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Dernières notices ajoutées par région : Iles Ioniennes
Zakynthos Archaeology Project. G.J. van Wijngaarden (Netherlands Institute/Amsterdam) reports on the 2nd season of geological and archaeological survey carried out in collaboration with the ΛΕ' ΕΠΚΑ. In 2007 survey was concentrated around mod. Machairado in the interior of the island (research area B), with the aim of investigating the transition from the mountains to the central alluvial plain. As in 2006, very many Pal lithics were discovered. The mountain zone in the W part of the study area contains various sources of high-quality natural flint, which were extensively exploited in the Pal period, as is clear by the wide distribution of flint artefacts and debitage. A clear concentration of these artefacts was attested above the valley of Achiouri (tract 2080), where there appears to have been a sizable workshop for lithic artefacts. The prominent hill of Palaiokastro has 2 Med towers, and evidence of other periods was also found in 2007. On the N slope is a concentration of Cl and Hel sherds, with LRom, Ven and E mod. pottery and other finds also abundant. A little PH pottery includes a Myc or EIA decorated base. Further work remains to be done on the spatial and chronological differentiation of the finds at Palaiokastro and on the many different walls visible on the surface of the site. The foothills and plains produced a wide scatter of artefacts of different periods, without clear concentrations.

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Livatho Valley Survey. C. Souyoudzoglou-Haywood (Irish Institute of Hellenic Studies/Dublin) and A. Sotiriou (Director, ΛΕ' ΕΠΚΑ) report on the 5th survey season. The 2007 season was a combination of study, fieldwalking of a small part of sector E and gridded collection at 3 locations of pottery densities consistent with sites. Although the survey has adopted an artefact centred ‘siteless’ survey strategy, the existence of ‘places of special interest’ or ‘sites’ is fully recognized. Among the most significant, resulting from the 2006−2007 campaigns, are the following. In sector D, S of Kleismata (tract CGQ), very fragmentary EBA pottery, painted and plain, was collected from mudflow terraces spanning 70m. In the same sector, the area around the village of Pesada, where pottery clusters were identified in 2005, was confirmed as an important focus of LRom and post- Rom activity. An impressive building in Rom style masonry, preserved on 2 incomplete sides (3.3 x 5.7m), was identified in the E part of tract AUN, ca. 250m SW of the village. The walls are preserved to a h. of 0.8m under the mod. agricultural terrace wall. At Krania (sector E), ca. 350m S of the chamber tombs at Diakata, high sherd densities led to the identification of the ‘lost’ site of Starochorafa, where S. Marinatos excavated part of a Myc house. Gridded collection from 6 squares (10 x 10m) produced densities of 1.07 sherds per m2. The pottery, which was very fragmentary, consisted of 65.61% coarseware and 34.3% fineware sherds, but the only Myc diagnostics were 2 small kylix fragments. The site is mainly one period, probably LH IIIC, although there is a small post-BA component. At the location of Liostassakia, ca. 500m NW of the village of  Kokolata, 3 of the 12 Cl−Rom rock-cut cist graves, which had survived recent bulldozing of the site, were cleared and recorded. The cemetery was excavated by S. Marinatos, but not fully published. Some of the graves had been used for successive burials. Noteworthy is a feature, not mentioned by Marinatos, at the corner of one of the 3 surviving graves. It consists of a carved channel and 2 depressions, possibly for libations. Fieldwalking in the tracts bordering the cemetery yielded Cl and Hel pottery consistent with cult activity at the graveside.

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Fiskardo.  A. Sotiriou (Director, ΛΕ' ΕΠΚΑ) reports the discovery of part of a small theatre or odeion of the 2nd−3th Ct AD in the course of a rescue excavation on the land of R. Donadou and P. Karava . Part of the koilon and the paved orchestra (5.45m di.) were found in an excellent state of preservation: the structure continues under the neighbouring Apodemon Erissianon street and into a further plot, where excavation is expected to continue. The koilon had 4 tiers of seats of which the first had stone backrests: the small number of kerkides is unusual, but comparisons are noted with similar structures at Ambrakia and Alexandria. An unusual rectangular niche or exedra requires further explanation. In the SW part of the same plot, was a Rom chamber tomb (8.2 x 5.8m) with a form of antechamber. Inside, and in irregular arrangement, were a vaulted tomb, an undecorated stone sarcophagus and a cist tomb containing 2 enchytrismoi. The façade of the vaulted tomb had the appearance of a building with a pediment and a fully functional low stone door (with a knob on each side to open to the overworld and the underworld). A 2nd Rom chamber tomb was excavated on the plot opposite. Both tombs were found intact and with a rich range of grave goods, including glass and ceramic vessels, gold earrings, rings and a pin, the gold coin placed in the mouth of the deceased, a ring with a depiction of Eros, gold leaf, bone pins, bronze attachments with relief decoration, and bronze coins and keys. The report emphasizes the quantity and significance of the Rom remains found in this area in recent years (citing a paved courtyard surrounded by oikimata, a planned cemetery and a bath), which underline the importance of Fiskardo as a naval station linking Italy with mainland Greece and in direct contact with Nikopolis.

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 Mandouki, Xenophontos Stratigou Street. The 21st EBA reports the discovery of late Venetian building remains along the central street of Mandouki (the northwest part of the city of Kerkyra) (figs 1-2). These include a fine floor of pink tiles with square column bases probably from the entrance to a propylon or stoa (fig. 3). Stretches of waterchannel dating to the periods of Venetian and British government were also found. 

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