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Dernières notices ajoutées par région : Attique
En 2005 et 2006, J. McK. Camp II et ses collaborateurs ont poursuivi leurs investigations au Nord-Ouest de l’Agora (sections BZ, BH, Γ). Section BZ. — On a poursuivi l’exploration des niveaux d’époque romaine et tardo-romaine (Ier-Ve s. apr. J.-C.), mettant au jour de nouveaux vestiges de la rue Nord-Sud et du système d’adduction d’eau qui lui était associé (canalisations en terre cuite et en plomb) (fig. 1) ; dans le remblai au-dessus de l’égout qui longeait le côté Est de la rue, on a recueilli une statuette en ivoire (0,085 m de haut), presque complète (fig. 2), du type très populaire d’Aphrodite Anadyomène qui évoque une peinture d’Apelle (IVe s.). La découverte, dans la même zone, de plusieurs figurines du même type, en terre cuite, échelonnées sur quatre siècles (Ier-IVe s. apr. J.-C.), suggère la présence d’un sanctuaire à proximité et renforce l’hypothèse selon laquelle l’autel et les vestiges architecturaux découverts juste au Sud auraient été dédiés à Aphrodite Ourania. D’autre part, la découverte d’un seuil (fig. 3) de type particulier (suggérant une grande porte destinée à rester ouverte) et rare en Grèce (deux parallèles dans la Bibliothèque de Pantainos et plusieurs en Italie, notamment à Ostie et Pompéi), invite à penser qu’à l’époque romaine le bâtiment qui bordait le côté Est de la rue abritait une série de boutiques. Du côté Est de la rue, on a exploré des espaces associés à l’extension vers le Nord du bâtiment commercial d’époque classique, dont on ignore l’étendue exacte ; à l’intérieur d’une des pièces du bâtiment, on a mis au jour deux bûchers (pyrai), ce qui porte leur nombre total à dix – de loin la plus grande concentration dans toute l’Agora. À l’extrémité Nord du sondage, on a repéré un dépôt d’amphores dont deux appartiennent à un type rare sur l’Agora, à lèvre aplatie et base annulaire (fig. 4) qui évoquent le type Gauloise 5, provenant du Sud de la France (fin du Ier-IIe s. apr. J.-C.). Parmi les autres trouvailles notables, on mentionnera une petite tête barbue en marbre (fig. 5), un tampon en os à motif de palmette pour le décor des vases (fig. 6) et deux drachmes en argent (fig. 7). Du côté Ouest de la rue, on a poursuivi l’exploration de remblais romains ; les niveaux supérieurs renfermaient du mobilier du Ve s. apr. J.-C. provenant peut-être de nettoyages après le sac d’Athènes par Alaric ; les niveaux inférieurs, de nouvelles tegulae mammatae provenant d’un bain romain situé dans les environs immédiats. Section BH. — Dans ce secteur, à l’Est de BZ et BE, on a achevé en 2005 l’exploration des niveaux byzantins (Xe s.) qui ont livré des vestiges architecturaux très épars. En 2006, la fouille dans le terrain d’une maison démolie (angle des rues Aghiou Philippou et Astingos [Hastings]) a mis au jour de nouveaux vestiges d’époque byzantine : restes de maisons, deux puits, des fragments de pithoi et de grands vases en céramique grossière, enfin, dans l’angle d’une pièce, une marmite contenant un squelette de bébé ; à l’intérieur d’une fosse, on a repéré un bloc de poros qui pourrait appartenir à la partie Est de la Stoa Poikilè. Section Γ. — Dans ce secteur, au Sud-Ouest de la tholos, on a repris la fouille du bâtiment dit « Stratègeion » (milieu du Ve s. av. J.-C.) en vue d’obtenir des précisions sur son plan et sa fonction (publique ou commerciale ?). Le bâtiment, mal conservé, est de plan trapézoïdal (ca 20 x 25 m) constitué de plusieurs pièces qui s’articulent autour d’une cour centrale. Son identification comme « Stratègeion » était fondée sur sa grande taille, son implantation parmi d’autres édifices majeurs et la présence de plusieurs inscriptions relatives à proximité immédiate. En 2005, la découverte d’un très important trésor d’environ 400 à 420 tétradrachmes athéniens en argent (fig. 8 et 9), datant de la seconde moitié du IVe s. av. J.-C., a permis de formuler de nouvelles hypothèses sur l’identification du bâtiment. Alors qu’un trésor enfoui par un commerçant comporterait des monnaies d’origines diverses, celles-ci sont toutes attiques. Le trésor semble avoir été constitué par une personne ayant accès à des fonds publics. Le bâtiment aurait donc une fonction publique – Stratègeion ou Polétèreion car les polètes travaillaient près de la Boulè et étaient responsables de l’administration d’importants fonds publics. Cependant, la construction mixte des murs (blocs taillés pour les murs extérieurs, moellons pour les murs intérieurs) et la mise au jour, dans les pièces Est du bâtiment, de plusieurs canalisations en terre cuite se déversant dans le collecteur central à l’extérieur, plaident en faveur d’autres utilisations de l’édifice, de même que la découverte initiale d’une pyra, bien qu’unique, va dans le sens d’une fonction domestique ou commerciale. La céramique trouvée sous le niveau du sol suggère qu’il fut construit pendant la première moitié du Ve s. av. J.-C. Ce niveau recelait aussi le squelette très contracté d’un chien arthritique. En 2006 on a fêté le 75e anniversaire du début des fouilles sur le site et le 50e anniversaire de la reconstruction de la Stoa d’Attale ; ces deux événements ont donné lieu à diverses manifestations : expositions de photos, de matériel archéologique provenant des fouilles récentes, colloque, éditions de livres.

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En 2005 et 2006, les travaux menés par ce service, sous l’égide de la commission de restauration des monuments de l’Acropole (ΕΣΜΑ) et en collaboration avec la Ire éphorie des antiquités préhistoriques et classiques (ΕΠΚΑ), ont été poursuivis notamment au Parthénon, aux Propylées, au temple d’Athéna Nikè, à la maison des Arrhéphores et sur les remparts. Parthénon. — Les travaux dans le pronaos et l’opisthodome ayant été achevés en 2004, les efforts ont porté sur la restauration de la colonnade Nord (fig. 1), qui prévoit la remise en place de huit colonnes (de la 4e à la 11e depuis l’Est) et de leur entablement ; l’achèvement de ce vaste projet améliorera la stabilité et l’aspect esthétique du monument. Propylées. — On a poursuivi les travaux de restauration des parties hautes du corps central, commencés en 2002 (toiture du portique Est et de la salle Ouest) (fig. 2). La restauration prévoit aussi la couverture, à l’aide de blocs antiques nouvellement restaurés, d’une partie du corps central, au-dessus du passage central, qui n’avait pas été concernée par la restauration de Balanos ; cette opération résoudra définitivement les problèmes statiques et améliorera la lisibilité du monument pour les visiteurs. Une étape importante a été la fabrication (2002-2006) de deux chapiteaux ioniques en marbre entièrement neufs (fig. 3), qui ont été posés sur les colonnes Nord-Est et Sud-Est de la salle Ouest. Temple d’Athéna Nikè. — Dans ce monument, dont la restauration a été entreprise en 2000, on a poursuivi la remise en place des blocs de la cella selon une nouvelle disposition qui corrige les erreurs des restaurations antérieures (fig. 4). Notons que la reconstruction du monument repose sur le nouveau châssis métallique, qui facilite la visite du sous-sol du monument où sont conservés les vestiges antérieurs (tour mycénienne, temple primitif). Maison des Arrhéphores. — Ce monument (salle carrée et péribole) situé au Nord-Ouest de l’Érechtheion, contre le rempart Nord de l’Acropole, est construit à l’aide de blocs d’un poros particulièrement friable. Dans le cadre des travaux de restauration du rempart, on a complètement remblayé les fondations du monument pour leur assurer une meilleure protection. L’étude architecturale et géotechnique prévoyait la couverture des blocs de poros à l’aide d’un matériau armé afin d’éviter les pressions latérales sur le rempart. Il s’agit là d’une étude pilote qui envisage de façon plus générale la question de l’aménagement du sol du plateau de l’Acropole. Rempart. — Le programme en cours comporte, d’une part, l’enregistrement détaillé de la forme et de l’état de conservation du monument, par orthophotographies (scan 3D) tout le long du rempart ; d’autre part, la surveillance des altérations de sa structure. Après une évaluation des diverses méthodes permettant de suivre les légers déplacements des éléments de construction, on a décidé d’appliquer une combinaison de méthodes mécaniques et de systèmes d’enregistrement électroniques de haute technologie. Pour ce faire, des appareils de mesure mécaniques ont été installés sur les fissures du rempart, afin de déterminer si et dans quelle mesure elles sont « actives ». Inventaire de blocs antiques. — Les travaux d’inventaire et de rangement des blocs antiques épars, menés en collaboration avec la Ire éphorie des antiquités préhistoriques et classiques (ΕΠΚΑ), ont été achevés en 2006. Aux 14 000 blocs inventoriés entre 1977 et 1999 se sont ajoutés 7 000 autres entre 2000 et 2006, sous la direction de K. Kissas. À partir de 2007, la même opération se poursuivra pour les blocs en poros.  En septembre 2006, un fragment provenant de la frise Nord du Parthénon (pied de la figure 29) et conservé à l’université de Heidelberg depuis 1871, a été rendu au musée de l’Acropole.  

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En 2005 et 2006, la fouille, menée sous la direction d’I. Peppa-Papaïoannou, a été poursuivie sur le site de ce monument situé à l’Est de l’Agora romaine (angle des rues Érechthéos et Kiristou). Les travaux ont porté sur trois secteurs : dans le premier (G3) la fouille a atteint le rocher à 3 m de profondeur, ce qui permet de mesurer la déclivité du sol. Dans le deuxième secteur (D3), on a abattu les bermes dans l’espoir de révéler le rempart romain tardif. Enfin la poursuite des fouilles dans les secteurs B2, B3 et B4 a partiellement mis au jour un vaste bâtiment construit à l’aide de blocs de poros réutilisés ; la taille et le traitement de la surface des blocs suggèrent qu’ils proviennent d’un bâtiment voisin d’époque romaine ou pré-romaine. Le mobilier recueilli couvre presque toutes les périodes, de l’époque archaïque à nos jours. On note un fragment de tête de cheval en marbre d’époque archaïque et une inscription fragmentaire d’époque romaine qui mentionne un gymnasiarque. Parallèlement aux fouilles, une équipe d’étudiants en post-diplôme a poursuivi l’enregistrement de tous les blocs errants sur le site, en vue de la publication finale.

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Les fouilles du métro en 1994-1995, à l’angle des rues Piréos et Iéras Odou (dirigées par E. Bazitopoulou-Valavani, IIIe éphorie des antiquités préhistoriques et classiques), avaient mis au jour une tombe peu profonde creusée dans la roche et contenant 150 squelettes entassés, de tous âges et sexes ; on avait supposé qu’il s’agissait d’une fosse commune pour les victimes de la peste qui ravagea Athènes au début de la guerre du Péloponnèse. Des analyses d’ADN pratiquées sur les dents de trois défunts ont été effectuées récemment par une équipe de l’université d’Athènes, sous la direction de M. Papagrigorakis (école dentaire), afin d’identifier l’origine microbienne exacte de la maladie. Les analyses ont détecté la présence de Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi, ce qui indique que l’épidémie fut très probablement provoquée par la fièvre typhoïde.

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En 2005 et 2006, l’Institut danois (B. Lovén), en collaboration avec l’éphorie des antiquités sous-marines (D. Kourkoumélis) et la XXIVe éphorie des antiquités préhistoriques et classiques (S. Michalopoulou), a poursuivi les fouilles et prospections sous-marines et terrestres. Les travaux ont porté, d’une part, sur les fortifications du port (zones 3 et 4), d’autre part sur les hangars à bateaux (zones 1, 2 et 3) (fig. 1). Ils ont aussi été étendus dans le port de Mounichie, sur la colline de Koumoundouros et le rivage de Peiraïki. Secteur Sud-Ouest du port (zone 4). On a poursuivi la prospection des carrières antiques submergées ; leur intégration dans la fortification classique indique que leur utilisation est antérieure ou contemporaine de la construction de celle-ci. Dans la partie Nord-Ouest de ce secteur, on a repéré deux structures (1 et 2), très bien conservées mais sans doute sans connexion entre elles : la structure 1 est constituée d’une série de 17 larges blocs rectangulaires orientés Nord-Est/Sud-Ouest. La structure 2 consiste elle aussi en une série de blocs rectangulaires en calcaire, orientés Nord-Sud, à 11,5 m du quai ; comme elle se trouvait au-dessous de deux grands yachts, elle n’a pas pu être examinée dans son ensemble ; on en a nettoyé six blocs, sur un total estimé à 12 ; presque tous les blocs examinés avaient de petites entailles rectangulaires aux angles. Dans la partie Sud-Ouest du secteur, on a repéré une tranchée de fondation taillée dans le rocher (larg. ca 1,12 m) ; elle suit l’orientation de la fortification antique et se trouve au Sud, donc à l’extérieur du port lui-même. Elle pourrait être liée soit à une autre phase des fortifications antiques, soit à un quai extérieur du port. Secteur Sud-Est du port (zones 2 et 3). Dans la zone 2 (juste au Nord de la zone 3), deux nouvelles structures submergées ont été explorées : la structure 4 est probablement liée au complexe des hangars à bateaux, faisant la connexion entre ceux de la phase I au Nord et ceux de la phase II au Sud. La structure 5 pourrait être une rampe de la phase I et dater du ve s. av. J.-C. Une découverte importante dans cette zone a été celle de couches en place qui permettront la datation précise des nouvelles structures. Dans la zone 3, les fouilles sous-marines ont été centrées sur la jonction entre le complexe des hangars à bateaux et l’entrée fortifiée du port. On y a identifié quatre hangars de la phase II ; leur partie Est a été utilisée comme carrière après la désaffection des hangars. Des entailles circulaires repérées au cours du nettoyage de surface correspondent peut-être à la tranchée de fondation d’une tour ronde ou d’une plate-forme. Dans cette même zone (3), on a aussi mené une reconnaissance terrestre pour identifier des vestiges de la fortification : des fondations de murs taillées dans le rocher ont été repérées, nettoyées, photographiées et relevées (fig. 2) ; à un endroit, le changement de direction de cette fondation indiquerait la présence d’une tour. Secteur Est (zone 1). L’exploration sous-marine des hangars à bateaux à cet endroit a permis de reconnaître trois phases de construction : la plus ancienne (phase I) correspond à des entailles dans le rocher trouvées sur quatre rampes ; aucun élément ne peut être associé à la superstructure de ces rampes. Elles pourraient avoir fait partie de hangars à bateaux ou avoir servi de cales de halage non couvertes. De la phase II datent les hangars monumentaux dont les restes sont conservés dans la mer, tandis qu’à la phase III (IVe s.) appartiennent les extensions des hangars doubles. Les résultats préliminaires de la recherche montrent clairement que les constructions de la phase II ont servi de fondation pour celles de la phase III. Nous savons que la plupart des hangars furent détruits à la fin de la guerre du Péloponnèse (404/403 av. J.-C.) ; les phases I et II datent donc du Ve s. Dans cette zone (1), outre les recherches sous-marines, on a mené une campagne terrestre au cours de laquelle on a réexaminé, à l’aide d’une station totale plus perfectionnée, la partie haute des hangars à bateaux 1, h et c, situés dans le sous-sol de l’immeuble de la rue Siranghiou. « CHIMERA Project ». En 2005, le Zea Harbour Project a inauguré le nouveau programme CHIMERA (Cultural Heritage Interactive Media Environment for Reality Augmentation), en collaboration avec l’université d’Aalborg (section d’architecture et de design). L’objectif de ce programme est d’élaborer des reconstructions 3D permettant de visualiser les installations navales antiques du Pirée. Un rapport préliminaire sur les résultats des six premières campagnes dans le port (2001-2006) est publié dans Proceedings of the Danish Institute at Athens (PDIA) V (2007), p. 61-74, par B. Lovén, G. Steinhauer, D. Kourkoumelis et M. Moller Nielsen. Dans le même volume, on trouve deux autres articles portant sur les mêmes travaux, notamment sur trois tours du rempart dans le quartier de Peiraïki, par M. Moller Nielsen (p. 75-88), et sur un dépôt de tuiles, par M. K. Schaldemose (p. 89-100).

