, III), oriented north-south, on the northwest slope were built of brick and mortar, and coated with plaster inside. The accumulated skeletal material (five skulls and other bones) indicates that II housed collected bones. Another tile grave (IV) was truncated at the eastern end.  • Three narrow circular wells with built rims had hydraulic plaster on the interior walls.

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Iosif ton Rogon 8 (P. Argyrokosta plot). T. Kokkoliou (Γ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports on excavation south of the Olympieion, which uncovered what may be part of the fourth-century BC proteichismos, part of a semicircular building, foundations of Hellenistic houses, and part of a Roman imperial water channel (Figs 1, 2). A small section of fortification wall running northwest-southeast was exposed in the eastern part of the plot (length 2.4m, width 1.1-1.2m). The northwest part was destroyed by a Roman channel (see below). The wall is of isodomic masonry with conglomerate boulders preserved to a height of three courses (1.4 - 1.5m).  Almost in the centre of the plot, a curved wall of small and medium sized stones (Fig. 1), dating ca, 300 BC, was preserved to a height of 1.15m. On its west side, a second joining wall was probably a strut. Hellenistic (ca. third-century BC) habitation in the western part of the plot is indicated by rooms containing large numbers of loomweights. A Roman aqueduct-tunnel (length 4.4m, width 2.1, height 2.15 - 2.25m) was built of unworked stones and hydraulic mortar (Fig. 1); sections of it destroyed part of the proteichismos. The pipeline belongs to the Roman Imperial network (second- to third-century AD), sections of which were found in the immediate vicinity on Koryzi 8, but also more generally on both sides of Ilissios, at 4-6 Neri Street, and in the National Gardens.  

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Iosif ton Rogon 9. †P. Bougia (Γ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports on further excavation of the Pythion (Figs 1-3), which revealed fragments of marble bases (some inscribed) of choregic monuments. One carried the fragmentary inscription: […]ΟΣ ΜΝΕΣΑΡΧΟ ΑΧΑΡΝΕΥΣ / [… Ο]ΙΝΕΙΔΙ ΚΕΚΡΟΠΙΔΙ ΠΑΙΔΟΝ / […]ΙΘΑΙΓΕΝΟΣ ΕΔΙΔΑΣΚΕ ( Λ 7538), and commemorated a victorious boys’ chorus at the Thargelia, probably dating to the fifth century BC. The base preserves two elliptical tenons which held two of the tripod legs. Fragments of a cylindrical base (Λ 7540) were found with the cutting for a tripod leg with a lion’s foot. A marble sculpted stele of the late fifth to fourth century BC depicts a young, standing deity wearing a long chiton (probably Apollo).  A rectangular base (Λ 7537) with the inscription: […] ΝΙΚΟΣΤΡΑΤΟ ΕΧΟΡΗΓΕ / [… ΑΚ]ΑΜΑΝΤΙΣ ΕΝΙΚΑ commemorated a victorious choregos from the Dionysia and dates from the early fourth century BC. Another rectangular base (Λ 7541) with a circular cutting on its upper surface carried an inscription in Archaic letters: ΧΑΡΜΙ/ΔΕΣ: ΚΑ/ΛΟΣ, probably a private monument of the fifth century BC. The bases Λ 7537 and 7538 were reused in rough masonry defining a nearly four-sided space (1.3 × 1.1 m) in the southwest of the plot. Clearing of the bedrock in this area revealed two miniature protocorinthian aryballoi and parts of an alabastron, as well as seventh-century BC sherds. Late Geometric and Archaic pottery was noted at several points. The fills across the area contained fifth- and fourth-century sherds, bases of third- to second-century spindle-shaped lachrymateria, and a very large number of sherds of unstamped amphoras.  The plot contained several ancient hydraulic structures, from east to west: a) a 9m-long stretch of terracotta pipe led northeast-southwest in an irregular course, continuing into the adjacent plot. Third- to second-century lachrymateria from the fill postdate its abandonment.  b ) A trench (width 2.3m, max. depth 1.78m, length 3m) was cut into bedrock immediately to the west of the channel. c ) Four shallow circular pits lay to the west of the pipeline, with diameters between 0.7 and 1.35 m.  d ) Remains of a second pipeline were uncovered east of a Roman cistern. Two terracotta lines with an inverted Π section were covered by tiles and founded on rough stonework.  e) The eastern part of a large Roman cistern was located on the western side of the site (visible dimensions: 14.6 × 6m); its west and south parts were lost beneath the neighbouring pavement. Two construction phases were identified: the first,  is represented by an east wall (9) incorporated fragments of limestone blocks, and a floor in opus spicatum. In a second phase, wall (7) divided the cistern in the northern part, while wall (6) immediately to the east widened it slightly. The fills contained mainly fragments of fourth-century AD amphorae and prochoi (some with lines), apparently unrelated to the cistern which must have gone out of use by this time. Later walls (1, 2, 8) and bothroi were then added.   

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41 Erechtheiou Street (St. Dendrinou plot). †P. Bougia (Γ ΕΠΚΑ) reports that excavation in the southwest part of this plot revealed a built channel and poorly preserved walls of the Geometric, Classical and Hellenistic periods.  The only building remains of the Geometric period are a wall of rough stones (visible length 1.7-2.1m; width 0.25-0.8m). Four classical walls towards the east of the plot varied in height from 0.12- 0.32m and in length from 1.5-1.7m. Three walls of a Hellenistic room were preserved to a length of ca 3.27m , width 0.5m and height 1.22m, and were of polygonal masonry filled in with smaller stones, forming a room which appears to extend southwards into the neighbouring plot. Pottery collected from the interior dated to the 2nd century BC. Find are mainly domestic in nature – terracotta loom weights and metal objects. The pottery included black glaze sherds and part of a mid fourth-century BC plastic trefoil oinochoe. Fragments of a plank-shaped figurine, part of a terracotta animal figurine, the head of a Tanagra figurine, and part of the torso of a male figurine were also found.   

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46 Erechtheiou Street. †P. Bougia (Γ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a damaged anthemion stele and part of a kioniskos during the demolition of walls. Further investigation revealed the foundations of the north part of a peristyle courtyard with a cistern at the northeast edge, and sections of rooms around it. The corner of a strong Late Roman wall was also found, plus fragments of a wall and water channel.   The lower foundation courses of the south end of a large house were identified in the northwest of the plot, with an entrance and adjacent staircase to the first floor. Part of a peristyle courtyard lay to its south, and sections of areas to the east and west of the courtyard, all built with architectural spolia. A destruction layer contained numerous fragments of wall paintings, bronze coins of the 2nd-1st centuries BC, and pottery of the late 1st century BC. A cistern had been cut into the northeast corner of the courtyard, its mouth covered by a T-shaped block.  The corner of a strong wall of squared blocks in the southwest part of the plot may belong to the southwest continuation of the late fourth- or early fifth-century AD so-called ‘House of Proclus’:  if not it must be associated with a second Late Roman urban villa excavated in 1955 by Miliadis immediately to its west.   