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En 2005 et 2006, les membres du Zea Harbour Project ont étendu leurs travaux dans le port de Mikrolimano (antique Mounichie ou κλειστός λιμήν) afin d’explorer sa fortification et d’y rechercher de probables hangars à bateaux. Fortification. L’exploration de la fortification de Mounichie a été entreprise dans l’espoir de rassembler des informations qui permettraient aussi une meilleure connaissance de la fortification du port de Zéa, notamment de ses tours, dont il ne reste plus aucun vestige. Une brève prospection sous-marine, menée en plusieurs points du port, a permis la découverte de nombreux vestiges antiques. Dans la zone 1 de Mikrolimano, on a examiné la tour Nord (M-T1) qui est partiellement conservée ; elle mesure ca 12-13 m de diamètre et s’élève sur 3,92 m (9,24 m avec les fondations). Dans la zone 10, on a repéré plusieurs murs ainsi que les fondations de la tour 2 (M-T2) dont les états et la technique de construction semblent différents (fig. 1-2). Enfin, on a aussi repéré un grand nombre de vestiges architecturaux aux abords de la tour 3 (M-T3). Sur la colline de Koumoundouros, située entre les ports de Zéa et de Mikrolimano/Mounichie, on a relevé les vestiges de fortifications conservés dans la partie inférieure de la colline, à l’extérieur de Mikrolimano (au Sud de la tour M-T3) ; d’autre part, on a prospecté la partie supérieure de la colline pour avoir une idée de l’étendue des fortifications. Hangars à bateaux. Dans deux secteurs (Mounichie zones 8 et 9) on a repéré, dans la mer, de grands blocs rectangulaires en place (au moins cinq), dont certains pourraient appartenir à des bases de colonnes ; ces vestiges suggèrent la présence de hangars à bateaux.

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En 2006, l’activité du Zea Harbour Project a été étendue au littoral de Peiraïki, où l’on a exploré deux tours de la fortification antique, tour 1 (P-T1) et tour 2 (P-T2) ; les tours ont été nettoyées et ont fait l’objet d’un relevé numérique (fig. 1). 

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Nécropole mycénienne. — En 2006, on a entrepris des fouilles dans la région de la nécropole mycénienne afin de mieux comprendre son organisation et de mieux contextualiser le mobilier provenant des fouilles précédentes de l’école belge, notamment celui de la tombe V. Quatre sondages ont été effectués (A, B, C, D) ; les résultats les plus intéressants proviennent du sondage B, où un dépôt de céramique protogéométrique constitue un document rare à Thorikos et jusqu’à présent inconnu sur le Vélatouri. Théâtre. — En 2006, une campagne de nettoyage a été menée dans la cavea du théâtre antique sous la direction de R. Docter (université de Gand). La partie Est de celle-ci avait été restaurée en 2001 par le Service archéologique, mais, depuis lors, le monument a beaucoup souffert à cause de la végétation, notamment dans ses parties centrale et occidentale.

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En 2005 et 2006, à Tsépi, les fouilles dans la nécropole HA ont été poursuivies, sous la direction de M. Pantélidou-Gofa, mettant au jour trois nouvelles tombes (47, 68, 45) du type connu (rectangulaire construite avec entrée et vestibule) mais présentant certaines particularités : la tombe 47 était recouverte de deux grandes dalles posées à des niveaux différents (fig. 1-2) ; la tombe 68, qui n’avait pas de couverture, contenait un grand nombre de sépultures antérieures à la dernière et plusieurs réductions (13 crânes en tout) ; la sépulture la plus récente appartenait à un enfant dont le squelette a été retrouvé intact, accompagné de quelques perles en os et deux lames d’obsidienne ; la tombe 45, qui avait l’entrée au Nord et non à l’Est comme d’habitude, contenait trois sépultures dont les restes de deux squelettes d’enfants ; les crânes de ces derniers avaient été ouverts en deux par une pierre retrouvée in situ. Ces trois tombes, situées à l’extrémité du cimetière, sont parmi les plus récentes ; il est à noter qu’elles ne contenaient pas de vases ni d’autres objets de valeur ; les défunts étaient souvent recouverts de cailloux. D’autre part, on a poursuivi la restauration de la céramique provenant de la fosse-dépotoir fouillée en 1999-2000 ; ce travail a été financé par l’INSTAP.

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En 2006, des sondages ont été effectués, sous la direction d’A. Mazarakis-Ainian, dans le « terrain des prisons » (ex-terrain A. Syngros), situé à l’Est de l’établissement géométrique, en vue de vérifier les résultats des prospections géophysiques menées en 2004. Dans la partie Nord du terrain, une tranchée Est-Ouest (sondage A) n’a mis au jour que des fragments épars de céramique hellénistique et romaine. Dans la partie Sud-Ouest du terrain (sondage B), on a dégagé un segment de mur (haut. 1,50 m, larg. 0,45 m) qui était destiné à protéger l’établissement archaïque contre les inondations ; malgré sa robustesse, le mur ne put résister à une grande inondation à la suite de laquelle l’habitat fut abandonné. À proximité on a repéré un deuxième mur de fonction inconnue et une grande fosse ellipsoïdale (1,80 x 2,70 m) recouverte de sable et de cailloux. La fosse, dont les parois étaient enduites d’argile verdâtre, contenait un matériel hétérogène et brûlé, mélangé à de la terre et des cailloux : briques crues, fragments de tuiles corinthiennes, vases presque complets ou fragmentaires, clous en bronze et en fer provenant de mobilier en bois brûlé, cinq monnaies en bronze, des ossements d’animaux et des coquillages marins. Le mobilier de cette fosse-bûcher date du IVe et du IIIe s. av. J.-C., période de prospérité pour Oropos, mais on ignore pour quelles raisons elle fut creusée.

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À Kanakia, sur la côte Sud-Ouest de l'île, les fouilles sur l’acropole mycénienne se sont poursuivies, en 2005 et 2006, sous la direction de Y. G. Lolos[1], en collaboration avec la IIe éphorie des antiquités préhistoriques et classiques. De nouveaux vestiges du vaste complexe G, de caractère sans doute palatial, ont été mis au jour : on a jusqu’à présent dégagé 45 pièces (750 m2) qui s’organisent sur quatre terrasses. Le fouilleur identifie cette acropole avec la capitale antique de l’île (v. BCH 127 [2003] Chron., p. 731), appelée Kychréia dans une inscription du Ier s. av. J.-C. trouvée sur l’Acropole d’Athènes ; il s’agirait du siège des Éacides et d’Ajax fils de Télamon. Un « trésor » d’objets en bronze a notamment livré une plaque de cuirasse à écailles de type anatolien portant le cartouche de Ramsès II.   [1] Nous remercions vivement M. Y. Lolos pour les informations et les illustrations qu’il a eu l’amabilité de nous fournir.

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Sur la colline de Sklavos qui surplombe le golfe de Maroudi, sur la côte Sud-Est de l’île,  une équipe de prospection, sous la direction de Y.G. Lolos (Université de Ioannina), a repéré (1997-2004) une acropole du Bronze Moyen. Particulièrement intéressante est la succession de six ou sept périboles sur les flancs Nord-Ouest et Ouest de la colline ; le péribole inférieur est le plus puissant, de caractère sans doute fortifié. La céramique recueillie date de l’HM II-III et renferme des importations d’Égine et de Mélos (Phylakopi).   Sur le mont Kochi, au-dessus de la grotte d’Euripide à Péristéria, une prospection a été menée en 2005. Elle a permis de localiser, sur le sommet de la colline, des vestiges architecturaux des époques classique et hellénistique, de caractère apparemment militaire : ceux d’une tour (?) et d’un puissant péribole circulaire qui pourrait être un rempart ; on note aussi la présence d’un échiquier gravé sur le rocher, juste au-dessus du péribole.

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À Lazaridès, petit village de montagne situé sur la côte Est de l’île, l’université d’Athènes a poursuivi, en 2005 et 2006, sous la direction de N. Sgouritsa[1], les recherches dans l’établissement du Bronze Récent. Après trois campagnes de prospection (2002-2004), au cours desquelles on a repéré plusieurs petites pièces d’habitation, des tronçons d’un puissant mur (d’enceinte ?) et deux nouvelles tombes à chambre, on a entrepris (octobre 2006) le dégagement d’une des trois tombes à chambre construites HR fouillées antérieurement (1979-1980) pour en étudier de plus près les détails techniques. La chambre, de plan presque carré (ca 7 m2, haut. 1,60-1,80 m), était construite à l’aide de gros moellons sans mortier. L’entrée était désaxée sur l’un des plus petits côtés, le dromos dans l’axe de l’entrée. L’inclinaison des parois de la chambre est minime, celle des parastades de l’entrée bien nette au contraire. La couverture était constituée de grosses plaques. La découverte, dans le remblai des tombes mycéniennes, de trois objets en fer dont l’examen microscopique a montré qu’ils n’étaient pas postérieurs aux tombes et qu’ils présentaient des caractéristiques techniques diverses indique la place importante de cet habitat dans les réseaux d’échanges du XIIIe s. av. J.-C. et la présence, sans doute limitée, d’objets de fer avant le XIe s. av. J.-C. dans l’espace helladique. [1] Nous remercions vivement Mme N. Sgouritsa pour les informations et les illustrations qu’elle a eu l’amabilité de nous fournir.  

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À Kolona, la campagne de 2005, menée sous la direction de F. Felten (université de Salzbourg), a porté sur deux secteurs : le complexe Ouest dit « Attaleion » et la colline Sud.   1) Complexe Ouest, dit « Attaleion ». La poursuite des fouilles dans ce complexe, fouillé à l’origine par A. Furtwängler et G. Welter, avait pour objectif d’élucider son histoire architecturale et sa datation. Dans une pièce (Est) du bâtiment Sud on a démonté le pavement du sol hellénistique pour atteindre le sol d’époque classique, dont on a reconnu deux états. Au-dessous de ceux-ci on a atteint un troisième sol, antérieur au bâtiment. Plus en profondeur on a rencontré un niveau de pierres contenant deux tombes d’époque géométrique ainsi que des traces d’autres tombes. Sur la terrasse située à l’Est du complexe, on a poursuivi l’exploration du vaste bâtiment d’époque classique (II) et du bâtiment (I) antérieur au précédent. La fouille du bâtiment (I) a mis au jour plusieurs sols successifs, dont certains appartenaient à une structure plus ancienne. Les sols des bâtiments I et II renfermaient plusieurs fosses ; celles du bâtiment II étaient remplies de vases de cuisine et de banquet dont de grands fragments de cratères à figures rouges de la première moitié du Ve s. av. J.-C., l’un d’eux décoré de la scène d’Héraklès saisissant le trépied. Au-dessous du plus ancien sol du bâtiment I, on a repéré une tombe sans mobilier qui doit sans doute être mise en rapport avec les tombes géométriques trouvées dans le bâtiment Sud. Dans ce même niveau ont été rencontrés les premiers vestiges préhistoriques : des murs associés à de la céramique du début de l’époque mycénienne et du Bronze Moyen. Une nouvelle rue a été repérée immédiatement au Sud du mur Sud du bâtiment I. Orientée Est-Ouest, elle est large de 3 m et fut en usage de l’époque archaïque à l’époque byzantine. Du côté Sud, elle est limitée par une série de grands blocs qui doivent appartenir à un mur d’enceinte (diateichisma ?) datant sans doute de la période pergaménienne ; la présence d’un grand seuil très usé au croisement des rues suggère la présence d’une porte vers l’acropole.   2) Colline Sud. — La poursuite des fouilles dans ce secteur, non encore fouillé, avait pour objectif principal l’examen de la séquence des niveaux du Bronze Moyen. De fait, dans les carrés Q2 et Q5, on a repéré des murs de bâtiments datant de la fin du BM ou de la transition vers le BR ; dans les niveaux profonds du carré Q6, un niveau de sol du BA III. De nouveaux vestiges du vaste bâtiment du BM construit en grosses pierres (« Großsteinbau »), ont été explorés dans ce même carré (au-dessous d’un mur en grand appareil classico-hellénistique qui pourrait être un mur de téménos) ainsi que dans le carré Q3 (au-dessous du four de potier mycénien). Cela a permis de constater que ce bâtiment mesurait au moins 30 m du Nord au Sud. Parmi la céramique recueillie, on mentionne une cruche minoenne complète (fig.1) ainsi que plusieurs fragments de céramique fine. À noter aussi la découverte, à l’intérieur d’une fosse fouillée jadis par Welter à cet endroit, d’un lot de poterie du BM de très belle qualité ainsi que de deux sceaux cylindriques sans parallèle connu en Égée, décorés d’êtres humains et d’animaux (scorpions ou chèvres). L’examen macroscopique des sceaux indique qu’ils sont faits dans une argile locale. Leur présence et leur association au « Großsteinbau » pourrait suggérer l’existence, à Égine, de structures administratives à une époque ou de telles structures n’étaient jusqu’à présent connues qu’en Crète minoenne.

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En 2005, sous la direction de B. Wells, plusieurs sondages ont été réalisés dans le sanctuaire de Poséidon pour en préciser l’histoire : on a poursuivi la fouille de la citerne repérée en 2004, dont l’utilisation peut être datée d’après 50 av. J.-C. Les trouvailles les plus significatives sont constituées d’ossements d’animaux qui impliquent la pratique de rites en liaison avec une divinité infernale ; un autel et les murs de terrasse (mur 30) peuvent être datés de la première moitié du VIe s. av. J.-C. L’autel est resté en usage jusqu’à l’époque hellénistique ; une structure circulaire repérée en 2004 s’est révélée être un four, datable de la fin de l’époque archaïque ; il s’avère qu’avant la construction du bâtiment D à la fin du IVe s., la zone avait été nivelée à deux reprises, vers 550 d’abord, puis à nouveau vers 500, quand fut édifié le temple de Poséidon avec son péribole. De la même époque date le creusement de plusieurs citernes probablement reliées en chapelet par des canaux souterrains. À la fin du IVe s. l’accès au Sud-Ouest se faisait par un escalier.

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Une prospection, en 2006, par l’équipe du professeur A. Sarris, dans le prolongement de celle menée en 2004, a confirmé la présence d’importantes structures à l’extérieur des limites supposées du sanctuaire. Des restes d’habitat repérés au Sud-Est doivent correspondre au site de l’antique cité de Calaurie.

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Dans le cadre du Kythera Island Project C. Broodbank (University College London) et E. Kiriatzi (École Britannique) ont poursuivi, en 2005 et 2006, l’étude du matériel recueilli au cours des campagnes précédentes. Une nette différence s’observe entre le matériel de technique grossière, destiné à la production, récolté sur les sites de l’intérieur, et celui, nettement plus fin, destiné à la consommation, trouvé sur les sites côtiers autour de Kastri, riches en céramique fine et importée. Des lingots de bronze, dans un contexte daté du MR IA ou MR IA/B, constituent probablement les plus anciens lingots de la période néopalatiale retrouvés en mer Égée. D’autre part, une étude diachronique de la taille et des changements fonctionnels de l’établissement de Kastri a été tentée à l’aide de statistiques (« probabilistic GIS ») fondées sur l’analyse du matériel céramique. La recherche géo-archéologique a produit d’intéressants résultats grâce aux échantillons de pollens ramassés à Skafidi et à de nouvelles datations par C14. On dispose désormais de repères chronologiques précis pour fixer les modifications intervenues au niveau de la flore et de l’histoire sédimentaire du bassin.