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15 Misaraliotou Street. †P. Bougia (Γ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery in the eastern corner of this property of a cistern (2.95 × 2.14m), 3.02m beneath the modern street level. Material found in secondary use included a marble grave stele. The bottom of the cistern was lined with fragments of tiles in hydraulic mortar. Sherds of unpainted amphorae and smaller West Slope vessels were recovered from the fill above the floor.  A well was also investigated with a terracotta stomion and an inner diameter of 1.27 m.  

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5 Dionysiou Areopagitou Street. †P. Bougia (Γ ΕΠΚΑ) reports on excavation of numerous Middle Byzantine (11th- to 12th-century AD) silos at a depth of 3.16m below the modern road. Such storage structures abound in this area. Previous investigation on the neighbouring plot to the west had revealed an apsidal triclinium and parts of other urban villas built in the late fourth century AD and in use until the early seventh century.  Sizeable silos were found sunk into the ruined walls of rooms of a Late Roman villa, itself established over a destruction layer of an earlier Roman building of the late fourth century AD, from which is preserved a hypocaust (the support pillars of rounded terracotta tiles and the brick floor), a well, and a room for food preparation. Pottery, intact lamps, wall painting fragments and coins corroborate the historical sequence. It appears that the bath occupied the entire southern area of the plot. A series of four strong masonry bases 2m apart were found, with traces of the beginning of brick arches: plan and masonry suggest that these are blind arches, often found as niches in the changing rooms of baths in the Late Roman period.   

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Junction of 10 Thalou, Pittakou and Goura Streets. O. Zachariadou and K. Papagiannakis (Γ ΕΠΚΑ) report on excavation of this 960 m2 plot in 2 sectors divided by a north-south Byzantine wall (9) (preserved length 14m).  The oldest finds are Mycenaean (LH IIIC), with perhaps a few Submycenaean sherds from a well. Above the bedrock were Geometric (ninth- to seventh-century) sherds, and there was a series of cuttings in the bedrock for a Geometric cemetery (including two child graves).  Traces of Late Roman and Byzantine habitation included remains of walls of stones, tiles and architectural members. Fifteen Byzantine storage silos and three pithoi gave a picture of the use of this area.  At the southeast of plot, a wall (14) of boulders was preserved to two courses: the lower was probably from a large Late Classical building, while the upper formed a corridor with wall 16 and had three successive layers of painted wall plaster. The structure was probably a workshop, with traces of much burning inside. Small finds include Geometric and Classical figurines, marble sculpture fragments and architectural members (mostly Roman), bronze coins, loom weights, bone tools and Late Roman terracotta lamps.   

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4 Xenophontos Street. O. Zachariadou, E. Giatroudaki, and K. Papagiannakis (Γ ΕΠΚΑ) report on excavations for the construction of the new Cypriot embassy. Mycenaean and Late Geometric sherds were collected from the deepest levels of the excavation, but no building remains of these periods were identified.   Two successive road layers were uncovered, with traces of wheel ruts and Classical and Geometric pottery.  Road I (length 22m, width 5.36m) had 11 surface layers dating from the early Hellenistic to Early Roman periods. A child enchytrismos was found in contact with the eastern retaining wall of the road (first-century BC to first-century AD). The west retaining wall turned north and met another road (II), 1.9m in length and 1m wide, with another Hellenistic child enchytrismos in contact with it.  A Classical arterial road (III) in the northwest corner of the plot ran northeast-southwest with retaining walls of schist (length 23.8m, width 4.54). Five road surfaces date from the fifth and fourth centuries BC. In Early Hellenistic times the axis of the road changed westwards, the older retaining walls and the surface were covered and new retaining walls built from cut stones, probably for flood protection (the fills east of the road contained pebbles and silt). Several funerary kioniskoi were built into the walls.  The north part of the plot contained extensive Hellenistic workshop remains, Megarian bowls and a few lamps (including moulds). Deeper in the same area were five unaccompanied burials of dogs. In the Roman period the area continued in use: a series of four limestone pillars form part of the aqueduct excavated on Amalias Avenue during the construction of the Metro.  The centre of the plot is crossed by a northeast-southwest channel (length 19.8m, internal width 0.56m) built of stones and earth in the Early Roman period.  Late Roman and Byzantine building remains were found at the south of the plot.     

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5 Phrynichou Street (V. Konstantinidou plot). T. Kokkoliou (Γ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the excavation of a well, walls and a silo of the Late Roman-Byzantine periods. Finds included part of terracotta figurine, five sections of kiln supports, part of a fluted column, and two marble fragments.   

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16A-16B Phrynichou Street. T. Kokkoliou (Γ ΕΠΚΑ) reports that excavation in the courtyard of this building revealed architectural members: part of marble Ionic column base, part of a marble lekanis, a marble block with tainia, two pieces of unfluted marble columns, and part of a marble relief stele with an animal with traces of red paint.   

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22-24 Amalias Avenue (property of the Hellenic Parliament). T. Kokkoliou (Γ ΕΠΚΑ) reports on excavation at a site where previous investigation had brought to light a Roman bath. A wall was revealed (3.6m long, maximum width 1.3m) of stones and parallel layers of bricks, with both faces coated in hydraulic cement. The outer, southern, face of the wall had brick masonry in zones. The entrance to an underground passage for the praefurnia was found to the west of the wall, while to the north, part of a floor of terracotta tiles was preserved with piers of the hypocaust built of round tiles. A continuation of this bath is preserved beneath the Russian church.    

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1 Karagiorhi Servias Street. O. Zachariadou, K. Papagiannakis (Γ ΕΠΚΑ) report on excavations at a listed building (Palli) opposite Syntagma square. Eleven graves cut into the bedrock at a depth of ca 3.5m, belong to the extended east cemetery of Athens near the Diochares Gates. These comprise:  - four fourth-century BC pit graves containing unguentaria, plus a fifth of the end of the fifth century containing a bronze mirror, alabastron, pyxis, eight lekythoi and a skyphos; - three robbed cist graves; - a damaged sandstone urn with its marble top; - a damaged enchytrismos in a hydria  - a partially preserved tile grave  A pyre cut into the earth was surrounded by traces of burning, fragments of burnt wood, bones and white-ground lekythos sherds. Geometric sherds were collected from the deepest fills.   