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A. Bevan (University College London), J. Connolly (Institut Canadien) et A. Tsaravopoulos (XXVIe éphorie des antiquités préhistoriques et classiques) ont mené, en 2005, une campagne de prospection qui a couvert les deux tiers de l’île. 54.000 tessons ont été récoltés, dont 7.000 ont été sélectionnés pour étude, et plus de vingt sites repérés, dont deux avec d’importantes concentrations d’artéfacts proto-helladiques. S’y ajoutent 760 éléments lithiques (silex ou obsidienne). En l’absence de dépôt stratifié, seule la comparaison avec le matériel provenant de régions voisines permet d’établir une séquence qui inclut le Néolithique final, l’Âge du bronze et les époques hellénistique, romaine tardive et byzantine. S’y ajoutent de nombreux fragments de poterie de l’époque de la recolonisation de l’île à partir de la fin du ΧVIIIe siècle. Une attention particulière a été accordée à la récolte du matériel néolithique et de l’Âge du bronze. On prévoit de quadriller tous les sites préhistoriques et d’y procéder à des relevés exhaustifs.

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Pounda peninsula, Glyfada. K. Kaza-Papageorgiou reports the discovery of an extensive EH cemetery on the side of a low hill a few metres from the last bay of Asteria on the Pounda peninsula. Clusters of small chamber tombs were cut into the hard limestone and a long wall encloses the cemetery on the side facing the sea.

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Markopoulo. E. Salavoura reports the excavation of a cluster of 4 small Mycenaean chamber tombs with long dromoi on the Sotheast edge of the plain of Merenda. The tombs contained 10 burials accompanied by much local pottery; of particular interest are a bovine figurine and a bronze razor. The excavator interprets the site as a small family cemetery which began in LHIIIA2 and continued in use until LHIIIB−LHIIIC.

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Agios Georgios, Kalloni. E. Konsolaki-Yiannopoulou (ΚΣτ’ ΕΠΚΑ) notes the excavation in 2005-6 of a Middle Helladic settlement which continued into the early Mycenaean period. A few LHIIIA-B sherds had previously been reported at this site.

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Aegina, Kolonna. A series of studies reviews aspects of the material culture and subsistence practices of Middle Helladic Kolonna (Fig. 1). Ceramic typology: the final stages of Early Helladic III are characterised by short-lived decoration and shapes such as the narrow-necked jug. Cycladic influences and imports appear after the end of the EH II/Phylakopi I culture. (Figs 2, 3). Apsidal structures are built in this final stage of EH III/transitional MBA. The transition to MBA is characterised e.g. by the first appearance of unpainted bowls with incurving rim and the beginning of pot-marking locally produced vessels. Minoan imports and technology appear at the beginning of the Middle Bronze Age, with changes in pottery production exemplified by the appearance of Aeginetan matt-painted pottery. The nucleus of the Large Building Complex, the town’s administrative centre and mansion, was established in the centre of the innermost city, with massive walls of large stone blocks (Fig. 4). Its plan remains unclear, but it covered an area between 230 and 680m2 (the latter following its extension in the time of the Aeginetan shaft grave, when the Kolonna settlement extended towards the east). High quality pottery found inside the building reflects its status. Aeginetan local production of Minoan type pottery, represented mostly by drinking and cooking vessels, differs from more traditionally local products in that it is wheelmade with no potter’s marks so far identified (Figs 5-7). The Large Building Complex remained in use until the beginning of the Late Bronze Age. A pit inside it yielded two cylindrical objects in local clay, a seal and an object with relief decoration, depicting humans, animals and spirals (Figs 8-10). Both are unique at Kolonna and on the Greek mainland. They may indicate administration and bureaucracy.   Insights into living conditions at Kolonna are gained from a study of subadults buried in the EH I-LH settlement, examining diet, health status, and episodes of stress in pregnancy and the neonatal phase. Basic anthropological and palaeopathological data were recorded on 48 individuals (12 EH I, 9 EH III/MH, 18 MH and 9 LH): 41 died before the age of 3 months (10 were stillbirths, 24 perinatal deaths, and 7 babies). (Fig. 11). Macroscopic examination revealed no evidence of fractures or cranial lesions. X-rays of the long bones of new-borns (for Harris Lines) and histology of cross-sections of their teeth showed that they suffered no stress responses around birth (Fig. 12). A pilot DNA test for sex identification produced a signal in only one case (a girl in her eighth month). Demographic trends are evaluated over the study period and comparison made with infant mortality at MH Asine and Lerna. While perinatal mortality remained highest, it declined over the period, although there is a converse trend for increased premature stillbirth. However, this may also reflect burial practices in a prosperous community.   Turning to subsistence, MH II fills associated with the Large Building Complex contained large quantities of faunal remains, mostly of domesticated mammals. Sheep and goat rearing was favoured. Rare remains of wild mammals come exclusively from prestigious hunted species as stags, fallow and roe deer and probably also wild boar, aurochs and even a lion (Fig. 13). Pigeons form the great majority of identifiable bird bones (Fig. 14), although part of a cormorant skeleton is also noted (Fig. 15). Part of the dorsal carapace of a tortoise reveals cut marks perhaps linked to non-subsistence use, e.g. for the sound-box of a musical instrument (Fig. 16). Similarities with subsistence patterns on Minoan Crete are observed. For all that the botanical remains consist of slight quantities of carbonised grain, a large range of cereals and legumes is present. Arboriculture is attested by fig and grape pips, as well as olive stones. These remains represent the consumption preferences of the inhabitants of the Large Building Complex: it is not yet permissable to generalise about the entire settlement.   Marine faunal remains found in MH levels at Kolonna consist of gastropods, bivalves, several cuttlefish, and numerous fish bones. Gastropods are mostly limpets, turbo and purple snails, with occasional instances of other species such as tuns. The most common bivalves are Spondylus gaederopus (Fig. 17) and Noah’s Ark shell, as well as cockles, scallops, mussels and pen shell. In addition to their culinary uses, shells were also raw material for the manufacture of attachments or personal ornament, in which case they were perforated (Fig. 18). Fish remains also encompass a large variety of species, large and small confirming the complexity of their exploitation and their important role in the subsistence of the MH population (Fig. 19).

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Livadi, Church of Agios Andreas. M. Papadimitriou (1st EBA) reports that excavation revealed an older, ninth- to tenth-century construction phase.  

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Palaiopoli, Church of Agios Panteleimon. M. Papadimitriou (1st EBA) reports the discovery, in excavation outside the church, of the remains of wallpaintings along the length of the north and south walls, and of a floor of the Early Christian period. 

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Library of Hadrian. Nikos Tsoniotis (Α’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports on further excavation of the Late Roman wall. The part of the wall between Areos Street and the south section of the Library ranges from 3.4 to 4.2m in thickness, probably due to a projection on the inner face which may have been intended to strengthen the section of the wall adjacent to the gate on its east. Both the projection and the inner face of the wall contain reused stone. The upper surface of two blocks, 1.68m long, was revealed. The southwest corner of the projection had been damaged and repaired with bricks. Fifteenth- and sixteenth-century glazed sherds were excavated from the layer covering the blocks. The fill of the wall (soil and reddish mortar) contained fragments of brick and marble spolia. In front of the Late Roman gate at the western edge of the south enclosure of the Library, excavation revealed a 0.23m high marble threshold placed over a 0.49 m high block belonging to the southern enclosure (a third block below this was excavated to a depth of 0.14m). According to the excavator, the gate was either contemporary with the Late Roman wall, since its threshold is at the same level as the west peristyle, or dates to the fifth century AD. At a later (undetermined) period, the level of the threshold was raised with the addition of an Ionian cornice fragment.

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ATHENS, Madrasa. Nikos Tsoniotis (Α’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports on further excavation of the Late Roman wall inside the Madrasa. The wall was built in composite style combining layers of brick with pseudo-isodomic masonry (stone blocks and reused orthostats) - the only section of the wall so far excavated where this combination was used so consistently. The masonry was revealed to a height of 1.95m. The lowest course preserves a coating of pale thick-grained sand: the mortar is of similar consistency but does not appear to be solid. A destruction layer, containing fragments of brick, roof tile and mortar, and traces of burning, covered this section of the wall. Pottery in this layer dates from the first half of the second century BC to the first half of the third century AD.

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Plaka, 5 Dioskouron Street (property of Andrattol Ltd). Nikos Tsoniotis (Α’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports on excavations in the courtyard and the interior of this building. Parts of a silo and a cobbled floor were revealed on the north side of the courtyard. The walls of the modern building were set on an ancient stone wall in places preserved to a height of 2m (some blocks appear to have been moved from their original position in order to fit the subsequent architectural plan). The central part of the building was largely constructed from ancient and Byzantine architectural spolia, and fragments of sculpture and inscriptions.

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Plaka, 17 Tholos Street (property of H. Mauroleon). Nikos Tsoniotis (Α’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports that rescue excavation in the southeastern and northwestern parts of the ground floor of the Mauroleon building revealed part of a (probably Ottoman) silo and a rectangular stone construction preserving coating on its interior, built partially over a brick floor. South of this floor a π-shaped pipe was excavated. In total 58 architectural spolia were transported to the Α’ ΕΠΚΑ storeroom. 

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Plaka, 9 Kyrristou Street (Conalex AE building). Nikos Tsoniotis (Α’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports on excavation following the partial demolition of the Conalex AE building. Find include Middle Byzantine pottery, 83 early Christian and Middle Byzantine architectural spolia, and an intact, fifth-century slab with a cross in a circle.  Most of the architectural spolia were fragmentary and none were found in situ: they were removed to  the Roman Agora and piled east of the Tower of the Winds. 

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Plaka, 94 Adrianou Street. Nikos Tsoniotis (Α’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the chance discovery of a fragment of the body of a statue of Aphrodite wearing a chiton and himation in the fill of the Late Roman wall. 

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Acharnai, 38 Souliou Street (property of L. Pliatsika and M. Baliousi). Maria Platonos (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of nine graves. Grave 1: a cist (0.83 x 1.90m 0.62m) oriented northeast-southwest, constructed from five, carefully-worked, limestone slabs. Half lay in the adjacent property to the east of this plot. The grave contained an inhumation in supine position with 10 offerings which date it to 440-420 BC: a black-glazed phialidio, two lekythoi, a black-glazed pyxis, a white-ground lekythos, a ribbed squat lekythos, a red-figure lekythos, and three alabastra (two of alabaster and one of glass). Grave 2: a rectangular niche of limestone (0.65 x 1.1m, 0.5m high, oriented northeast-southwest) lay to the south of grave 1. A bronze cauldron within a circular cutting in the centre of the niche contained cremated bones, traces of fabric, and an alabaster alabastron. Graves 3, 4 and 5: three limestone cists in the middle of the plot, oriented northwest-southeast. Grave 3, the best preserved (0.67m wide x 1.75 long x 0.55 deep), contained a supine inhumation and a black-glaze, ribbed squat lekythos. Only the northeast half of grave 4 is preserved (0.65m wide x 1.05 long x 0.54 deep), and only the western part of grave 5 (0.67m wide x 1.75 long x 0.55 deep); no skeletal remains were found in the latter, only a ribbed squat lekythos with a red-figure palmette inside the grave and a miniature phiale in its backfill. Grave 6: a tile grave (0.45/0.53 x 1.36 x 0.12m,) oriented southeast-northwest and bordered with unworked stones, lay to the northwest of graves 3-5. It contained skeletal remains in poor condition and a fragmentary iron strigil. Grave 7: a limestone sarcophagus in the north part of the plot, oriented southeast-northwest and with a flat cover slab (0.9 x 2.1m), contained a supine inhumation, three lekythoi, an alabaster alabastron and a bronze mirror. It dates to the end of the fifth century BC. Grave 8: a secondary cremation in a west slope hydria of the beginning of the third century, placed in a pit and covered with an undecorated lekanis, lay to the west of grave 7. Grave 9: a limestone sarcophagus (0.7 x 2.95 x 0.65m) with two flat cover slabs, oriented northeast-southwest, at the northwest corner of the plot. It contained a supine inhumation and is dated by the grave offerings - two alabaster alabastra, two phialidia, a black-glazed saltcellar and a bronze mirror – to the end of the fifth century BC.

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Acharnai, 9 Lepeniotou Street (property of E. Rouka). Maria Platonos (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of graves and pyres at the south side of the plot. Grave 1: a cist built of thin slabs of greyish stone, oriented northeast-southwest. Grave 2: a tile grave (of black washed cover tiles used for both walls and floor), oriented northeast-southwest, to the east of Grave 1 and Pyre 1. Offerings (a squat lekythos with wavy decoration, a black-glazed squat lekythos, a black-glaze conical bead, and a seashell) date the grave to the end of the fifth or the beginning of the fourth century BC. Further sherds were collected from the fill of the grave. Pyre 1: a severely damaged pyre oriented northeast-southwest to the east of grave 1. Pyre 2: another pyre, oriented northeast-southwest, produced a few burned sherds and bones. Pyre 3: north of grave 2, part of a third pyre, oriented north-south, produced only a few burned sherds. Pyre 4: a forth pyre between grave 2 and pyre 2, oriented northeast-southwest, produced just a few sherds and fragments from an iron object (possibly a strigil). Two mid fifth-century white-ground lekythoi were excavated in the area of the pyres. Three small clay larnakes at the south edge of the plot were broken by the bulldozer on the first day of construction work.  Four vessels of the second half of the fifth century BC were found in the area of these larnakes (three white-ground lekythoi, and a black-figure squat lekythos). Surface finds from the plot include two lidded lekanides with lids (one one-handled and one two-handled), a black-glaze miniature kotyle, and a black-glazed olpe, of the second half of the fifth century BC.

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Acharnai, Karaoli Street (O.T. 136A, property of D. Savvides and M. Perikliotes). Maria Platonos (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of two graves. Grave 1: a monolithic marble sarcophagus (external dimensions 0.8 x 2.15 x 0.725m) with a rebate around the interior and a pedimental cover, found in the southern part of the plot and oriented east-west. The rebate and upper part of the interior are carefully worked, while the lower part and the exterior are rougher with visible tooling. Pieces of wood recovered 0.3m from the bottom of the sarcophagus probably come from the bier. The sarcophagus contained adult bones, a bronze spatula and spoon (probably medical tools), and an iron nail. A broken bronze hydria found under the northwest corner of the sarcophagus had a vertical fluted handle and decoration of a silenus head between two lions Grave 2: a simple cist south of grave 1, overlaid with pebbles and covered with roof-tiles. The eastern edge is delimited by tiles and the western by two rows of stones in a semicircular arrangement. The grave was probably used for multiple burials. Two crania, a few bones, a lamp, and a late fourth-century AD oinochoe were found in its eastern part. 

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Acharnai, 50 Liosion Street and Neas Zois Street (O.T. 42, property of Ch. and F. Speliopoulou). Maria Platonos (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of two silos. That to the west was built of rubble and coated with lime mortar and sand plaster. In the middle was a flat-bottomed cavity coated with lime mortar. Its dimensions are 0.34m height, 1.23m diameter, and 0.56m cavity diameter. Half of a second silo adjacent to it was also exposed, built of the same materials but larger and more durable. It is 0.47m high, 1.81m in diameter and with a cavity 1.03m in diameter.   A few sherds of plain domestic pottery were collected from the area. 

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Acharnai, Athinon and A. Vrettou Streets (property of S. Phyta). Maria Platonos (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of two silos. The first, preserved to its full height (1.63m), has walls of rubble, soil, tiles and lime mortar, a schist lining on the bottom, and a cover slab.  It is 0.62m in diameter at the top and 1.42m at the bottom. To the south, part of the second silo was excavated bottom is laid with limestone slabs and its diameter is 1.20 metres. Its walls are constructed similarly to silo 1 and their thickness is 0.20 metres. The silo’s maximum preserved height is 0.70 metres.  

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Acharnai, Thourias Street and an unnamed street (O.T. Γ 1407, property of B. and A. Pappa). Maria Platonos (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a water channel running northeast-southwest. The  eastern part, built of two tiles, is triangular in section, while the western, of four, is elliptical. River pebbles were placed along the joins between tiles. 

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Acharnai, 7 Thucydides Street (O.T. 61, property of K. Bardi and E. Gaitana). Maria Platonos (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a deposit of Classical and Roman sherds (lekythoi, plates, amphorae and pithoi) and two stone querns. 

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Acharnai, Demosthenes and Agiou Konstantinou Streets (property of A. And E. Moustakatou). Maria Platonos (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of an intact silo built of rubble, soil, tiles and lime mortar, with marble slabs on the floor. Its dimensions are: external height 1.52m, internal height 1.42m, internal diam. 1.34m (bottom), 1.18m (middle), 0.79m (top).

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Acharnai, 62 Damaskos Street (O.T. 217, property of K. Karagianni). Maria Platonos (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of four pithoi (one intact and three broken).  One of the broken pithoi was surrounded by a man-made construction of rubble, tile and soil.

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Acharnai, Loutro, 23 Loutrou Street (property of Anastasiou Brothers). Maria Platonos (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of part of a cistern built of rubble, river pebbles, soil and mortar, with a 0.05m-thick layer of plaster coating all interior surfaces and vertically placed tiles at the bottom. Part of a funerary stele depicting a loutrophoros and two male figures was incorporated into one wall. Additionally, few sherds from black-glazed and undecorated vessels were revealed. 

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Acharnai, Lathea B’ area, Ephebeias and Dede Streets (property of P. Brettos). Maria Platonos (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of four silos built of rubble, tiles and mortar, plastered inside.  Their dimensions are: silo 1 (intact): 1.08m external diameter, 0.43m internal; silo 2: 1.37m height, 1.34m external diameter and 0.54/1.10/0.70m internal. Silo 3 was preserved to a height of 0.78m, with an external diameter of 0.81m and an internal of 0.45m, and tiles and rubble carefully placed around the rim exterior. Cistern 4 was partly destroyed by the bulldozer. Mostly Roman pottery was collected from the area.

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Acharnai, Auliza, 54 Bardousion Street (property of D. and D. Giannouli). Maria Platonos (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of four burials. Burial 1: in an amphora in the southeast of the plot which also contained a black-glaze saltcellar and sherds of a black-glaze stemless cup, dating the burial is dated to the mid fifth century BC. Burial 2: two ceramic lekanides (one placed over the other as a lid) were found to the northeast of burial 1; rows of pebbles were arranged around and under them, but the basins contained neither bones nor grave goods. Burial 3: a pithos burial in the middle of the plot, covered with a lekanis (black-glazed on the inside and with black band decoration on the exterior), contained two lekythoi and four miniature skyphoi of the second half of the fifth century BC. Burial 4: the western part of a pyre (0.9m long, oriented north-south) was preserved in the south part of the plot; no finds were excavated from the ash layer.

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Acharnai, Agios Athanasios, Sagariou Street (O.T. 1550, property of A. Pasalide). Maria Platonos (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of nine graves. Grave 1: in the middle of the plot, the upper part of a small pithos, oriented north-south. While it contained no finds, the presence of pyres in the area suggests that this may have been a pithos burial. Removal of the pithos revealed a trefoil-mouthed oinochoe, a Corinthian pyxis and two miniature kotylai, dated in the first half of the seventh century BC. Grave 2: south of grave 1, a tile grave (0.73 x 0.5 x 0.28m, oriented northwest-southeast) contained no bones or burial offerings. Two sherds of a Corinthian aryballos were collected from the area. Grave 3: a pithos burial (oriented east-west) in the eastern part of the plot. The pithos, which had been repaired with lead clamps, contained only a few bones and sherds. Grave 4: a tiles grave (0.54 x 1.2 x0.5m) similar to grave 2, oriented northwest-southeast, containing a supine inhumation. Both faces of the tiles preserve black slip. Grave 5: a half-preserved pithos burial (0.79 x 0.5m) northwest of grave 1. Pyres 1, 2, 3: three pyres in parallel south of grave 1. Only the western part of the southernmost pyre 1 was preserved (0.57 x 1.6 x 0.52m, oriented north-south); the few sherds excavated from the ash layer include a rim fragment with serpent decoration. To the north, only the west edge of pyre 2 survives: a globular trefoil-mouthed oinochoe came from the ash layer. Only the northern part of pyre 3 was preserved. Pyre 4: pyre 4 lay south of grave 3, oriented east-west. Only the northern part was preserved. The ash layer yielded a bronze object (possibly a pin), and part of a plain jug of the second half of the eighth century BC. 

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Acharnai, Ektoros and Zaimi Streets. Maria Platonos (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports that excavation for the laying of a sewage pipe revealed an undecorated marble lekythos (0.72 high, 0.47 shoulder diameter, missing the neck and base). Stones near its base and mortar near its mouth imply that the lekythos was reused in some form of construction. The excavator suggests that it originally came from a cemetery at the corner of Zaimi and Herakleous Street.

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Acharnai, Aghios Petros C’, Eurytanias Street (O.T. 1665, property of P. Siamide). Maria Platonos (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a tile grave (0.52 x 1.37 x 0.37m, oriented east-west) lined with tiles on all sides. The grave contained a supine inhumation accompanied by an early first-century AD unguentarium. Traces of burning to the southeast may belong to a pyre. A few, mostly plain, Roman sherds were collected from the area of the grave. 

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Acharnai, Aghias Triados and Boulgaroktonou Streets (O.T. 218, property of Ch. and P. Kalantzi). Maria Platonos (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of five graves, four of which (1, 2, 4 and 5) lay in the western part of the plot, and were set in parallel, oriented east-west. Grave 1: a monolithic, marble sarcophagus (0.92 x 2.3 x 0.64m) with a pedimental cover contained bones, sherds and a cylindrical limestone object. The neck of a marble alabastron was collected from its fill. Grave 2: a cist built of conglomerate slabs with plastered walls, north of grave 1. It contained a few bones and sherds, plus a fragment of a crooked marble staff. Grave 3: a oval tile grave (1.24 x 0.38 x 0.51m, oriented east-west) lacking the eastern part. Flat tiles delimit all sides. The grave contained a few bones and four unguentaria; a pyramidal loom weight was found in the fill. Grave 4: a cist built of conglomerate slabs, similar to grave 2 but slightly smaller. The grave contained a few bones, a few roof-tile fragments and sherds and two fragments of worked marble. Grave 5: a monolithic limestone sarcophagus (0.78 x 2.1 x 0.77m) north of grave 4 contained a few sherds (many black-glazed), bones, fragments of an iron nail and a fourth-century BC squat lekythos. The broken cover had collapsed into the grave.

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Ano Liosia, 12 Monis Arkadiou Street. (O.T. 1277, property of E. Rizou). Maria Platonos (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of six Roman walls (of rubble, soil and mortar) delimiting three rooms - a continuation of the Roman complex previously excavated on an adjacent plot. An opening in the south wall appears to have been the entrance to the complex. Pottery from the area is mostly Roman domestic ware. 

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Agioi Anargyroi, Anakassa, Chrysostomou Smyrnis and Constantinoupoleos Streets. Maria Platonos (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a terracotta larnax oriented west-east, set on a layer of gravel and covered with a roof-tile. The larnax contained a black-glaze, miniature skyphos of Corinthian type (second half fifth century BC), a squat lekythos (425 BC), and two white-ground lekythoi (475-450 and mid fifth-century respectively). 

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Helioupoli, 6 Karystou Street and Vlachava Street. Athena Hatzidemetriou (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of ancient walls plus considerable quantities of pottery and roof tiles. Two white-ground lekythoi with floral decoration may date the walls to the second half of the fifth century BC. 

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Palaio Psychiko, 10 Ethnarchou Makariou Street. Melpo Pologiorgi (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of an elliptical silo built of small stones and lime mortar, with a mortar lining and a tiled floor. A small, undecorated and badly fired vessel was found under the floor, contained in an opening over which lay a clay disc resembling the bricks used in bath construction. A Byzantine date is suggested due to the proximity of the Byzantine church of Agia Barbara.

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Marousi, 51 Makrygianni Street (property of G. Pressa). Demetrios Palaiologos and Maria Stefanopoulou (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) report the discovery of two pyres, one on top of the other, oriented east-west and containing bones. The later pyre 1 is dated to the second quarter of the fifth century B.C. by an intact lekythos in the ash layer. Pottery from the earlier pyre 2 included sherds of a lekythos and a pyxis. All the pottery excavated bore traces of burning. 

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Marousi, 9 Psarianou and Corinthou Streets (Tsiardaki property). Irene Vrettou (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of three buildings and eight silos. Building 1: two rubble walls (2, 3) with large boulders placed on the north side for structural support. Building 2: eight rooms and a long north-south corridor, with walls of rubble and mortar. A terracotta tiled floor is partially preserved in room 6. Building 3: rooms 10-13, with a terracotta pipe and a stone water-channel, plus four circular constructions in the angles of the walls. The silos were not all of the same date, although they all postdate the buildings. Silos 4, 6, 7 and 8 were built of rubble, roof-tile fragments and soil, with tiles floors and mortar used only to coat the interior walls. Silos 1, 2, 3 and 5 had thicker walls covered on both sides with mortar. The silos appear to have fallen out of use in antiquity since large quantities of stones, soil and broken tiles were used to seal them. The area was in use from the first century BC until the ninth century AD. The pottery collected consisted of undecorated or combed vessels, with some black- and red-glazed sherds from the western part of the plot. A coin of Leo VI and a grave stele in secondary use were also found.

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Marousi, Agios Thomas, Orsas Petroutsou Street (O.T. 847 and O.T. 866, property of N. Stroumpou). Irene Vrettou (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a Byzantine/Late Byzantine storeroom. Fifteen pithoi had thin walls covered with sherds on the outside (some glazed) and mortar on the inside: two preserved their schist slab lids. Pithoi found at the southern side of the plot (Fig. 1) were similarly constructed, but their mouths were surrounded by a stone structure and a mortar packing. The pithoi were cut into an earlier stone and tile floor (with a surface coating) and a rubble wall.   A mortar-lined cistern with walls of stones and mortar (widened towards the bottom) was evidently used for liquid storage as a terracotta pipe led to its rim. Fourteen further pits of various sizes were also excavated. Finds from the plot include coarse and combed sherds, loom weights, tile, large quantities of glazed sherds, a plainware vessel with combed decoration around its neck, metal objects and a bronze patch. Both the sherds and the pithoi bear signs of burning. Three walls (of rubble, tile and mortar), not all from the same structure,were excavated in the western part of the plot, along with five small storage pits and two semicircular structures of unknown function. Finds from this part of the plot include plain and glazed sherds, an animal figurine, an unguentarium, fragments of stone vessels, and a small, undecorated, globular vessel found upside down and containing ash and eggshells. 

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Marousi, Agios Thomas, 1 Menelaou Street). (property of I. Koukoume). Demetrios Palaiologos and Maria Stefanopoulou (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) report the discovery of a well (with rubble walls) which contained Geometric- Hellenistic pottery.

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Marousi, Agios Thomas, Nereidon and Matzorou Streets (property of M. Nauplioti). Demetrios Palaiologos and Maria Stefanopoulou (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) report the discovery of a Byzantine-Late Byzantine domestic complex, part of an extensive Byzantine settlement located in several rescue excavation in the Agios Thomas area. One room, with walls of rubble and soil, had in its northwest corner a silo built of small stones, roof-tile, and lime mortar, and lined with lime mortar. To the east of the silo was an oval hearth delimited by vertically set tile fragments surrounded by a double row of stones. Finds from the area include Late Byzantine plain and glazed sherds. 

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Kifissia, 5 Pesmazoglou Street (O.T. 167, property of E. Glossote). Demetrios Palaiologos and Maria Stefanopoulou (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) report the discovery of Prehistoric, Roman and Late Byzantine remains. Final Neolithic-Early Helladic I: a compact clay layer (13 x 9m, 0.15m thick) in the north of the plot contained FN-EH I pottery and fragments of obsidian blades. Early Helladic II: houses were found across the entire plot.  In the north an elongated (east-west) area had a surface of small stones and sherds set in clay: five post holes were found on either side of it, with three layers of clay, sand and gravel to the south. Similar fills were located in the south part of the plot. EH II pottery (fragments of phialae, cups, and saucers), and fragments of obsidian and flint blades were collected from these fills. Similar finds came from the paved area. A circular pit containing EH II pottery was found at the south edge of the plot: to the northwest of this, three skeletons were found in a shallow trench (the south side of which was destroyed by the Roman cistern noted below). The prehistoric remains were covered by a thick layer of silt and sand resulting from flooding by the adjacent Pyrna brook. After a long period of abandonment the area was reoccupied in the Roman period. Roman: a building complex, a wall and a deposit were excavated at the south and north sides of the plot. The complex (oriented north-south) consisted of two rooms with clay and rubble walls, and two possibly open spaces to the east. Part of a cistern was excavated to the west, with walls coated with hydraulic concrete. A north-south wall at the north side of the plot was supported by two buttresses. The deposit, on the west side of the plot, contained large quantities of tiles and pottery. Pottery and coins date the Roman layer from the second half of the first century BC/first century AD onwards: the area remained in use until the fifth century AD, whereupon it was again flooded. Another long period of abandonment followed, until its reoccupation in the Late Byzantine period. Late Byzantine: a 0.6-0.8m-deep fill containing late Classical, Hellenistic, Roman and Late Byzantine sherds was laid over the entire area. An enclosure, oriented east-west, was built from small stones, roof-tiles and Late Byzantine glazed sherds. A circular deposit with prehistoric, late Classical, Hellenistic and glazed sherds was excavated in the middle of the plot. 

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Kifissia, 32 Delegianne Street and 10 Dionysou Street (O.T. 56, property of G. Petres ATE). Athena Hatzidemetriou (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports on the discovery of eight parallel north-south walls dated to the Roman period by associated pottery. Five bronze coins and two stone artefacts were found. 

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Kifissia, 260 Kifissias Avenue. Athena Hatzidemetriou (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of rubble walls belonging to different building phases and part of a Roman building complex oriented east-west. The building has two adjacent spaces with walls of rubble and brick coated with hydraulic mortar on the interior face. 

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Glyka Nera, Phouresi, Byzantiou Street (O.T. 197, plot 17, Melachroinide property). Athena Hatzidemetriou (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a Mycenaean (Late Helladic IIIB – IIIC1) chamber tomb in the area of the Glyka Nera Mycenaean cemetery. The dromos, oriented northwest-southeast, 2.5m long, and 1-1.2m wide, was cut in the soft limestone bedrock. A few sherds (including the base of a kylix) were found. The tomb entrance (0.64 x 0.8m) was sealed with rubble; pilasters were carved on the rock on either side. The round chamber was irregularly shaped, and its roof had collapsed. It contained skeletal remains oriented north-south, and burial offerings which included two stirrup jars and a skyphos with painted decoration. 