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Junction of 2 Korai and Stadiou Streets. T. Kokkoliou (Γ ΕΠΚΑ) reports on the excavation of part of the cemetery outside the northeast part of the walls, dating from the second and third centuries AD. A limestone sarcophagos with stone slab cover, 1.87m long and 0.7 thick, was found to contain a few bones. A tile grave (1.8m long) contained bones laid out on a floor of tiles (its walls were lined with mortar). East of this, and in contact with it, a second tomb (4) was coated internally with plaster and had a floor of rectangular bricks. Disturbed pottery was collected from within the tomb, plus fragments of two iron strigils, a fragment of an unguentarium, a number of sheets of leaf gold, and a little bone. Two terracotta unguentaria were found in situ in front of each tomb.  All the graves were oriented north to south. They form the boundary of a large cemetery excavated in Syntagma Square, which continued towards Akadimias and Panepistimiou Streets and finished at Korai Street.   

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Junction of Mitropoleos and 1 Phokionos Streets (O.T. 5/60, Chontos property). T. Kokkoliou (Γ ΕΠΚΑ) reports on the excavation of ten rooms with building phases from the Late Roman, Early Christian, Middle Byzantine and Ottoman periods. One (6) contained architectural remains, the walls of a Late Roman cistern in opus mixtum, and a floor in opus sectile. Spolia were collected.  

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Street junction at 24 Nikiou, 11 Chrysospiliotissis, and Aiolou. T. Kokkoliou (Γ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of part of a Late Roman marble stylobate (length 2.38m, width 0.3m) with two marble Ionic column bases in the northeast corner of this plot.  

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Junction of 7 Agion Anargyron and Sarri Streets (property of A. Koutoula). T. Kokkoliou (Γ ΕΠΚΑ) notes the presence of an ancient road with nine successive surfaces.   

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16 Poulopoulou Street, Thiseio (Selimekou Brothers property). T. Kokkoliou (Γ ΕΠΚΑ) reports that excavation on this 543m2 plot revealed Hellenistic to Late Roman structures, a large number of water channels, a well and three graves (probably Prehistoric). A Hellenistic house was revealed almost in direct contact with the fortification walls, traces of which had previously been found.  In the south part of the plot, walls of two rooms were found (in one room was a bath). The house probably had an upper floor supported by wooden columns, the circular bases for which survive to the north.  To the south-southeast were extensive Classical fills and a bovine skull. The southeast part of the plot contained later, Late Roman and Byzantine, phases of the building. Finds include bone pins, parts of marble pestles, lead weights, loom weights, stamped amphora handles (Knidian mostly), 24 bronze coins, a few Late Roman lamps, and a lamp with the inscription ΧΙΟ/ΝΗ of the first half of the fifth century AD.  Three cuttings were identified as possible Prehistoric graves.   

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Junction of 9-13 Monastiriou and Serron Streets. Ch. Stoupa (Γ ΕΠΚΑ) reports on excavation to the east of the road to the Demosion Sema. In total, 86 graves were found, mostly Classical and Roman in date, with a few Hellenistic.  During the early Classical period, the north-northeast and the west-southwest parts of the plot were flooded by an alluvial stream. Later in the Classical period, the first graves were dug to the southeast; 30 of these graves are simple burials or cremations cut into the natural ground. Eight disturbed Late Classical - Early Hellenistic graves were uncovered further to the north, and 15 Hellenistic pit graves to the east of the plot. To the Roman period date 33 simple pit or tile graves, three cist graves, and one enchytrismos. Three damaged walls probably belong to a Roman Π-shaped funerary peribolos. In the Late Roman period, a building (partially uncovered in the east of the excavation) was constructed with six rooms from at least two phases. No finds help to clarify its use, but the rooms were probably underground storage areas.   

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15 Agisilaou and Salaminos Street (G. Chatzimarkou and Papaphilippou property). T. Kokkoliou  (Γ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the excavation of a cistern in the northeast of this plot. A limestone kalpi was found, while fragments of a red-figure lekythos and bronze mirror probably indicate the presence of disturbed graves.   

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26 Plateia Eleftherias. T. Kokkoliou (Γ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of two limestone sarcophagi from the known cemetery in the area along the ancient road to Hippios Kolonos. Sarcophagus 1 was 2.25m long and oriented east-west. Sarcophagus 2 was 2.13m long and contained a few bones. No other finds were preserved.   

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Aigina, Kapodistriou Avenue (property of D. Katridi). E. Papastavrou (ΚΣΤ' ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of 26 tombs of the sixth to fourth centuries BC (all simple pits cut into the soft bedrock, apart from one tile grave), which form part of a larger cemetery known in the area. Seven graves (I, II, XII, XIII, XIV and XVIII) were in niches which opened off the face of a wide rectangular trench. Each niche held a limestone sarcophagus and was closed with a wall.  The niche which held one grave (XII) opened between the two long parallel sides of the trench. Seven graves (X, XI, XV, XVI, XXI, XXIII and XXV) were accessed via a rectangular shift: one (XXIII) had a niche containing a limestone sarcophagus, four (X, XI, XVI and XXV) had two chambers one of which contained a limestone sarcophagus, and two (XXI and XV) had three and four chambers respectively, with a limestone sarcophagus in one of them). Tomb XI was the most monumental in appearance, with a high level of finishing and walling of well-finished limestone blocks. Eleven graves were simple cists (III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, XIX, XX, XXII, XIV) and one (XXVI) a tile grave. A number had been looted and filled with debris. The interior walls of XV and XVI had collapsed and the sarcophagoi were badly damaged.    

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Aigina, Osiou Louka and Peppa Streets (Bachariou property). E. Papastavrou (ΚΣΤ' ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of building remains, including re-used ancient construction material. The earliest activity dates to the Geometric period (sherds were found in a shallow cutting in the bedrock).  A wall of well finished limestone blocks on the western edge of the plot dates to the Classical period. This was later plastered, with tile placed on the joints. Two further walls contained well finished limestone blocks among spolia in secondary use. Late antique remains comprise a water channel leading to a well, part of a cistern wall with plaster, and sections of pebble and mortar floors.  

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Aigina, Kambos Mylon (property of K. Gennitsari). E. Papastavrou (ΚΣΤ' ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of four cave-like structures cut into bedrock (three close together and the fourth at greater remove), entered via steps. In each case the roof was supported by a column of rock left in situ, and smaller chambers opened off the main chamber. Structure 1 was a long space entered via 17 steps: there were two alcoves in the south wall, a deeper long oval opening in the north, two air shafts opening up to the land surface, and a well in the north wall. To the northwest of the main opening was a second flight of roughly worked steps. Structure 2 was much smaller, with a lower oval chamber supported by a central column and entered via 13 steps; it had one unfinished air shaft. Structure 3 had a four-sided chamber supported by two columns and entered via 15 steps; it had two long alcoves in the north side and a semicircular opening in the east. Structure 4 had a four-sided chamber with five supporting columns, entered via 18 steps; it had alcoves in the walls, two wells and an air shaft.  No material was found within the structures in contexts which permit determination of their date or function, although Classical pottery in the fill may relate to their use.  