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Glyka Nera, Phouresi, Amaliados Street (O.T. 132-4, property of A. Hadson). Athena Hatzidemetriou (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a Late Roman stone-paved area (1.95 x 1m) and a round Late Roman lime-kiln (1.9m in diameter). 

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Glyka Nera, Phouresi, Cycladon Street (O.T. 132, Meleki property). Athena Hatzidemetriou (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of further parts of a Late Roman workshop first reported in 2005. Twelve rock-cut circular or oval pits (destined to accommodate pithoi or clay deposits) range in diameter from 0.64 to 1.4m and in depth from 0.18 to 0.47m. Eight walls built of small stones and mortar were excavated in the area of the pits. Finally, a stone-built cistern (1.9 x 1.04m, 0.7m deep) was revealed in the northeast corner of the plot. Its walls were coated with three layers of plaster, and there was a round drainage hole in its northeast corner. 

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Glyka Nera, Phouresi, Mesolongiou and Nikopoleos Streets, plot 17 (property of G. Hatzi) and Nikopoleos and Aiolou Streets, plot 1 (O.T. 206, Drakouli-Kalamodakou property). Eleni Andrikou (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of two Late Helladic IIIA2 - IIIB chamber tombs from the Mycenaean cemetery at Glyka Nera. The tombs were oriented east-west, with the entrance to the east: their roofs and parts of their walls had collapsed. Tomb A: the circular chamber (3.7-3.9m in diameter, 2.7m high) had been damaged by a cess pit, but the strata containing the burials were undamaged. The entrance had been sealed with large vertical stones and rubble: in front of it, a burial pit in the dromos contained an inhumation accompanied by six closed vessels, two open vessels and three steatite knobs placed by the feet of the deceased. A niche in the northern wall of the dromos, sealed with a wall, contained burial remains and grave goods (seven closed vessels and three steatite spindle whorls by the feet of the deceased) beneath which was a pit containing human bones and a bronze object. Inside the chamber, piles of poorly preserved bones were placed against the north, south and west/southwest sides of the wall. Twenty-one vessels (mostly closed shapes) were retrieved. Two burial pits were excavated on the west side of the chamber. Pit 1 contained bones (including 11 crania), a kyathos, a jar, an almond-shaped agate bead, a bronze knife, a steatite spindle whorl and fragments of lead wire. Pit 2 had been used for several burials: the lowest burial stratum contained two vessels covered with slabs, and over these lay the second burial stratum with bones, a cranium and six vessels, also covered with slabs. Tomb B: smaller than tomb A, with a rectangular, sealed chamber (2.1/2.2 x 2.5/2.6m, 2.3m high) and a 5.2m-long dromos. Two contracted inhumations lay in the middle of the chamber, heads to the west: a steatite spindle whorl was associated with them. Six bone piles were excavated in the north/northwest, west and south parts of the chamber, along with 13 vessels, four steatite spindle whirls, fragments of wire, and a seal.

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Gerakas, Stavros, 25th Martiou Street (O.T. 110, property of N. Skania). Demetrios Christodoulou(Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a Classical cist grave oriented east-west, with mortar preserved. An inhumation (with part of a cranium and a few bones preserved) was accompanied by a white ground lekythos (decorated with meanders and ivy) and a black-glazed pyxis of the second half of the fifth century BC. 

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Gerakas, Stavros, 32 Miaouli Street and Patriarchou Gregoriou E’ (O.T. 149, property of I. and G. Athanasiade). Demetrios Christodoulou(Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of eight Byzantine silos ranging in diameter from 0.53 to 1.09m. The mouth of one was sealed with a stone slab. A green-glazed plate was found near another. Pottery excavated from the area dates from the ninth to 12th centuries AD, and includes plain and coarsewares, and glazed plates. The silos were probably associated with the storerooms around the 11th-century Agios Ioannis monastery. Two were transported to the Brauron Museum.

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Paiania, Episkopis Street (O.T. 5034, property of D. Giannake). Eleni Andrikou (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a limestone sarcophagus (internal dimensions 1.91 x 0.59m) with a pedimental lid, which contained an inhumation along the north side. Pieces of wood and a seashell were placed by the feet of the deceased, and fragments of two bronze strigils were found along the south wall. A first half fourth-century BC black-glaze phiale and a saltcellar probably comes from the southeast corner of the sarcophagus. 

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Koropi, Kotzia and Heras Streets (O.T. 278, property of D. Kotzia). Eleni Andrikou (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a Byzantine workshop or a warehouse complex and a Geometric burial. The complex consisted of walls and rock-cut pits, with an irregular stone-paved area in the northeast by which were two pithoi. A rectangular room (3.9 x 2.1 m) had a tiled floor and two rock-cut pits. A Geometric inurned cremation (in an amphora, with a kyathos as a lid) was found in a rock cavity south of the Byzantine complex. Stone slabs were placed along three sides of the amphora, and the space around them showed traces of burning. The amphora contained burned bone, and a bronze fibula was found outside it. 

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Koropi, Heras and Kavasaliotou Streets (O.T. 270, property of ENTHASIS AE). Eleni Andrikou (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a Hellenistic building complex. The basement of the building, apparently used as a storeroom, lay within a natural hollow in the rock; remains comprise a north-south wall (4m long, 0.5m thick) and three cross walls (the area east of the which may have been have unroofed). The eastern part of this area was covered with a 0.7m-thick layer of rubble, roof-tiles and pottery, including a black-glaze lekythos.

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Koropi, Thanou Street (O.T. 287-288, 293-294, 299-300), Stergioti Street (O.T. 299-293, 300-294), Lekka-Hatzi and Naxou Streets. Eleni Andrikou (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of further parts of the Koropi Early Helladic settlement during public works. 

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Koropi, Leukados Street (O.T. 334-335). Eleni Andrikou (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a Hellenistic complex during drainage works. The poorly preserved building was founded on bedrock. Large quantities of Hellenistic pottery, a figurine of a seated woman, and a small bronze Salaminian coin (339-318 BC) were found in a natural rock hollow south of the building.

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Spata, Christoupoli, Agiou Demetriou Street (O.T. C19, Theodoridi property). Eleni Methodiou (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of an 8.25m-long stretch of rubble wall with seven shallow rock-cut pits on either side, containing pottery and a corroded bronze coin. Other finds from the area include loom weights, spindle whorls, stone tools, an oinochoe, a small pithos fragment with relief spiral decoration, and sherds with geometric decoration. The area was used from the Geometric to late Classical periods. Further rubble walls and pits with Late Geometric to early Classical pottery were found at  Agiou Demetriou and Herakleitou Streets (O.T. 19, property of Varsos Catering ABEE), with walls and pottery of these periods also at Agiou Demetriou and Ch. Stratou Streets (Blachometrou-Peliou property)..

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Spata, Prokalesi (O.T. E27, Blanos property). Eleni Methodiou (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a few sherds and obsidian flakes from an Early Bronze Age settlement. 

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Artemida, Loutsa, Galenes Street (O.T. C170, PE 4, Hatzakou property). Eleni Methodiou and Maria Stathi (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) report the discovery of a 2.4m-long stretch of Roman wall built of stone, tile and mortar. To the south, an extensive destruction deposit contained rubble, roof-tiles, mortar, coarse and fine pottery and a few bones. Additional finds from the area include glass vessels, a small terracotta figurine, a pyramidal loom weight, and Roman pottery. 

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Artemida, Loutsa, Atalantos Street and Vravronos Avenue (O.T. C.1615, PE 14, Roussake property). Eleni Methodiou and Maria Stathi (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) report the discovery of part of an extensive and deep ancient quarry which preserves evidence of the extraction technique (loosening the block and then inserting wedges).  Quarrying of three courses of blocks was identified in an area of 10 x 5.5m. A layer of waste chips covered the entire excavated area. The date of the quarrying could not be established, although pottery excavated from the area (including sherds of a black-glaze kantharos) dates to the mid fourth century BC.

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Artemida, Loutsa (O.T. 1905, PE 6, property of Ch. Papademetriou). Eleni Methodiou (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of four walls (two rooms) belonging to a building complex (probably a potter’s workshop) which extends under neighbouring plots. The floor of one room was found. Finds from the area include plain and a little black-glaze pottery, a kantharos, loom weights and roof-tiles. 

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Marathon, Plasi. Eleni Banou (Β’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports on discoveries made during works by the public water company. An empty cist grave built of schist slabs with a gravel floor was found at Machis Marathonos and Sophokleous Streets. On Sophokleous Street, seven walls were found, with roof-tiles, pottery and an intact fifth-century lekythos in the immediate area.

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Lavrion - Ary, ore enrichment complex. K.G. Tsaimou (ΕΜΠ) reports on further investigation of the Lavreotiki washeries. Four circular, marble water channels  (Ary I, II, III, IV) were surveyed and mapped. Ary III: a circular water channel and a large (10.6 x 7m) Π-shaped, type 1 level washery to the west of it were excavated. The deepest elements of the washery (drains and basins) were filled with stones. The drain walls preserve hydraulic cement applied over a layer of stones set in soil. Two square basins project from the rectangular washery. A small, conical stone column to the north of the washery has a rectangular groove possibly for the insertion of a wooden support. Immediately to the east of the washery lay space Γ (unexcavated). To the west, a 5m-long courtyard (Δ) was delimited on the west side by a wall of large unworked limestone blocks which extends to the north. Within the courtyard, adjacent to the wall, were a small mortar-lined cistern with a drain opening in the rim, and a semi-circular groove. Only coarse pottery was found in the courtyard. The marble water channel was bisected by a modern east-west road related to 19th-century mining activity. 

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Athens, 21 Lembessi Street (TEAM 4 EE property). Tonia Kokkoliou (Γ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of bases of choregic monuments, plus Geometric-Hellenistic structures and portable finds. Two conglomerate blocks excavated in the north of the plot are either pedestals for choregic statues, or connected to the Classical fortification wall. Two walls were found in the west and southeast of the plot. The latter is built of medium size stones and preserves hydraulic cement on its northern face. Parts of a water supply system in the immediate area include: a horseshoe-shaped terracotta pipe (contemporary with the wall) which runs north-south to a well, and to the west of this a Π-shaped channel covered with stones and roof-tiles leading to a second well. A 1.4m-wide trench cut into the soft limestone bedrock to the north of the second wall (and through the water table) contained Geometric pottery. The excavator interprets the space between the two walls as a Hellenistic water storage area. Finds include Hellenistic pottery, numerous third- to first-century BC unguentaria, numerous coins, loom weights, an intact second-century BC multiple-nozzle lamp, and two fluted and two unfluted columns.  Two marble bases for choregic monuments found in this area may be connected to the Thargelia games. One base preserves the following inscription, likely added carelessly at a later period: ΑΓΡΩΝ  ΛΥΣΙΑΣ ΑΛΚΕΤΗΣ   Finally, a fragment of a fourth-century BC inscribed white marble funerary stele was found in the area of the first wall. The stele, which is crowned and decorated with rosettes, is 1.135m hight, 0.655m wide, and 0.305 m thick. The inscription reads: Ἀγα[θ]οκλέ[η]ς Ἀγα[θ]άρχο. (two rosettes) 3 Μικυλίν[α] Λεωχάρου Αἰγινήτου Ἀγάθαρχος Ἀγαθοκλέους A second inscription of a later date son the same stele reads: φίλοι Ἀλκέτης 9 Ἄγρων Λυσίας The same names were inscribed on the base of the choregic monument. The excavator dates this inscription to the first century BC, and provides further analysis of it.

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Piraeus, 6 Fokionos Street (property of the Academy of Athens). Kornelia Axioti (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a 9m-long section of a 4.4m-deep ditch belonging to the fortification of the Piraeus (fig. 1). The ditch lies 18m north of (and parallel to) a section of the wall excavated on the Augeris plot (47 Gounari Street) in 1992. It has a maximum width of 5m in the west of the plot and a minimum of 2.5m in the east, contained terracotta pipes, and extends up to 8m east of Fokionos Street. The excavated section probably lies near one of the Piraeus gates. The state of preservation of the ditch varied, with the bottom part in best condition.  It contained building material, pottery (black-glazed and plain), coins, lead sling bullets and several other small artifacts. A north-south cutting in the bedrock, 0.5-0.55m wide, 0.7m deep, rectangular in section and containing terracotta pipes, lay 6.5m east of Fokionos Street. It ran from the ditch in the north to the northern face of the ancient fortification wall at the south. So far only three sections of the ditch have been located in the Piraeus, one by the Eetioneia gate, and the other two on Gounari Street.

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Piraeus, 36-38 Flessa Street (property of A. Babe & Co). Kornelia Axioti (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of the parts of two Classical houses bordering two ancient roads, following the Hippodamian grid plan. The corners of two houses from separate building complexes lie on opposite sides of a 5m-wide road (a 10m-long stretch of which was excavated, running northwest-southeast). Part of the same road was previously excavated at 33-35 Zaimi Street, and is identified as Road 6 on Höpfner and Schwandner’s map of the ancient Piraeus. A drain ran along its axis. A second road is tentatively identified as Höpfner and Schwandner’s Road G: a drain ran parallel to it, and traversed the first drain. On the north side of the first road, a room was covered by a destruction layer including Laconian type roof tiles. On the south side, lay the corner of a room (figs. 1, 2, 3) with well-preserved masonry and a floor; the room contained fourth-century BC black-glaze and plain pottery.

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Piraeus, 27 Mavrokordatou Street (property of K. Pitakas & Co). Kornelia Axioti (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of part of an 8m-wide ancient road running northeast-southwest.  This is one of the wider roads in the Hippodamian grid and it is identified with Ηöpfner and Schwandner’s Road E. A further part of it is located on an adjacent plot (22 Mavrokordatou Street). A small section of an exterior house wall was excavated on the east side of the road, whilst on the west was the corner of a seven-couch andron (4.45 x 4.65m; traces of its eastern and western walls survive, while the north side was delimited by bedrock). The stepped floor for the couches and part of the pebble floor of the andron were decorated with concentric squares. Part the pebble floor of the courtyard was also revealed. A narrow drain ran under the outside wall of the house and into the road. A shaft with an overflow channel which led to a second, shallower shaft in the ancient road was apparently intended to divert rainwater, since the house was built on an incline and was liable to flood. A second complex of shafts in the ancient road was evidently to collect rainwater, as it fed the cistern of the adjacent house. 

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Piraeus, 22 Mavrokordatou Street (property of I. Fassaki). Kornelia Axioti (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports on the discovery of part of the same ancient road traced at 27 Mavrokordatou Street, plus the remains of a Classical house built in an abandoned stone quarry (the external wall was set in the quarry cuttings). This house belongs to a block partly excavated in 1991 on the corner of 27-29 Krevvata and Salaminomachon Streets. The wall delimits a room (6 x 6m), and part of a stone-paved courtyard was also revealed. Between the courtyard and the wall was a bell-shaped cistern (rim diameter: 0.8). The house contained fourth-century BC black-glazed domestic pottery, with no evidence of later activity. 

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Piraeus, 18 Skouze and Leosthenous Streets (property of Lapithos Co.). Kornelia Axioti (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of part of a Roman (second- to third-century AD) house in the foundations of a listed modern building (opposite a plot excavated in 1981). Parts of three adjacent rooms were revealed, built of re-used blocks from a Classical house. The western room was paved with terracotta tiles and had a terracotta drain running through it. A few walls and a drain belong to the courtyard of another, Late Roman house. 

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Piraeus, 145 Neorion Street (property of K. and M. Astra). Kornelia Axioti (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of an ancient quarry (fig. 1), the three galleries oriented northeast-southwest.  She suggests that the quarry is contemporary with, and provided building material for, the shipsheds excavated in 1885 by Dragatsis and drawn by Dörpfeld (ΠΑΕ 1885), part of which remain visible in the basement of a house on the corner of Akte Moutsopoulou and Siraggeiou.  

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Piraeus, 96 Eleutheriou Venizelou Street (N. Pitsos and I. Stampolis Co. property). Kornelia Axioti (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of an ancient quarry which continues onto the Arapou property, 64 Zeas Street. Four block courses were extracted: the extraction channels are preserved, and in situ (incompletely extracted) blocks attest to the size range of those extracted (1.2 - 1.4 x 0.5 - 0.65 x 0.5 – 0.75m). A bell-shaped cistern lay on the east side of the quarry (mouth 1.15 x 0.80m, bottom diameter 2.4m). A deposit (covering an area of 7.5 x 6m in the south of the plot) postdates the use of the quarry. Finds, which date from the fifth to the first century BC, include 86 figurines, 25 lamps, 106 miniature vessels, 34 phialae, 33 plates, 190 loom weights, seven kantharoi, 44 lead foils, two weights decorated with tortoises (one of which bears the inscription ΔΕΜΟ), and numerous  fragments of mud brick and pottery. In the part of the quarry found on the Arapou property, the extraction channels ran in two different directions, suggesting separate phases of extraction. In the centre of the plot lay a pyramidal cistern (2.5 x 2.4m at the bottom) with a rectangular shaft. 

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Piraeus, 99 Zeas Street (property of A. and E. Kardara). Kornelia Axioti (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a complex of shafts and cisterns, plus an unrelated conical cistern (rim diameter 0.8m, shaft height 0.85m, bottom diameter 4.75n, internal height 3.8m).

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Piraeus, 6-10 Neosoikon Street (property of A. Cheliote, D. Babakou and M. Koumantzi). Kornelia Axioti (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of complexes of shafts and cisterns adjacent to the site of the ancient theatre in Zea. One shaft on the north side of the plot had been used as a deposit, and contained 5th-4th c. B.C. small artefacts and good quality pottery. These include a wooden figurine and a black-glaze flask with relief decoration. Additionally, a water pipe was excavated, paved with terracotta slabs ran in the direction of the ancient theatre. Finally, two more cisterns were revealed but were not fully excavated. 

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Piraeus, 15b Neosoikon Street (property of A. Nikolaou and Sons Co.). Kornelia Axioti (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a quarry face, 2.5m long and 0.5m high, perpendicular to Neosoikon Street. Lines of chisel cuts marked the extraction channels. Walls within the quarry area attest to its subsequent use for a house or workshop. A complex of rock-cut water channels ran into two shafts. Both shafts held deposits with large quantities of fourth-century BC black-glazed and plain pottery (lamps, phialae, saltcellars, plates, skyphoi and kantharoi), loom weights and large quantities of murex shells.

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Piraeus, 31 Ypsilantou and 46 Androutsou Streets (property of I. and S. Theodorou). Kornelia Axioti (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a quarry (with more than one block course extracted), plus a bell-shaped cistern. The continuation of the quarry (a 5m-long section of a 4.4m-high face) was found on the property of D. Frantzi (36 Ypsilantou Street), along with anelliptical shaft dug on the southwest side of the plot. Another quarry with six block courses extracted was reported by Kornelia Axioti (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) in 2005. It lies in 47-49 Androutsou Street (property of E. and St. Polychronaki, A. and Chr. Charchalaki). A bell-shaped cistern was found adjacent to this quarry as well. The potttery sherds found in the quarry and the bell-shaped cistern date from the 4th c. B.C. untill the Hellenistic period.

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Piraeus, 7 Kountouriotou and 8 Skylitsi Streets (property of S. Metaxa). Kornelia Axioti (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a quarry from which six courses of blocks had been extracted (each 0.5-0.6m high), on a steep slope outside the north wall of the ancient city. 

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Piraeus, 2 Minion Street and Stavros Square (property of F. Nikolaou and G. Belias and Co.). Kornelia Axioti (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of quarry with multiple block courses extracted, which followed the natural inclination of the Prophitis Ilias hill. Some partially extracted blocks, left in situ, measured 1.4 - 1.7 x 0.6m. Rock-cut channels and shafts for rainwater collection were revealed on the northwest side of the plot, and there was also a rectangular shaft in the centre of the plot. 

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Piraeus, 21 Deligiorgi Street (property of N. Kalogeraki). Kornelia Axioti (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of quarry remains and water channels for the collection of rainwater.

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Piraeus, 5 Konitsis Street (property of P. Tsiavou). Kornelia Axioti (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of quarry remains and two shafts.

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Piraeus, 59 Eleutheriou Venizelou and Ypsilanthou Streets (property of the Piraeus Pharmaceutical Association). Kornelia Axioti (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of part of an ancient road identified with Höpfner and Schwandner’s Road P (fig. 14). Beside it were walls, a Π-shaped terracotta channel, and a bell-shaped cistern.

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Piraeus, 60 Georgiou Theotoki and 43 Byronos Streets (property of I. Fassaki). Kornelia Axioti (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a quarry from which two courses of blocks (each 0.6m high) had been extracted (fig. 1). The extraction channels visible at the base of the quarry indicate an extraction area of 13 x 7 blocks, each of which measured 1.3 – 1.5 × 0.9 – 1m and 2.3 × 0.9 – 1m. A 14m-long rubble wall, reinforced with large vertical blocks at 0.5 - 0.6m intervals, ran along the quarry (fig. 1). This may be a retaining wall built to create an area for construction in an otherwise steeply-sloping quarry. The wall contained fourth-century BC black-glazed and plain pottery. 

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Piraeus, 15 Sophokleous Street (property of A. Kalabaka). Kornelia Axioti (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a quarry from which two block courses had been extracted (the upper 0.9m high). A shaft, 0.8m in diameter and with a square rim, was found on the western, upper step. Three parallel rock-cut channels (fig. 1) directed water onto the lower, eastern step and thence to three adjacent cisterns. Metal chisels were found inside the channels.

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Piraeus, 28 Thucydidou Street (property of P. Revelou). Kornelia Axioti (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of three cisterns. The first, horseshoe-shaped cistern produced an intact fourth-century BC oinochoe. The second, bell-shaped cistern is open to the public. The third cistern was not fully investigated since it continues under the adjacent plot.

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Piraeus, 38-40 Marias Hatzikyriakou and Propontis Streets (property of G., A. and E. Argoudeli). Kornelia Axioti (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of an ancient quarry covering the entire plot. Finds include traces of extracted blocks measuring 4 x 1.5m, a vertical cut in the natural rock, and walls attesting to post-quarrying construction.  

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Piraeus, 8 Al. Zaimi Street (property of K. Kavarligou). Kornelia Axioti (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports on discovery of a quarry from which two courses of blocks had been extracted. 

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Piraeus, 22a Spyrou Lambrou and Flessa Streets (property of M. Kanale and G. Lochaite). Kornelia Axioti (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a quarry 5.15m long and 0.9m deep, oriented east-west, and with a bowl-shaped cut in the eastern face. Some extraction channels were discernible. 

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Piraeus, 46 Euploias Street (property of Adamopouloi Bros. and Co.). Kornelia Axioti (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of quarry remains, shafts and a cistern.

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Piraeus, 23 Sp. Trikoupi Street (property of E. Giavasi). Kornelia Axioti (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a quarry with a few visible extraction channels. Much fourth-century BC pottery was recovered from the surface.

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Piraeus, 64a  A. Theohari Street (property of I. Vonta). Kornelia Axioti (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of slight quarry remains.

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Piraeus, 96 Fragiadon and Papanikoli Streets (property of P. Laoulakou). Kornelia Axioti (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a quarry with a row of blocks (0.75m in height) that had not been fully extracted. A shaft was revealed nearby, and an elliptical cutting in the rock was located 1.67m below ground-level.

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Piraeus, 4 Heras Street (property of N. Strati). Kornelia Axioti (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a quarry oriented northeast-southwest. Extraction channels indicate the dimensions of the blocks extracted – 1.2 – 1.3 × 0.7m. A shaft was located near the quarry. Walls indicate post-quarrying use of the space for habitation.

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Piraeus, Kaminia, 6-8 Erythraias Street. Alexandra Syrogianni (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of four cist graves and three simple burials (figs. 1, 2), the latter covered with alluvial sediments. Cist grave three (2.15 x 0.81m) had escaped looting and was the richest of all. It was the only cist built of worked stones (the others were of roughly-worked slabs), and had a monolithic cover stone.  The interior was coated in yellowish plaster. It contained a well-preserved inhumation (head to the southeast), half of a bronze vessel (possibly a phiale), a bronze probe, a bronze coin, three metal hoops, iron nails and a pair of gold earrings with semiprecious red stones. The remaining cist graves contained a few sherds, unguentaria and strigil fragments with the poorly preserved skeletons.  Cist grave one also contained parts of a gold wreath resembling those excavated from the simple burials a and c.  Conservation of the cranium from grave one revealed a gold coin depicting an owl. The plain burials were highly disturbed by the action of the alluvial sediments. Nonetheless, they contained fragments of gold wreaths (fig. 3). Inscribed columns date the burials to the Roman period.

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Piraeus, Kaminia, Nikoletopoulou and 37 Chrysostomou Smyrnis Streets. Alexandra Syrogianni (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of two Byzantine walls and a little pottery. The area was also used in the 19th century.

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Piraeus, Akte Miaouli, Botsari, Hatzikyriakou and Flessa Streets (NAT property). Maria Petritaki (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a) Classical to early Hellenistic and b) Roman urban structures at the Grand Harbour (Kantharos), west of the area identified as the Emporion (fig. 1). Two roads were excavated by Hatzikyriakou Street. The first runs east-west and is 5.65m wide. A sewage pipe runs along its south side. The second runs north-south and is 4m wide. They border a domestic complex (12.4 x 19m) which had three phases dating from the second half of the fourth until the end of the third century BC. Remains comprise limestone walls, a double gate facing north, part of a paved yard and a small rubble building from a later phase which incorporated a boundary stone inscribed: ΕΜΠΟΡΙΟ[Υ] ΚΑΙ ΗΟΔΟ[Υ] ΗΟΡΟΣ A quarry in the northwest corner of the complex had two periods of use, Classical and Roman (the latter severely disturbed by two modern firebrick kilns built on top of it). A Roman (second- to third-century AD) complex to the north was founded on bedrock (a few Classical sherds indicate earlier use of this area). The complex (33 x 18m) had 27 rooms arranged in three rows: all contained destruction layers. Most were used as shops and/or workshops, and some appear to have had two or three periods of use. The walls show several construction techniques, including opus caementicium, opus testacaeum, rubble walls, brick, and opus mixtum. Eight rooms contained the same types of finds (hearths, terracotta plaques, tiles, vessels for water and pipes running through the walls) and may have been used for the same purpose. Room 3 had three hearths. Room 9 contained a hearth and a floor paved with tegulae mammatae: a hoard of 837 coins (silver and silver plated) was found in the south part of it. A second hoard of 236 coins was found in room 2.  Rooms 7, 8, 1, 6 and 22 appear to have served a different function to the rest of the complex. Room 7, originally a workshop, was later converted into a tablinum:painted wall plaster, including a scene depicting a bird with a bunch of grapes (fig. 2), postdates the conversion and belongs to the Fourth Style. A cistern was excavated in room 8. The complex is characteristic of the use of this area in the Roman period, when the Grand Harbour remained in use even though the Piraeus had decreased in size and the harbour installations were not fully functioning. 

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Piraeus, 10 Akte Miaouli Street (OLP property). Maria Petritaki (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of harbour installations orientated north-south and facing east (fig. 1). Eleven rooms were identified covering a length of 117m. Some are identified as warehouses with several phases of use, repair and extension. These installations are dated to the Late Roman/Early Christian period (fourth- to fifth-century AD), and are founded on bedrock. Building A appears to be the earliest, since Classical and Hellenistic pottery was recovered from its foundation trench. The building had three rectangular rooms (the middle one 9m across and those on either side 5.53m) with walls of limestone blocks of various sizes, evidently in secondary use. Building A was extended northwards, where two pithos stores with tiled floors and pithoi preserved in situ were identified. The adjacent rooms 6-9 appear to be of the same date. Room 10 was excavated at a small distance away, and room 11 was found in the southeast corner of the property. Due to local sea-level change the complex was partly submerged. The complex is in the area of the Classical Emporion and much of its building material appears to have come from the Emporion installations. It attests to the continuing use of this area in Late Roman and Early Christian times despite the shrinkage of the Piraeus settlement and the decline in the port’s economy.

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Piraeus, Poseidonos and 1 Gounari Streets (property of the Tzaneion Hospital). Maria Petritaki (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a 27.2m-long section of the Long Stoa (fig. 1), the longest of the Emporion stoas. The back of the stoa consisted of eight rectangular rooms alternating between two different width categories: Room 1: 5 × 1.7m, Room 2: 4.95 × 3.7., Room 3: 5 × 1.75m, Room 4: 4.9 × 3.8m, Room 5: 4.9 × 2.2., Room 6: 4.9 × 3.8m, Room 7: 4.9 × 3.9m., Room 8: 4.5 × 1.9.m.  The back wall of the stoa, built of Piraeus limestone, was 3.4m thick, while the front wall of the row of rooms was 0.6m thick (with 1.3m-thick foundations): the dividing walls were poorly preserved. The stylobate of the stoa colonnade during the Classical period lay 4.5m south of the front wall: 1.9-2m wide, it was excavated for a length of 9m. During the Roman period, a new 18m-long stylobate was constructed closer (3.9m) to the front wall. Floors, found in Rooms 7, 8, 6, 1 and 2, were poorly preserved due to modern constructions, but belong to two different Roman construction phases. The pottery and terracotta loom weights found in these rooms also date to this later phase of the building. The excavated rooms are interpreted as granaries were wheat was kept for redistribution to the Athenians. A road revealed south of the stoa could be that which ran between the stoa and the walls of the Piraeus (parts of these walls have previously been discovered at 3 Gounari Street).  

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Neo Phaleron, Andrea Papandreou Avenue (between the Aigaiou and Vellis factories). Maria Petritaki (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a 21.5m-long stretch of the Periklean South Long wall (fig. 1) with one tower, which appears to be a continuation of the section excavated in 1919. The wall, of limestone blocks, is preserved to a height of 2m: the tower projects 4.6m from it and was excavated for a distance of 6.5m. Three child graves (two pithos burials and a tile grave) were found east of the wall, and an (unrelated) column 0.8m from the tower. West of the wall, was part of a road with wheel ruts.  Eleven Hellenistic burials were excavated in the area between the road and the wall (including two cists, one tile grave, five tile-covered shaft graves and two pithos burials). It is suggested that the location of this burial site (established after the abandonment of the walls) and the position of the road indicate the existence of a nearby gate. An amydaloid lead sling bullet bears the inscription ΑΓΩΝΙΠΠΟΥ. 

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Neo Phaleron, Gregoriou Lambraki, Eponiton and Fokaias Streets (OSK property). Maria Petritaki (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of part of a funerary pyre and a shaft grave. A second shaft gravel contained a used, late Hellenistic lamp. 

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Nikaia, 116 Eptalofou Street (property of A. Demitsoglou and D. Tsakiroglou). Maria Petritaki (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of nine burials of the late fourth to early third century BC. A burial enclosure, possibly belonging to a family, contained four burials (one pyre, two tile graves and one cist): the two surviving sides of the enclosure were excavated. Finds from this area comprise a small funerary column with the inscription ΔΗΜΗΤΡΙΟC ΕΦΕCΙΟC, two fragments of a marble palmette from a funerary stele, parts of the right hand of a marble statue and of the right leg of a marble lion, parts of a limestone base and of a limestone alabaster.The remaining burials include three tile graves, a terracotta larnax, and a pithos burial. Two cisterns excavated in the plot appear to have been in use prior to the establishment of the burial ground. 