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Aigina, Patriarchou Grigoriou Street (property of M. Lorentzou). E. Papastavrou (ΚΣΤ' ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a plaster-lined channel in the bedrock, filled with stones, plus a series of walls of fieldstones and tile. A further wall across the centre of the plot (12m long) incorporated well finished limestone blocks in secondary use, plus other spolia (as a threshold block). Further spolia are also indicated, but no date is reported for any phase of activity.   

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Salamina, junction of Glisti Street with a planned road (property of N. Chioti, O.T. 38). T. Kattoula (ΚΣΤ' ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery during two excavation seasons (in 2004 and 2005) of three cist graves and part of a funerary peribolos. Tomb 1 (excavated in 2004) had no goods. Tomb 2, a slab cist (2.2 x 0.82m), contained a supine inhumation plus a further displaced inhumation at the north side of the tomb. Grave goods comprise a palmette squat lekythos in the northwest corner of the tomb (dated by the excavator to the first quarter of the fourth century, although a date in the first half of the century is here preferred) and an iron strigil.  Tomb 3, also a slab cist (2.47 x 1.1m), contained a supine inhumation, plus a late fifth-century black glaze Lykinic lekanis (on the southwest side of the tomb), a squat lekythos depicting a goose (by the cranium in the northeast corner), ca 150 bone beads of various shapes and sizes and two round bone discs from a necklace (found next to the lekanis), a bronze pin, five small bronze nails and two round pins probably from a wooden box (which may have held the necklace), and a patch of white lead by the east wall of the tomb.  

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Salamina, Ambelakia. Junction of Kyprou and E. Venizelou Streets (property of D. Kontothanasi, O.T. 59). T. Kattoula (ΚΣΤ' ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a total of 12 tombs (11 previously reported in 2004 and a twelfth in 2005). Tomb 12 is a stone-lined cist (2 x 1.3m) covered with Corinthian type tiles.  It contained a supine inhumation with two fourth-century squat lekythoi (one black glazed and one with a palmette). Tombs 10 and 11 are mid third-century BC tile graves containing child burials: tomb 10 contained a round bodied unguentarium, and tomb 11 two such unguentaria and a rectangular bronze plaque.  

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Salamina, Ambelakia. E. Venizelou Street (property of P. Michalaki). T. Kattoula (ΚΣΤ ΕΠΚΑ) reports that trials in 2004 revealed fifth- and fourth-century BC sherds, plus stones from a structure assumed to lie outside the excavation area. In 2005, excavation in the area where the stones were found produced a round structure, built of medium sided stones worked on the inner face, which contained seven human crania plus long bones in no clear arrangement. Only one prehistoric sherd (coarse with black burnish with impressed decoration).  

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Salamina, Ambelakia. 90 E. Venizelou Street (property of E. Gkika, O.T. 81). T. Kattoula (ΚΣΤ' ΕΠΚΑ) reports the completion of excavation on this plot (begun in 2005) and the discovery of a Middle Geometric cist tomb containing a single inhumation. The stone tomb walls had partially collapsed, disturbing the skeleton. Goods comprise 13 vases, mostly skyphoi, trefoil-mouthed oinochoae, lekanes and lekythoi. This is the first tomb of this period to be discovered in ancient Ambelakia.  

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Salamina, Ambelakia. E. Venizelou Street (property of E. Koutraki and M. Zougri, O.T. 95). T. Kattoula (ΚΣΤ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a large building complex close to the ancient harbor (on its south side and close to the eastern branch of the city wall), extending to east and west of a main north-south road.  The complex was founded on bedrock: many walls contained architectural spolia.  The principal east-west wall defining the boundary of the complex had two parallel rows of stones with dressed outer faces and a fill of small stones between them. A destruction level containing tiles and sherds of large storage vessels covered almost the entire plot.  On the southeast side of the plot was a room with a floor of tile fragments in a pattern of concentric circles. To the north of it, an open courtyard contained a well with a marble well-head. Ca 10m north of the well was a 0.9m-square altar, preserved to a height of 0.7m and with traces of burning of the surface. A burnt deposit to the south of it contained sherds mostly of drinking vessels. On the northwest side of the excavated area, near the northern boundary of the complex, was an unusually well-built room, with purple and yellow plaster on the walls. South of the entrance was a limestone column in situ. Immediately to the east of the room was a well sunk into the bedrock. A large quantity of Late Hellenistic bronze coins was found in the southern part of the plot.  

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Mavrokordatou Street. Sophia Michalopoulou (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports on two sites excavated on Mavrokordatou Street. On Mavrokordatou 12 (property of E. Dramatinou) a quarry, a bell-shaped cistern and a shaft were revealed. On Mavrokordatou and Salaminomachon (property of Mastoridi) a 4th century house was excavated. Earth floors covered most of the house apart from its SW corner which was paved with pebbles. A bell-shaped cistern and a drain leading to it were revealed from the area with the pebble-floor. Two shafts with corbelled roofs had been constructed on the SW and SE sides of the cistern. Numerous miniature vessels (skyphoi and craters) were excavated from the area. The vessels are dated in the last quarter of the 4th c. 

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Salamis Island. C. Dellaporta, Th. Theodoulou and D. Evangelistis (EMA) report the discovery of a series of sites in a survey of the south coast. Finds include sherds of a pithos which may have been dumped from a settlement on the western headland of Lykopoulou bay. A shipwreck site was located on the reef which links the islet of Lagousa to the Gaidaros rock to the east. Finds comprise a heap of pan- and cover-tiles and, in the surrounding area, ballast, and sherds of fineware and amphorae (probably of the early Chian swollen necked type).

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Megara, north cemetery. P. Avgerinou (Γ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of tombs on the following four plots.   1: Andreou property (unnamed road O.T. 647). Tomb 1: a sarcophagus in secondary use contained an adult inhumation with a second displaced into the western part. Grave goods with the primary burial comprised 18 fusiform unguentaria, a plainware lagynus, a bronze coin, bronze sheet, and pieces of egg shell. With the displaced burial were ten fusiform unguentaria.  Date: Hellenistic. Tomb 2: an intact sarcophagus with no skeletal remains or goods. Date: uncertain. Tomb 3: a child-sized sarcophagus containing no bones but goods comprising two small oinochoae, a globular aryballos, and a one-handled cup. Date: Archaic. Tomb 4: a sarcophagus containing an adult inhumation with a Corinthian kotyle and a black-glazed kylix. Date: Classical. Tomb 5: a sarcophagus containing two adult inhumations but no grave goods with which to date them. Tomb 6: a sarcophagus containing three inhumations plus a black glaze lekythos, a small oinochoe, a treoil-mouthed oinochoe, a lekythos, a bone bead, pieces of bronze pins and of an iron object. Date: Classical. Tomb 7: a cist grave with walls and floor of limestone slabs containing three inhumations in contracted position plus a further displaced inhumation at the east side. Grave goods comprised a plainware kyathos, a globular aryballos, and iron nails. Date: Archaic. Tomb 8: a simple cist containing one contracted inhumation but no goods with which to date it. Tomb 9: a sarcophagus containing two burials (probably looted). The lower burial was an extended inhumation and the upper, laid over it, was in contracted position.  Displaced bones lay at the west, narrow, side of the grave, along with two iron pegs.  Outside the burial, over the central cover slab, was a fusiform unguentarium and pieces of egg shell. Date: Hellenistic. Tomb 10: a slab cist with a re-used four-sided column (preserving its plaster coating) set as a marker over the central cover slab. The grave contained a child inhumation in extended position, with two plainware lagynoi, a handleless cup, three fusiform unguentaria with white band decoration, five astragaloi, a bronze coin and parts of a pin. Outside the tomb on the north side were an intact ungentarium with band decoration on the neck and shoulder, an intact one-handled black glaze cup, pieces of a terracotta plaque, and a bronze coin.  Date: Hellenistic. Between tombs 9 and 10, on the west side, lay a small plainware lamp, a round black glaze unguentarium,  and a plainware trefoil-mouthed oinochoe. North of tomb 10 lay a plainware round unguentarium and a black glaze one-handled cup. Tomb 11: a sarcophagus containing an adult inhumation but no goods with which to date it. Tomb 12: a sarcophagus containing an adult inhumation with two fusiform unguentaria, a black-glaze lamp, and a skyphos handle.  Date: Hellenistic. Tomb 13: a sarcophagus containing an adult (probably female) inhumation, with a bronze double mirror, a bronze coin and part of an iron pin. Date: Hellenistic. Tomb 14: a slab cist containing three contracted inhumations plus two ovoid and three fusiform unguentaria, a terracotta spool for textile manufacture, and fragments of iron pins. Date: Archaic. Tomb 15: a free burial, preserving only the legs in contracted position, with no grave goods. Date: probably Archaic. Displaced burials were found outside tombs 1 and 2.  Outside tomb 1 to the north lay the bones of probably two adults with two small oinochoae, a black glaze kyathos and two fusiform unguentaria. Outside tomb 2 to the east, obove the free burial, were the remains of probably two adults with two lekythoi, a black glaze kylix, sherds of a lamp and two lekythoi, and the head of a bronze pin.   2: 65 Thebon Street (Property of Ch. Nikolidaki, O.T. 65). Fifth-century BC graves: Tomb 1: a sarcophagus containing two child burials with a black-figure lekythos, a black glaze kylix, and a horse and rider figurine: first half fifth century BC. Tomb 3: a sarcophagus containing the inhumations of three adults and a child.  Grave goods comprise a red-figure lekythos, a table amphora, two black-figure lekythoi, two female protome figurines,a bronze pin and glass paste beads: first half fifth century BC. Tomb 6: a sarcophagus containing the inhumations of two adults, a bronze mirror and an aryballoid lekythos: final quarter of the fifth century BC. Tomb 24: a sarcophagus containing the inhumations of three adults plus two chytres with a lid, a bolsal, a table amphora, a black glaze kantharos, two small oinochoae and a miniature lamp: final quarter of the fifth century BC. Tomb 32: a sarcophagus containing the inhumations of three adults plus a displaced burial on the west side of the tomb. Goods comprise: eight bone pins, a pair of bronze omega-form earrings, and a bronze mirror. Outside the tomb was a salt cellar of the final quarter of the fifth century BC. Tomb 47: a looted sarcophagus containing an adult inhumation with two figurines (a male and a polos-wearing female).   Fourth-century BC graves: Tomb 4: a sarcophagus containing three adult inhumations but no goods. Tomb 5: a sarcophagus containing an adult inhumation but no goods. Tomb 10: a sarcophagus containing two adult inhumations with an aryballoid lekythos, a kyathos and a miniature lamp. Tomb 14: a sarcophagus containing two adult inhumations plus an iron pin, a miniature lamp and two small oinochoae. Tomb 15: a sarcophagus containing three adult inhumations, a silver coin and a bronze mirror. Tomb 16: a sarcophagus containing three adult inhumations, plus a lead ring, two unguentaria, a bronze mirror and a rivet, a plainware table amphora and prochous, and two silver coins. Tomb 17: a sarcophagus containing one adult inhumation plus an unguentarium. Tomb 18: a sarcophagus containing three adult inhumations plus a black glaze olpe and fragments of eggshell. A black glaze phiale was recovered when the tomb was uncovered. Tomb 19: a sarcophagus containing probably three adult inhumations without goods. A bronze coin was found outside the tomb. Tomb 20: a partially preserved sarcophagus with a few child bones. Tomb 21: a sarcophagus containing three adult inhumations plus two red-figure palmette squat lekythoi, and a bronze pin. Tomb 22: a sarcophagus containing four adult inhumations, a silver coin and an iron pin. Tomb 23: a sarcophagus containing a child inhumation without goods, but with the sherds of a black glaze kantharos outside the grave. Tomb 25: a sarcophagus containing two adult inhumations without goods. Tomb 26: a sarcophagus containing three adult inhumations, three lamps and a small oinochoe. Outside the tomb were two aryballoid lekythoi. Tomb 27: a sarcophagus containing a child inhumation with an iron pin. Tomb 33: a sarcophagus containing six adult inhumations, a silver coin, a miniature lamp, and three small oinochoae. Tomb 37: a sarcophagus containing an adult inhumation and two fragments of a bronze omega-form earring. Tomb 38: a sarcophagus containing an adult inhumation, a silver coin, two small oinochoae, and a miniature lamp. Tomb 39: a sarcophagus containing two adult inhumations, a plain lamp and an iron pin. Tomb 40: a sarcophagus containing three adult inhumations, a plastic amphoriskos, bronze mirror and bronze arrow-head. Tomb 41: a sarcophagus containing two adult inhumations, two small oinochoae and a miniature lamp. Tomb 42: a sarcophagus containing an adult inhumation and a silver coin. Tomb 43: a sarcophagus containing two adult inhumations, a red-figure palmette squat lekythos, a silver coin and iron pin. Tomb 44: a sarcophagus containing an adult inhumation and a silver coin. Tomb 48: a looted sarcophagus containing a disturbed inhumation and a silvered peg. Tombs 49 and 50: two sarcophagoi which continued beneath the neighbouring plot. Tomb 51: a sarcophagus containing an adult inhumation without goods. Tomb 52: a sarcophagus containing a child inhumation, glass paste beads and a squat lekythos. Tomb 53: a sarcophagus containing a child inhumation without goods. Tomb 54: a sarcophagus containing an adult inhumation, two small oinochoae, a miniature lamp, two fusiform unguentaria, and a bone double flute with bronze keys. Tomb 55: a sarcophagus containing two adult inhumations.   Hellenistic graves (end third- to second-century BC). Tomb 2: a sarcophagus containing an adult inhumation, nine fusiform unguentaria, a lagynos and an iron strigil. This tomb was first used in the Classical period. Tomb 28: a sarcophagus containing a child inhumation, a red-figure palmette squat lekythos, a cup, oinochoe, three fusiform unguentaria, five figurines (a Silen, a pig, a standing figure, a Herm, and an unreadable image), a bronze coin, bone astragalos, and a bronze needle. This tomb was first used in the Classical period. Tomb 29: a sarcophagus containing a child inhumation without goods. Tomb 30: a sarcophagus containing an adult inhumation, an iron strigil and six gold flower-shaped leaves. Tomb 31: a sarcophagus containing an adult inhumation and two fusiform unguentaria. Tomb 45: a sarcophagus containing an adult inhumation, two small oinochoae, a miniature lamp, a pyxis and a fusiform unguentarium. Tomb 46: a sarcophagus containing an adult inhumation, a relief bowl and 43 fusiform unguentaria. In the northwest corner of the tomb was a lead cinerary urn containing the cremated remains of a single individual, gold leaves and a silver coin.   Roman graves. Tomb 7: cist grave with an adult inhumation, a glass unguentarium and two bronze coins. Tomb 8: a sarcophagus containing an adult inhumation, a glass open vessel, a terracotta bulbous unguentarium and the head of a female figurine. Tomb 9: a sarcophagus containing an adult inhumation and a bronze coin. Tomb 11: cist grave containing the enchytrismos on an infant in a beehive, without goods. Tomb 12: the enchytrismos on an infant in a beehive, without goods, in contact with the southwest corner of tomb 11. Tomb 13: tile grave with an adult inhumation, two bronze coins, a glass unguentarium, bone needle, and bronze ring. Tomb 34: sarcophagus with a child inhumation, a figurine and fragments of eggshell. Tomb 35: sarcophagus with a displaced inhumation in the western part (but no primary inhumation), a glass unguentarium, a figurine and two bronze coins. Tomb 36: a sarcophagus containing four adult inhumations, a glass cup, an iron strigil, two glass bulbous unguentaria, four bronze coins, and fragments of eggshell.   3: 41 Doganis Street (property of D. Stratioti, O.T. 191). Four tombs of the first half of the fifth century were found during excavation for a septic tank. Tomb 1: a sarcophagus containing no skeletal remains, but a two-handled vessel plus lid. Tomb 2: a sarcophagus containing an adult inhumation and a black-figure lekythos. Tomb 3: a sarcophagus containing the inhumation of a youth, a bronze mirror, black glaze kylix, three black-figure lekythoi, and a doll. Tomb 4: a sarcophagus containing an adult inhumation, a bronze mirror, alabastron and small oinochoe.   4: Armakades, unnamed road (property of I. Perri, O.T. 497). Four Early Hellenistic cist tombs were identical in form and content. They all contained an adult inhumation with a fusiform unguentarium and small iron nails at the deceased’s feet. A section of a cemetery road of the fourth to sixth centuries AD was revealed, along with Late Roman graves. Tombs 3-6 are a group of stone-built cists, all looted and damaged: they contained numerous disturbed burials plus pottery and lamps of the period. A grave stele found inside tomb 3 bore the inscription KOIMHTH ΡION EΠI ΦANI KE ΘE ODΥΛΗΣ To the east of these tombs, a stretch of road plus its western supporting wall ran northwest-southeast, bounding the group of tombs 7-10 and probably contemporary with them. Two gravel road surface levels were preserved. The plot also produced Late Archaic-Classical building remains and a well. North and west of the Late Roman remains, were three small rooms (A, A1 and B) of unknown function, with walls of fieldstones founded on bedrock. A staircase in room B (of which seven steps are preserved) was built of fieldstones and spolia (e.g. a small column built into the fourth riser). Pottery recovered from these rooms was mainly black glaze drinking vessels (Attic skyphoi, kotyles, cups and related vessels, probably from a local workshop), a few plates and a very few red-fired sherds. There was a small proportion of domestic pottery (basins, cooking pots and amphorae). Within room A was the upper part of a deep, sixth-century vessel inscribed ιαρος: hερμα: εμι, suggesting cult activity. In general the pottery dates the late Archaic-Classical period. A terminus ante quem for the use of the rooms is provided by two Early Hellenistic cist tombs cut into the southeast corner of room A. On the north edge of the plot was a stone-lined well (1m in diameter, excavated only to a depth of 4.2m) which contained architectural spolia (mostly undiagnostic but with evidence of intense burning and in some cases plaster), a few undiagnostic sculptural fragments in while marble, tile and (mostly domestic) pottery. A few fragments of doric columns and a doric geison with blue and red paint were recovered from the well, along with two pieces of an ionic geison and part of a ridge tile. These were found with early Hellenistic pottery which dated the filling of the well.