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Moschato, 15 Athinon-Peiraios and Afon Giannidi Streets (property of O. Proutzou). Maria Petritaki (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of 23 graves and parts of burial enclosures dating from the mid fifth century until the Hellenistic period. Graves were placed around a podium of limestone blocks (2.33 x 1.5m, oriented northwest-southeast) on the west side of the plot, and to the north of a second podium (4.8 x 1.4m, on the same orientation) further east. A later wall founded on this second podium appears to be associated with a burial immediately to the south of it.  A wall of unworked stones enclosed all of these features (incorporating an area of 5.1 x 4.2m). A second enclosure wall in the northeast corner of the plot contained five burials, and a third enclosure was located further south. The excavated graves comprised six sarcophagi, seven pyres, three cist graves, four shaft graves, two terracotta larnakes and a tile grave. Sixteen contained grave goods which included a black glazed phialidio, two iron knives (one with traces of fabric), numerous pottery vessels and sherds, a bronze mirror, traces of gold, and a gold plated fruit possibly from a wreath. Additional finds from the area include: part of a decorated marble funerary lekythos; two fragments of decorated marble funerary loutrophoroi; ragments from a funerary stele; the pediment and palmettes from a funerary stele; parts of the wings of a sphinx.

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Moschato, 35 Eleutherias Street (property of X. Skordara). Maria Petritaki (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of an 11.3m-long stretch of the South Long Wall (fig. 1) belonging to the third construction phase, including the Lykourgan repair of 338-330 BC. The wall, oriented east-west, was founded on clay soil, is 4.2-4.8m wide, and is preserved to a height of four courses of limestone blocks (1.9m). A second wall (preserved to a length of 3.8m) ran parallel to it, 8.2m to the south. This wall was built of limestone blocks, on one of which stood a marble lekythos. Part of a funerary stele, depicting the leg and knee of a seated woman, was found north of the fortification wall. 

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Moschato, 4 (7) Kyprou Street (property of I. Kazakou ABEE). Maria Petritaki (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery Late Geometric - Late Roman/Early Christian remains. In the north part of the plot lay a 19.1m-long section of the road that ran between the Long Walls, 15m from the North Long Wall. Oriented east-west and 4.8 – 5m wide, the road was surfaced with unworked stones. Five Late Geometric burials were found south road (one child pithos burial, one adult pithos burial, one shaft grave, one small pyre and one pit). An iron knife, an LGIb pyxis lid with concentric cycles, an LGIa skyphos, an LGIb trefoil-mouthed oinochoe, and other sherds were found in the shaft grave, and a jug and a globular aryballos came from the pit. In addition, two Roman child burials were found. A Late Roman-Early Christian (third- to fourth- and fifth-century AD) workshop was excavated in the SW part of the plot. The long structure, oriented north-south with the entrance at the north. The walls were built of rubble, sherds and lime mortar: one room had a terracotta tiled floor.  Further walls were located south of this building. Floors of the Classical period were excavated in the southwest part of the plot. Finds from the plot include pottery, glass, and metal artefacts, third- to fifth-century AD coins, prehistoric sherds. Stone artefacts include part of the head of an Archaic herm and a fragment of a funerary stele bearing the inscription: ΔΙΟΝ ΝΙΕ.

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Kallithea, Lysikratous Street (between N. Zervou and 151-147 E. Venizelou Streets) and Euripidou Street. Maria Petritaki (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of 14 Geometric pyres. In general the pyres contained no grave goods, but one produced sherds of a kalpis. The wider area was used as a burial ground in the Geometric period. 

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Kallithea, Patriarchou Gregoriou E and Spetson Streets (OSK property). Maria Petritaki (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a Hellenistic to Late Roman east-west road, 3.7-6.3m wide (figs. 1, 2), with a retaining wall on one side built of rubble, sherds and mortar (excavated for a length of 36.8m). A 35.3m-long stretch of Roman water channel (0.8-1m wide externally, built in opus caementicium and lined with hydraulic cement) was exposed 1.5m to the northeast of the wall and on the same orientation.  The channel was built on top of a Hellenistic road and retaining wall. This area (outside the Long Walls) has produced evidence of roads dating back to the fifth century BC, and so this new road may be a continuation of this system.

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Alimos, Alimos Metro Station, Konstantina Kaza-Papageorgiou (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of rock-cut pits and channels of as yet uncertain function during the construction of the station on the west side of Vouliagmenis Avenue. 

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Alimos, 4 Hegesipylis Street (OT 270, property of K. Liarou) Konstantina Kaza-Papageorgiou (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of an 8.5m-long stretch of a west-east road (fig. 1). The 2m-wide road was built on bedrock, with a retaining wall on each side.  To the north, three Classical walls delimited a 6 x 4.2m room. Pottery from the site dates to the second half of the fifth century BC. The plot lies in the wider area of the Thesmophorion and the early Christian Basilica.

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Alimos, 17th November and Akropoleos Streets (OT 186, property of K. Riga Co and Ch. Riga). Konstantina Kaza-Papageorgiou (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a road (fig. 1) built on bedrock, with a retaining wall on its east side.  A pit 5.5m west of the road contained fourth-century BC ceramics (roof-tiles, large vessels and sherds). 

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Elliniko, Argyroupoli Metro Station. Konstantina Kaza-Papageorgiou (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of Late Roman house remains and a burial enclosure with pyres (fig. 1). 

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Argyroupoli, Leontos, Marathonomachon, Megalou Alexandrou and Eleutheria Streets (OT 87, property of Ford Kondellis). Konstantina Kaza-Papageorgiou (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a 56m-long road, running southeast-northwest. The road was 5 - 5.5m wide and had retaining walls on either side; it had been resurfaced several times during the Classical period, with visible wheel-ruts from all phases of road construction/repair. Fourth-century BC sherds and metal tools were excavated from it. The road was used in Roman times, but was converted into a pathway during the Byzantine/ Late Byzantine period.  A pithos burial with grave offerings of the first quarter of the fifth century lay 12m southwest of the road. A second pithos burial and a pyre lay nearby. Further south, a pit unworked stones and a few sixth- and fifth-century sherds.  Rock-cut drainage channels 20m southwest of the road contained pottery of the second half of the fifth and the fourth centuries.  

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Glyphada, Kritis square, and 61 Metaxa and Panopes Streets (O.T. 102A, property of A. Fetokaki). Konstantina Kaza-Papageorgiou (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery in both plots of rock-cut pits and channels (figs. 1, 2, 3 and 4) containing Archaic-Roman sherds. These are interpreted as salt pits (which were known to exist in the area). 

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Glyphada, Zamanou and Alon Streets (O.T. 310, property of the Mariopouleio Foundation). Konstantina Kaza-Papageorgiou (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a Classical burial mound. Three visible burials (not excavated) were delimited by a wall and buried under an artificial mound which contained fifth-century pottery (including many lekythos sherds). 

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Glyphada, Ch. Nezer and Agiou Nikolaou Streets (property of K. Adamide). Konstantina Kaza-Papageorgiou (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a north-south road which probably had retaining walls on either side.  Four phases of construction/repairs were identified, all preserving wheel ruts. A fourth-century date is indicated by a bronze coin and a little pottery.  

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Glyphada, 35 Zamanou Street (property of Kataskevastiki Techniki). Konstantina Kaza-Papageorgiou (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a 21m-long stretch of road running north-south, with wheel ruts preserved. The road was founded on levelled bedrock: only a small section of its retaining wall survived. Twelve pits of varying shapes and depths were cut into bedrock east of the road. Some contained fifth-century BC pottery.

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Glyphada, Artemidos and Phoebes Streets (church of Ag. Nicolas). Konstantina Kaza-Papageorgiou (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of Classical house remains north of the church (fig. 1), consisting of two walls with a paved bench in the corner (fig. 2). Earlier walls were excavated in the west part of the trench. Fifth- and fourth-century pottery was found in the area. 

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Glyphada, 3 Iliou Street (OT 433, property of A. Biniou). Konstantina Kaza-Papageorgiou (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a 45m-long stretch of road running northeast-southwest, with rubble retaining walls on either side.  Pottery dates the road to the fourth-century BC.

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Glyphada, Pounda peninsula. K. Kaza-Papageorgiou (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports on excavation of the enclosures of tombs 14 and 15 in the known Early Helladic cemetery. The well-preserved enclosure of tomb 14 consists of two rows of unworked stones. A raised platform built of unworked stones was found in the centre of the enclosure. The enclosure of tomb 15 was badly damaged by  modern construction. 

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Voula, 149 Spetson Street (O.T. 147, property of B. Kassimati). Triantafyllia Kattoula (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a further section of the road that ran across the deme of Halai Aixonidae and connected it to the adjacent demes.The road was 2.5m wide and ran west-east. Poorly preserved retaining walls were found on both sides (fig. 1), constructed in different techniques (the north wall built of small stones and large limestone boulders, and the south of medium-size stones). The small quantity of pottery retrieved included two fragments of a third-century AD lamp with herringbone decoration and two concentric cycles on the base. However, other excavated sections of this road attest to its long period of use from the fifth century BC until the Byzantine period.

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Voula, 10 Delphon Street (O.T. 157, Fotopoulos property). Triantafyllia Kattoula (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a fourth-century BC potter’s kiln (fig. 1) close to previously excavated parts of the Halai Aixonidae settlement (including a road and a sanctuary). The well-built kiln was 1.25m in diameter with a south-facing draw hole. Burned lumps of clay and numerous mostly fourth-century plain and black-glazed sherds were found in the chamber. This is the first kiln to be excavated in this deme.

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Voula, 24 Herakleidon Street (O.T. 124, Gogou property). Triantafyllia Kattoula (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a 13m-long stretch of an east-west road, preserving a 5m stretch of its north retaining wall and the collapsed remains of the south wall. Two rooms of a building were found in the northwest of the plot. Numerous fourth-century BC finds include a bronze fishhook, a pyramidal loom weight, undecorated pottery and beehives. The site lies in an area where remains of the deme of Halai Aixonidae have previously been revealed.

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Voula, Pegadakia, 9 Ritsou Street (O.T. 306, property of K. Fotopoulos). Triantafyllia Kattoula (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of two marble sarcophagi from the area of a previously excavated Π-shaped enclosure.  Both had been looted, leaving only a gilded terracotta rosette possibly from a necklace.  A pyre and two pithos burials were located west of the sarcophagi. A Π-shaped enclosure was excavated on the east of the plot: while it not absolutely clear that this is not that revealed in 1991 (of which there is no ground plan), the excavator suggests that there were two enclosures, one on each side of the ancient road through this area. Yiannos Kouragios and Mary Yiamalidi (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) report on the further discovery of seven pithos burials, seven pyres and four sarcophagi (three of marble and one of limestone). The pithoi and sarcophagi had been looted and contained no grave goods. A few bronze and pottery vessels were excavated from the pyres. Two rectangular rock-cut offering pits contained 25 intact vessels (plates, kantharoi, skyphoi,and  pyxides), mostly miniatures, and many sherds. The cemetery is dated by the finds and grave types to the late fifth – early fourth centuries BC. 

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Voula, Mystra Street and Varis-Koropiou Avenue (Sklavenitis property). Triantafyllia Kattoula (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of two roads (the continuation of those previously excavated on the Moutzouvi and Manola properties (fig. 1). A 35m-long stretch of the first, east-west road was revealed, while second ran north-northeast – south-southwest with a retaining wall preserved on its east side. Between the roads lay adomestic building with at least five rooms (oriented north-south) founded on bedrock. To the south lay a sanctuary: an 0.4m square altar or table (0.5m high), built of vertical stone slabs round a soil and rubble fill, lay in the centre of an open area. On the east and south sides of the altar, two walls define a 2 x 2m room, while an apsidal wall to the west postdates the altar. Finds from the open area include coarseware and a little fourth- and third-century BC fine and black-glaze pottery, stone and terracotta loom weights and spindle whorls, a terracotta animal figurine and a marble human leg. Similar household shrines, adjacent to roads, were common in the deme of Halai Aixonidae.

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Voula, Alkyonidon Avenue.Triantafyllia Kattoula (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) and Yiannos Kouragios and Mary Yiamalidi (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) respectively report the discovery of two stretches of a Classical-Hellenistic road. The first, 32.5m long and 2.25m wide (fig. 1), ran north-northwest – south-southeast, with a westwards curve after the first 20m. It was paved with small pebbles in compacted soil, and had a rubble retaining wall.  A few Classical-Hellenistic sherds date the construction/use. The second, 47.6m long (fig. 2), ran north-south for the first 30m and then curved to continue east-west. Both retaining walls were excavated. A little pottery was found, mostly black-glazed. 

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Voula, 142 Spetson Street (O.T. 147, property of B. Kassimati).Yiannos Kouragios and Mary Yiamalidi (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) report the discovery of an enclosure, the continuation of which had previously been excavated on the adjacent plot. Four walls (of rectangular blocks of local stone with rubble infill) delimited an area 9 x 5.2/6m. The enclosure contained pottery, terracotta figurines (birds, a rider, and a seated female figure), and alabastra. A limestone sarcophagus (2.2 x 1m) and two pyres (one ritual and the other funerary) were found in the area north of the enclosure. Although the sarcophagus had been looted, it contained bones, metal nails, a fragment of a gold-plated rosette and burned black-glazed pottery. The ritual pyre, which lay over the sarcophagus, contained miniature vessels, animal bones and few fragments of metal. The funerary pyre contained bones and an intact, undecorated vessel. 

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Vari-Varkiza, Flemming Street (Kollaki and Methyl-oil properties). Maria Kassimi-Souttou (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of two, 25 and 28m-long stretches of retaining wall which supported areas for cultivation on the southern slopes of the Flemming hill. Coarse pottery from both plots dates to the end of the fifth century BC. 

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Varkiza, Syrou and Aphrodite Streets (Kottaropoulos property). Maria Kassimi-Souttou (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of the north-south road which connected the deme centre of Anagyrous with the sea. On either side of the road were walls, the western of which may served as the base of a funerary monument. 

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Varkiza, Monemvasias Street (Pefane property). Maria Kassimi-Souttou (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a 46.3m-long stretch of an east-west road with retaining walls on both sides. The road was 3.05-3.2m wide and surfaced with red-brown soil. Archaic, Classical and Roman finds from the road include pottery, a lead clamp, two obsidian flakes, a copper ring, a black-glazed lamp, and the base of a Roman amphora.

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Vari, Kamini Varis, Thasou Street (Manoli-Probona property).Maria Kassimi-Souttou (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of an 18m-long stretch of an early Classical east-west wall, 0.65-1m wide and 0.45-0.6m high. The wall was solidly built and in places supported with the addition of medium-sized stones. Early Classical black-glaze pottery was found in the area.

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Vari, Terpsichoris Street (property of A.-M. Kolaite).Maria Kassimi-Souttou (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a (possibly public) fifth- and fourth-century BC complex which formed part of the Lathouriza settlement. Twenty-two small rooms were built around, and primarily north of, a courtyard (14.5m north-south x 4.6-5.1m east-west) which was surrounded by walls founded on bedrock. These walls are preserved to a height of 0.16-0.25m. Pottery from the area was largely coarse, with some black-glaze, lamps, red slip vessels, a spindle whorl, and few querns. 

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Vari, Lathouriza, Karoti Street (property of B. Resti).Maria Kassimi-Souttou (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of part of a fifth-century BC bath complex. One room (2.8 x 3.65m) was excavated, plus part of a second to the south. In the east of the excavated room was a stone construction to collect rainwater, and in the north, a stone threshold (with grooves) belonging to a doorway leading into a third room (delimited by two walls 6.5 and 4.37m long). An unfluted column drum with a cut for an empolion was found on the south side of the complex. The complex is dated by pottery, as well as the masonry and plan.