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Megara, south cemetery. P. Avgerinou(Γ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of tombs on the following three plots. 1: 168 28th October Street (O.T. 4). Southwest of Lytara square and west of the city’s football field, a group of three second-century BC cist tombs and a peribolos were discovered during the opening of tanks for a petrol station. The tombs, which were looted, were large (ca. 2.56m long) slab cists preserving plaster, with a marker stone above. Goods were mostly fusiform unguentaria arranged in small groups around the shoulders, thorax and thighs of the deceased. Tomb 1 contained an adult inhumation with part of a second cranium, plus 15 fusiform unguentaria and a plainware lagynus. The corner of an earlier cist grave lay beneath. Above the north cover slab was a fusiform unguentarium and a plainware lamp. Tomb 2: lined with red-coloured plaster, this looted tomb contained the inhumations of an adult with 20 fusiform unguentaria around the shoulders and chest plus 19 round the thighs, and a plainware trefoiled-mouthed oinochoe, and a close black glazed shape. Tomb 3 contained only the bone fragments left after looting, plus one intact and many sherds of fusiform unguentaria, and four-five fragments of thin gold sheet (probably from jewellery), and part of an iron object. The tomb marker was found to the east.  Part of a late antique Π-shaped structure could belong to a pithos or a grave structure.   2: 7 Cheimarras Street (property of D. Zisi, O.T. 79).  Tomb 1: sarcophagus with two successive adult inhumations, a red-figure palmette lekythos and a black glaze lamp of the late fourth or early third century BC. Tomb 2: slab cist with three adult inhumations and a displaced burial, plus three fusiform unguentaria, a pyxis and lid, a miniature chytra, five trefoil-mouthed oinochoae, a miniature lamp, a bronze rod, and shell. Date: second century BC. Tomb 3: third-century BC slab cist with an adult inhumation, bronze mirror and an ovoid unguentarium Tomb 4: third-century BC sarcophagus with two adult inhumations and a displaced burial, an ovoid unguentarium, an iron pin, a Macedonian type amphora, a miniature lamp, and alabastron sherds. Tomb 5: third-century BC disturbed and looted cist tomb with no skeletal remains, plus sherds of an unguentarium and a black glaze vessel. Tomb 6: simple cist containing two successive extended inhumations and a displaced burial in the eastern part of the grave, plus a chytra: late fourth- to early third-century BC. Tomb 7: early third-century cist formed of reused slabs, with an adult inhumation plus an oinochoe, three unguentaria, and a lagynos. Tomb 8: third-century BC cist grave with an adult inhumation: of the three cover slabs, one was in secondary use an another a column. Goods comprise a lekythos, three miniature unguentaria, a miniature lamp, a trefoil mouthed oinochoe, a bronze ring and a silver coin. Tomb 9: second-century BC sarcophagus with an adult inhumation, six fusiform unguentaria, a lagynus skyphos and iron strigil. Tomb 10: second-century BC partially destroyed sarcophagus: five sherds of fusiform unguentaria were found in the fill. Tomb 11: late third- to early second-century sarcophagus with six adult inhumations, partially destroyed but preserving a silver coin, a round ungentarium, a trefoil-mouthed askos, a squat lekythos, an iron ring, bronze strigil and fragments of eggshell. Tomb 12: a late fourth- to third-century BC sarcophagus with two child burials, a red-figure palmette lekythos, a bronze ring with oval bezel, a bronze needle, an iron disc, six glass paste beads, fragments of eggshell, and a silver coin. Tomb 13: a late fourth- to early third-century sarcophagus with four successive adult inhumations, plus alabastron sherds, a miniature lamp and an iron rod. Tomb 14: largely destroyed sarcophagus. Tomb 15: largely destroyed sarcophagus. Tomb 16: sarcophagus with two adult inhumations and a bronze needle. Tomb 17: looted sarcophagus. Tomb 18: early third-century cist tomb with an adult inhumation, two small oinochoae, a miniature lamp, two unguentaria, and iron strigil and a bronze pinhead. Tomb 19: late fourth- t o early third-century sarcopaphagus with two successive adult inhumations, a black-figure lekythos (with a scene of maenads), and an iron pin. Tomb 20: a late fourth- to early third-century sarcophagus with an adult inhumation, a miniature lamp, a plainware ladle, a black glaze squat lekythos, an oinochoe, a bronze rod, and a conical terracotta object.   3: 34 Morava Street (property of K. Mourtzoukou, O.T. 1). A single slab cist contained an adult inhumation with a lagynus and fusiform unguentaria.

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Megara, fortification in the northern part of the city. P. Avgerinou(Γ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of sections of wall on the following on the following two plots. 1: Junction of Grammou and Karaiskaki Streets (property of I. Kastani, O.T. 390). A 9.75m-long stretch of the late fourth-century BC proteichisma of the city wallwas revealed. 2: Junction of Eupalinou and Philikon Streets (property of E. Christophorou. O.T. 232). Excavation revealed a section of the city fortification plus two roads in an area where stretches of fortification had previously been observed. Two strong walls in empkleton were revealed, coming to an angle which was probably the location of a gate (to judge from two threshold blocks with cuttings for the rod of door hinge, found on either side of the gap, and the presence of a beaten earth floor in the area between the wall ends). Part of a rectangular tower was preserved on the right side of the gateway: the gate and tower together are Classical (likely Late Classical) in date. This tower was built over an earlier stone structure which incorporated a number of blocks with wheel-ruts like those in road I, as well as three blocks with clamp cuttings which are not functional within the structure must therefore also be re-used. To the east was a large stone pile which included pottery of the second half of the sixth century BC. Road I: a 16.5m-long and 0.4-0.6m -wide stretch of the southern retaining wall of this road ran east-west, 0.91m below the surface of modern Eupalinos Street (its eastern extension was previously located on the junction of Mykenon and Sotiros Streets, O.T. 276: ADelt [1970] Chr 117). The wall is founded on bedrock. Ten successive road surfaces of beaten sandy soil with sherds, gravel and organic matter, were identified, dating from the second half of the fourth century BC to the end of the Hellenistic period: the road varied in width from 2.2m at the west to 9m at the east.  The four upper surfaces are associated with the retaining wall and date to the Hellenistic period: an earlier retaining wall beneath the later structure was built in the second half of the fourth century BC and remained in use until the beginning of the second. A water channel ran parallel to the earlier wall. Road I was a major artery through the north part of the city, and likely led to the Tripodiskos gate. Road II ran northwest-southeast through the gate in the fortification reported above, crossing road I diagonally near the point where the width of road II increases. It was 3m wide and had five surfaces which correspond to surfaces 3-8 of road I (the earliest being third-century BC).   The surfaces of both roads produced a large quantity of pottery, mostly basins, ladles, prochoes, and table and transport amphorae. The transport amphorae were mostly Corinthian, including a very few stamped handles (one example bore the name ΑΠΕΛΛΕΑΣ). Three bronze coins were collected.

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Megara, 8 Iapidos Street. P. Avgerinou (Γ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a small late antique bath complex just east of the city wall, in an area occupied by Late Roman and Early Byzantine workshops, which was destroyed in the Early Byzantine period. Three rooms were excavated (with two more extending beneath the modern street): they were arranged along a north-south axis 10.5m long. The caldarium, room A to the south, had semicircular bays on the east and west sides and a rectangular bay on the south, all with openings communicating with the main room. These bays likely held bathtubs. The foundations were of unworked stones in cement, and the superstructure of brick and cement (tubuli for hot air circulation ran inside the bricks). To the north, the tepidarium, room B neighboured the unctorium, room Γ.  The walls of both had stone foundations, with a layer of brick above and then a divided superstructure (the outer face in fieldstones and cement, the inner in brick). Room B, which communicated with room A, contained conduits for hot air pipes. Tegulae mammatae were also found, plus a few sections of curved brick from hypocaust supports. No evidence of a praefurnium were found in the area investigated, though one must have existed to the south of the caldarium.  All three rooms produced large quantities of domestic pottery and fragments of glass vessels, chiefly Early Byzantine stemmed wineglasses.

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Megara, junction of Alepochoriou and Tsigri Streets (property of A. Chatzi, O.T. 645). P. Avgerinou (Γ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of three wells. Wells 2 and 3 were sunk into bedrock and well 1 into the natural soil. The oval well 1 was explored to a depth of 3m from the rim (when finds ceased). Its fill contained stone and marble fragments plus pottery dating from the sixth century BC to the Roman period. The round well 2 (0.95m in diameter) contained only pottery in smaller quantities than in well 1, continuing to a depth of 1.1m from the rim. The fill of the round well 3 (0.9m in diameter) was less disturbed than that of the previous two: it contained a large quantity of pottery which can be securely dated to the Archaic and early Classical periods, plus shell and slag (to a depth of 2m from the rim). 