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Vari, Maroti Street (Linden and Saman properties).Maria Kassimi-Souttou (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a looted and badly disturbed Archaic to fourth-century BC cemetery and a Geometric pyre. The Π-shaped burial enclosure I, built of carefully-worked blocks with a second, inner row of smaller stones, extended from the southwest of the Linden property onto the adjacent Saman property (the wall that continued north was 7m long and 0.85m wide). A north-south road (11.5m long and 3.1m wide) led to the enclosure, which contained two shaft graves, a pyre and a sarcophagus. Finds from the enclosure include a marble alabastron, a black-glazed lekythos, seven bronze nails, a red-figure squat lekythos, an unguentarium, and Archaic and Classical sherds. Enclosure II, also Π-shaped, extended from the southeast of the Linden property onto the Saman property. It was built of soft limestone: a 1-1.1m-wide road ran around it. Two sarcophagi were excavated from the mound, plus a shaft grave and two circular pyres to the north of it. Finds from the enclosure include marble elements from a loutrophoros, a small column, and a staff (lagobolon), as well as a black-glazed cup, a miniature lekythos and a funerary stele. Finds from the shaft grave and the pyres include Classical plain and black-glaze pottery (including pyxides, pyxis lids and a plates), bones, a copper ring and pieces of copper. Additional finds from the Linden plot include a marble funerary stele with pedimental decoration plus a palmette from another stele, fragments of marble vessels, a marble lekythos, four miniature oinochoae, a limestone alabastron, part of a marble staff (lagobolon) and numerous marble fragments. North of enclosure II on the Saman property were four cist graves, 19 pyres, two sarcophagi (one marble and one limestone), two pithos burials and a geometric pyre which contained a cup and an oinochoe.  The pyres were square or circular: stone enclosures surrounded some of the pyres and cist graves, perhaps demarcating family burial plots. The pithos burials contained miniature vessels. Other finds from the Saman plot include late Archaic and Classical sherds, pieces of copper, black- and red-figure lekythoi, a glass trefoil-mouthed oinochoe, two animal figurines (a ram and a horse), and bronze bosses.

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Vari, Maroti Street (Andrianopoulos and Schoinas properties). Maria Kassimi-Souttou (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of retaining walls which indicate that a fifth- and fourth-century BC road ran parallel to the modern road. 

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Vari, Asyrmatos (properties of Kaire AP, Kourti, Christophilopoulou, and P. Belonia).Maria Kassimi-Souttou (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports on the discovery of a 37.1m-long stretch of road (2.05-2.27m wide), running northwest-southeast on the Kaire property, paved with small stones and with retaining walls on both sides. Finds from the road and the walls comprise late Archaic and early Classical pottery, obsidian blades and two bronze coins. A few poorly preserved and unidentifiable remains were located northeast of the retaining wall. A cistern, 1.45m in diameter, was sunk into the bedrock 7.5m north of the road, its mouth (internally 1.1m and externally 2.1m in diameter) was formed of medium-size stones. Part of a second, east-west road was excavated on the Kourti property, running east-west with retaining walls on both sides. Finds include a lead clamp, a lump of copper, a broken spindle whorl, a piece of lead and two obsidian blades. On the Christophilopoulou plot, a square space (19 x 27m) delimited by rubble walls running north-south and east-west, is identified by the excavator as a gathering space or the agora of the deme of Anagyrous. A little pottery dates the structure to the beginning of the fifth century BC. A further stretch of road, 2.35-2.55m wide, was found on the Belonia property. Running northwest-southeast, it had retaining walls on both sides. 

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Vari, Varkiza, Demesticha Street (Vasileiadi property). Maria Kassimi-Souttou (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of an intact potter’s kiln plus medium quality yellowish clay, preserved in the basement of a modern house. The excavator proposes an early Classical date, yet suggests that a similar installation also functioned in Mycenaean times because the quality of the clay matches that of Mycenaean vessels from the Kamini cemetery in Varkiza.

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Vari, Demetros and Hagias Lauras Streets (property of Kousiaki).Maria Kassimi-Souttou (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a 40m-long early Classical retaining wall, oriented northwest-southeast in the south-southwest part of the plot, along with seven rooms from a building complex, with rubble walls and in some cases soft limestone floors. Finds from the complex comprise fourth-century BC pottery, a stone quern, shells, 11 pyramidal loom weights, a black-glazed conical spindle whorl, plain and black-glazed sherds, a miniature black-glazed vessel, a bronze lenticular weight, pieces of bronze, pithoi and fourth-century pointed amphorae, a marble fragment, part of the rim of a bronze vessel, and 10 obsidian flakes and blades. Four looted burials (possibly of children), one pyre and one shaft grave were excavated: a few late Archaic sherds were found.

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Vari, Hypates and Mousson Streets (Papadopoulou property). Maria Kassimi-Souttou (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of four rooms (each 2.25 x 1.5m) from a domestic complex which continues onto the adjacent plot to the north. To the southwest lay four entrances and a courtyard. The building’s size, masonry, thresholds and floors indicate that it was lavish. Finds from the complex comprise pyramidal spindle whorls, bosses, pottery (some black-glazed), a lead weight, lead clamps, seven bronze coins, lamp, a lump of lapis lazuli, and a gold hair ring decorated with snakes. A wine press (0.87m in diameter) was also found. 

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Varkiza, Thasou Street (properties of E. and B. Govari, Morfi and Barela). Maria Kassimi-Souttou (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery on all three plots of Mycenaean walls, psi and phi figurines, obsidian, shells, Late Helladic IIIA1-LH IIIB1 animal figurines, and Early Helladic pottery.

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Vari, Kamini, Agoriani Street (property of G. Steggou).Maria Kassimi-Souttou (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports on discovery of 45 Mycenaean chamber tombs and 13 shaft graves in a cemetery area 30m southeast of the Varkiza Mycenaean cemetery. The chamber tombs were cut into the bedrock: their roofs had collapsed but their entrances were intact. Some burials contained one and others many human remains. Finds from the tombs and graves (vessels of various types - some intact, seals, knives, spindle whorls, beads, figurines, pendants, decorative plaques and lead wire) date the cemetery to Late Helladic IIIA1-IIIB2. The continuation of the cemetery was excavated in the Tsimi Bros. property on Thasou and Agorianis Streets. There is also a westwards continuation on the Martinou property to the west, where 39 graves (mostly chamber tombs) were excavated, with finds including 309 intact vessels, 36 phi and psi figurines, spindle whorls, and stone and faience beads. 

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Vouliagmeni, Asteras.Maria Kassimi-Souttou (ΚΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a Classical quarry on the northeast side of the hill southwest of the Arion Hotel, plus Late Helladic walls in the entire area of the quarry.Early Helladic semi-circular structures (plus pottery) on the southwest side of the hill are interpreted as retaining walls dating in the transition between the Late Neolithic and Early Helladic periods. Three walls were found on the north and northwest sides of the hill, with Early Helladic sherds in the area of two of them. While the excavation is incomplete, it is suggested that the hill was inhabited and fortified in prehistoric times. Finds collected during the survey include sherds of roof tiles and Classical pottery, a stone tool, obsidian blades, querns, shells, a steatite arrow head, a pendant, a flint blade and traces of clay mortar.  

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Spetses. Palaio Limani (property of M. Pesmazoglou). Ch. Koilakou (1st EBA) reports the discovery of a short stretch of two abutting walls during rescue excavation on the east side of the plot, plus, from the fill, roof tiles and a large quantity of Early Byzantine pottery. Handles and rims of Late Roman 2 amphorae are noted, along with five terracotta lamps (two with herringbone decoration). An unidentified marble architectural member with relief decoration was restored from six fragments. 

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Ambelakia – Eleftheriou Venizelou Street (property of E. Kouraki, O.T. 95) T. Kattoula (KΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports on continuing excavation in the northern part of the plot. The destruction level previously found at the south end of the plot was visible here also, but with greater quantities of Hellenistic black-glazed pottery. At the northwest, just south of a room with the painted plaster, lay the paved surface of a possible road.                                                  

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Ambelakia – Amyneiou Street (property of M. Kotseli ,O.T. 7). T. Kattoula (KΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of six rock-cut graves. One grave preserved its Corinthian cover tiles; two contained skeletal material; and grave goods were found only in three.                      

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Aianteio - Palamidou Street (property of F. Sousti .O.T. 195) T. Kattoula (KΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of two eighth-century BC cist graves. The first (oriented east-west, 3.3m long x 1.6m wide) contained fragments of eight skulls, a one-handled cup, five broken vessels, a copper spoon, a bronze fibula, five copper studs and two iron studs. Excavation was continued by the 1st ΕΒΑ.                                                                                                                                                                                                     

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Kambos Mylon (property of G. Kopana). E. Papastavrou (KΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of nine rock-cut tombs dating from the late sixth to the first half of the fifth century BC. Tomb I was a rectangular pit with an alcove for a sarcophagus of which nothing remains. Finds included sherds, an unpainted vase and fragments of copper strigils. Tomb II had three chambers entered by a shaft. Traces of a brick wall were found in the eastern chamber and one partially damaged sarcophagus was found in two chambers. There were no grave goods. Tomb III had three chambers entered by a shaft, with an alcove for a sarcophagus under the western wall of the entrance. One chamber preserved the base of a limestone sarcophagus. Tomb IV was a rectangular chamber widening to an oval floor. A thick layer of cremation remains was found along with poorly preserved skeletal material and two trefoil jugs, one lekythos and sherds. Tomb V was a surface pit that had been looted. Tomb VI had four chambers accessed via a shaft. Two carved niches were found along the long wall of the south-western chamber: one contained an infant burial in a jar, with six skyphoi and a small aryballos, while the second was looted. At the base of the northwest chamber and the shaft, two niches were found empty. In the north-western chamber was a sarcophagus surrounded by two black figure lekythoi, a black-glazed skyphos, a kotyle and a female figurine. Tomb VII had two chambers entered by a shaft; the roof was damaged. Tomb VIII had two chambers entered by a shaft; the western chamber contained a black-glazed lekythos, a kylix and a black-glazed skyphos. Tomb IX had two chambers.          

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Kambos Mylon (property of A. Balia). E. Papastavrou (KΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a rock-cut tomb with two chambers entered by a shaft. A child size sarcophagus, and a cover stone from the shaft entrance were found in the shaft fill, while a second cover stone, skeletal material, two olpes and a lekythos lay in the chamber.                                                                                                                             

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Kambos Mylon (property of E. Moira-Pountou). E. Papastavrou (KΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of two rectangular pits and a well. The pits rested on bedrock and their walls were lined with thin trapezoidal slabs: at the bottom of each was a layer of ash. The first pit was oriented east-west  (2.55m x 1.12m, depth 0.65m) and the second  north-south (1.86m x 1.14m, depth 1.4m). The well diameter is 0.85-09m.                                                                                                   

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Faneromeni (property of K. Gennitsari). E. Papastavrou (KΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of nineteen underground tombs with shaft entrances, twelve surface graves, a pit grave and one cist grave, mostly looted, dating from the late sixth to the fourth century BC. The majority of the underground tombs were two-chambered and oriented north-south. Tomb I had two chambers, one to the south and the other to the west, entered via a shaft. The south chamber contained two sarcophagi, and the west one for an adult and one for a child. A shallow circular pit was found in the northeast corner of the shaft entry. Tomb II , which also had two chambers, oriented north-south, was found empty. Tomb III had two chambers, oriented north-south with one sarcophagus in each. Tomb IV had two chambers, oriented north-south, a portion of the north-south wall of the tomb had collapsed. The south chamber contained a damaged sarcophagus. Tomb V had chambers that opened to the east and west of the shaft entrance. There was no indication of any burial. Tomb VI had two small chambers with rounded corners and a small shaft entrance, found empty. Tomb VII had two chambers opening from the south and west walls of the shaft entrance. Tomb VIII had two chambers oriented north-south; a skull was found in the south chamber. Tomb IX, adjacent to Tomb VII (the dividing wall had collapsed), had white plastered walls and contained a cist grave (it was too dangerous to proceed with excavation in the chamber). Tomb X had two chambers oriented north-south; its roof and walls were mostly destroyed. Tomb XIII had two chambers oriented north-south with a shaft entrance, at the bottom of twhich was a rectangular pit containing ash (but no bone or sherds). Tomb XIV had two chambers oriented north-south, with a damaged shaft entrance. Tomb XVI had two chambers oriented north-south; the base of a sarcophagus lay along the western wall of the north chamber. Tomb XVII had two chambers to the east and west of the shaft entrance, with a sarcophagus in the east chamber. Tomb XVIII had two chambers oriented north-south; the south chamber contained a sarcophagus. Tomb XIX had two chambers oriented east-west; the east chamber contained a partially damaged sarcophagus. A single cist grave at the northern edge of the property contained two skeletons with the skulls facing south.

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Troizen (property of A. Spiliopoulou – Sarantopoulou).  M. Giannopoulou (KΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports  the discovery of 15 Protogeometric - Roman graves during rescue excavation in the east cemetery. These comprise three cists, two tile and three pit graves, four enchystrismoi, one larnax, a pithos and a cremation, all situated south of an east-west roadside wall. Two courses of a marble funerary monument were found against the wall. The three cist graves contained a variety of offerings including many metal objects (such as a copper kantharos, an omphalos bowl, a copper skyphos, a copper ring, a copper mirror, iron arrowheads and iron strigils), a bone spoon, and West Slope pottery including a kantharos bearing the inscription ΥΓΙΕΙΑΣ. Child burials include a Hellenistic oinochoe containing infant bones with a bronze mirror, and a Hellenistic pithos burial of a child, containing vases including two thilastra, two perfume bottles, two iron rings and five terracotta figurines (the pithos had been repaired with lead). The cremation, which dates to the fourth century BC, included parts of a copper stemless kylix and a ladle, fragments of an iron sword (including parts of the incised bone handle), pottery sherds and bone fragments.                                                                                                                                                                            

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Troizen (property of M. Hreioti).  M. Giannopoulou (KΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of three Geometric graves in the east cemetery. A cist grave oriented north-south contained one skeleton and a copper ring. Two enchystrismoi were found, one of an infant. An east-west wall south of the burials may be part of an enclosure for the cemetery.                                                                                                                                       

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Troizen (property of H. Paneri). M. Giannopoulou (KΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a late antique (fifth- to sixth-century AD) building oriented north-south.  Surviving remains comprise a 7m-long stretch of one long wall plus a shorter 1.2m stretch parallel to it the south, and a cross-wall which divided the building into two rooms. Finds include fifth- and sixth-century pottery and a lead seal with the name ΕΠΙΦΑΝΙΟΣ.                                                                                                                                                                   

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Troizen (property of P. Boutsifakou).  M. Giannopoulou (KΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a Late Roman building with two rooms 200m northeast of the church of St. John the Baptist, slightly north of the supposed ancient agora of Troizen. Plaster floors and two terracotta water pipes forming a right angle were found in the northern area and a tiled floor in the south.                                                                                       

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Ayios Konstantinos Taktikoupolis (property of E. Christofa). M. Giannopoulou (KΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports  the discovery of an elongated room belonging to a Late Roman building. A pithos containing organic residue lay to the northwest of the building.                                                                                                                                                               

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Askeli (property of Poros Municipality). M. Giannopoulou (KΣΤ’ ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of a Late Roman potter's workshop. Facilities for processing clay included two horseshoe-shaped tanks oriented east-west. The workshop appears to extend into the eastern part of the plot where trial trenches identified traces of a kiln.                             

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AVERTISSEMENT
La Chronique des fouilles en ligne ne constitue en aucun cas une publication des découvertes qui y sont signalées.
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