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Dourako, Alepochori (property of N. Manoli). P. Valta (Γ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a shrine on a property beside the road from Alepochori to Schoinos, 800m west of the Archaic shrine at Bouri. Initial prospection in 2004 revealed two perpendicular walls of fieldstones (walls 1 and 2), a little pottery (mainly plain lamps and squat lekythoi), figurines, and a sherd inscribed ΑΝΕΘΕΚΕ.  Continued excavation in 2005 revealed two further, smaller walls (5 and 6), over which was a deposit of figurines and burned miniature plainware oinochoae and lamps. Bordering this to the south was an altar consisting of a rectangular area (3x1m, 0.5m deep) defined by four sandstone slabs (probably re-used) which contained burnt soil, a large quantity of miniature vessels (plainware oinochoae and lamps), figurines and river pebbles. A further sandstone slab was laid in the centre of the area beneath the soil layer.  Finds from the altar date from the late sixth to the early fifth century BC. To the west, a stone pile contained a fragment of an inscription on marble: ΑΠΟΛΛ ΑΠΟΤΡ Further peribolos walls in the west of the plot defined a large rectangular area including the altar. Small rooms/defined areas on the west side remain to be fully investigated. These produced chiefly fifth-century pottery plus some earlier sherds. South of the shrine were two further north-south parallel walls (11 and 13) of the same construction and at the same elevation, over 21m in length. Two further walls in the intervening area were found very close to the modern surface: one of these is over 35m long and may have been intended to divide the plot. These latter walls cannot be securely dated (pottery around them is of various periods to Early Christian), but they are assumed to be post-Classical.

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Hydra, Pevges (property of S. Bikou). Cave of Kolokotronis. C. Agourides and A. Mari (ΕΠΣΝΕ) report on survey of a cave the interior of which has a series of small level surfaces used by human populations at various stages of prehistory and late antiquity. Looting was noted in two areas from which two pieces of worked obsidian and a quantity of sherds were recovered - the latter dating mostly to Final Neolithic (4,500-3,300/3,200 BC) but with Early Helladic and Late Roman-Early Christian also present. Most of the Neolithic sherds are handmade coarseware, including a few examples of relief or relief and impressed ware. Some sherds with other decorative techniques - red slipped and burnished, red pattern burnished, and red and white – are noted. The categories represented are characteristic of the early phase of Final Neolithic, when both Aigina and Salamina were settled.  Most sites of this period (this cave included) were oriented towards the sea, overlooking the neighbouring coasts, islands, and sea traffic. The discovery of Neolithic pottery in the area around the cave and in various places in the modern Chora (which is immediately below the cave) suggests the existence of settlement, with the cave serving as a place for food storage or ritual. There is no evidence for permanent or periodic settlement in the cave.

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Sophia Michalopoulou (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports on two sites on Zaimi Street. A classical house was excavated on Zaimi 17 (property of Parasamli). The house appears to have also been in use in the Hellenistic period. One of the two rooms excavated preserved a pebble-floor. A drain ran along the floor of the other room. South of this house on Zaimi and Flessa (property of OSK) further, extensive remains of houses were found. Sophia Michalopoulou (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports on the excavation of four blocks of houses and two roads separating these.  Block A: Its walls are dated in the 4th c. B.C. and additional finds indicate that it was used until the Hellenistic period. The block includes a house with three rooms that constitutes the continuation of the domestic complex reported in AD (1975) Chr. 33. Block B: It is dated in the Classical period. Part of a room was excavated that contained five bronze and six silver coins. The date range of the silver coins is 390-262 B.C. A drain ran along the floor of the room and led to a cistern. Block C: A pebble-floor was revealed. Block D: Its walls, which were not well constructed, delimited a row of narrow rooms which do not find any parallels in the domestic architecture of the Piraeus. As a result, the excavator supports that this building served commercial purposes. Numerous bronze coins, Hellenistic amphora sherds and fragments from terracotta figurines excavated from this area support this interpretation further.  A bell-shaped cistern was excavated west of the aforementioned buildings. The cistern may belong to a different building complex to the above four.  The excavator notes that the width of the roads was not uniform as they passed through the building complexes. An extensive system of drains and pipes was revealed under one of the roads. Finally, Kornelia Axioti (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ)  reports on a third site, further south on Zaimi Street (70-72 Zaimi and Kleisouras Streets, property of N.Epitropoulou and E. Chanioti Co.).  A large quarry was excavated. Three block courses were extracted and many blocks remain in situ. The extraction channels and numerous tool marks are visible. A wall was excavated from the north side of the quarry. It delimited a paved area measuring 1.50x0.85 metres. A second, carefully constructed wall was excavated from the SE corner of the plot. 

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Sophia Michalopoulou (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports on the discovery of two late Classical houses on Flessa and Salaminomachon. On Flessa 55 and Salaminomachon 29 (property of Sakelliou) a house was excavated consisting of four rooms. One of the walls bears repairs dated in a later period. On Flessa and Salaminomachon 28 (property of Argoudeli) a second late Classical domestic complex was revealed. One of the walls bears signs of repairs. The north room contained a pebble-floor. A drain cut on the bedrock ran through this room. The south room had an earth floor. It contained a clay matrix for a satyr figurine. The matrix is dated at the end of the 2nd c. B.C. The floor was covered by an ash layer.

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Favierou 37 (property of Tosca). Sophia Michalopoulou (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports on the discovery of a poros stone quarry and wall remains. The extraction channels are visible on the bedrock. After the abandonment of the quarry, a house was constructed in it. Quantities of late classical pottery sherds were collected from the site.

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Herodotou St. 10-11 (property of Georgakos and Co.). Sophia Michalopoulou (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a poros stone quarry and wall remains. The extraction channels are visible on the bedrock. After the abandonment of the quarry, a house was constructed in it. Quantities of fourth-century B.C. pottery were collected from the site.

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Klemanso St. 10 (property of Papacharalampous). Sophia Michalopoulou (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports on the discovery of a quarry, a bell-shaped cistern and a shaft connected with the latter.

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Glyfada, Lazaraki 26 and Zissimopoulou Streets. K. Kaza-Papageorgiou (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports on the discovery of a 28-metre stretch of road (Figs 1, 2). The road run NE-SW and preserved wheel ruts. Its minimum width was 1.40 metres. It had retaining walls on both sides, which were constructed from rubble. Three phases of road construction were identified. Sherds from the area date primarily in the 4th c. Few earlier ones as well as some Mycenaean ones were also found.

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